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Stokes SeedFaTmsCb M Growei5 

Windermoor Farm, Moorestown, N. J. 

For Every Purchase of One Dollar or More we 
will Send You, with Our Compliments, this 
Useful and Ornamental Collection of 
Flowers for Your Garden 



For purchases of two dollars or more we 
will in addition to the above send a large 
size packet of Celosia Plumosa (Plumed 
Cockscomb) described on page 80. 



Flanders Poppy. The graceful blood-red 
poppy which covered the battlefields of 
France and Belgium. For description and 
culture see page 89. 

Assorted Nasturtiums. Few flowers are 
as popular and as charming as nasturtiums. 
For description and culture see page 87. 

Assorted Sweet Peas. Attractive as a cut 
flower and ornament ah in any garden. For 
description and culture see page 91. 


Stokes Seed Farms Co., Growers 

Windermoor Farm, Moorestown, New Jersey 

Please fill in correct catalogue number to avoid errors 

Gentlemen: — I am enclosing. 

To be sent by 


Post Office. 


Street Address I 

Box Number > 

or R. F. D. J 

Express or Freight Office 


.for the following seeds, etc. 

(Mail — Express — Freight) 

. State, 

(Fill in only if different from your post office) 

Do you grow for market or home use ?_ 

Please do not write here 

Filled by. 

Checked by_ 

Date Mailed. 
No. Pkgs. 

Date Mailed. 
No. Pkgs. 





Names of Articles Wanted 


Do not forget your fruit tree order. See our special catalog. Sent free upon request. 












A Letter to Old Friends and New 

LAST year in writing the annual seed catalog, our company departed radically from established traditions. We 
tried to make it different in that it avoided all duplication of varieties; in that it presented to our customers 
J a seed book which might be used as a work of reference concerning varieties and varietal names; including 
their origin and history, and lastly in that it aimed to tell only the truth about each and every item forming a part 
of the book. This entire change in policy brought forth a host of comments from our friends and neighbors as well as 
from competing seedsmen. As we write this we have before us on one side a stack of commendations while on the 
other side we have an equal number of criticisms. In our new catalog we have tried to make use of the information 
given by those friends who commended our efforts as well as by those friends who criticized them. 

The 1921 seed book has not been greatly changed. Corrections have been made wherever experience has taught 
us more. A large number of new and, we believe, better photographs have been secured and added to the book. The 
pen and ink drawings of types remain, as our friends have told us they prove very useful. Several varieties which we 
have found in the past year to be superfluous, have been eliminated while several others which we eliminated with 
undue haste have been replaced. As far as we know there is no duplication of varieties. Each one of them is distinct. 
It is our aim now as in the past to simplify varietal nomenclature so that it will be equally simple for the most amateur 
gardener to use our catalog as it is for the most experienced market gardener. 

The stocks of vegetables and flowers which we offer have been either grown by ourselves, or for us by the most 
reliable American and foreign houses which we know. All the seed, before mailing, has undergone duplicate germination 
tests from representative samples and no seed of weak vitality will be sent out under any circumstances. This will 
assure, under average conditions, a good stand from every packet of seed purchased from us. 

We have made a complete revision of the various departments of our catalog. As usual the vegetable seed depart- 
ment stands preeminent, and has been improved in efficiency for handling orders and in serving our customers in every 
possible way, by giving them information as to price, cultural data, etc. Our fruit and ornamental tree department 
is now being conducted separately and we are issuing an additional four-page 1921 catalog which accompanies our. 
seed book. By making this department independent, we expect to handle orders more rapidly and with greater 
efficiency than heretofore. Furthermore it is now possible to secure many varieties of trees which have been extremely 
scarce for the past few years. In the live-stock department we furnished many of our customers live-stock and 
poultry which satisfied every expectation. As in the past we stand ready to help our friends in purchasing live-stock 
and poultry but are not listing them in the mail order catalog this year. 

The flower seed department has been given about twice as much space as in the past. This is in line with our 
policy to further develop this part of our business. During the past year we have grown large quantities of flower seed 
on Windermoor Farm and have secured, in addition, excellent stocks from one of our French growers who has again 
resumed production after the war. 

Our plant growing department has been further enlarged owing to the fact that last year we were not able to 
supply the requirements of all our customers. Practically all of the plants offered will be grown under glass by us on 
Windermoor Farm. The quality will be as high as usual and replacements made when delivered in poor condition. 

In order to avoid confusion we are listing only the postpaid retail prices in the catalog. On pages 97 and 98 will 
be found a Wholesale Market Gardeners' List which offers favorable prices when purchasing seed in quantities. 

As in the past we are always glad to welcome visitors to Windermoor Farm. We issue a general invitation to our 
friends and customers and assure them that they will be amply repaid by visiting us. The most interesting time to 
make the visit is during August and September. 

Faithfully yours, 


January 1, 1921 

See our fruit tree catalog for apples, pears, peaches, cherries, strawberries, etc. Sent free. 




We try to fill all orders as soon as they are received, not 
holding them any longer than forty-eight hours. Our 
busiest season is during March and April when it is some- 
times difficult to keep up with the orders which come in 
every mail. These delays are frequently unavoidable and 
customers are sometimes obliged to wait a week before 
receiving their order. By placing your order with us early, 
we can make deliveries promptly. You can aid us con- 
siderably by sending the correct amount with your order, 
by writing your name and address clearly and by not 
asking us to handle C. 0. D. packages. 


The prices in this catalog are postpaid whenever men- 
tioned and are subject to revision upward or downward, par- 
ticularly in the case of potatoes, field and grass seeds of all 
kinds. On pages 97 and 98 a Market Gardeners' Wholesale 
Price-list is added. These prices do not include delivery. 

Flower and vegetable seeds are as a rule mailed together. 
Onion sets and potatoes are handled separately and mailed 
alone. Field seeds, except in very small quantities are 
shipped by express or freight, collect, the prices not 
including postage. 

Canadian Shipments 

We send all vegetable and flower seed packets and 
ounces postpaid. Larger quantities are shipped by express 
or freight, the purchaser paying the charges. Parcel post 
packages weighing under four pounds, six ounces, may be 
sent in this way when a customer remits ten cents per 
pound in addition to the price for seed. 

Safe Arrival 

As in the past we guarantee the safe arrival of all goods 
sent by mail or express within the limits of the United 
States. We will make replacements of goods damaged or 
lost entirely as soon as we are notified. When making 
claims for express or freight shipments received in bad 
condition, the goods must be signed for at the freight or 
express office as "received in bad condition" so that we 
may make claim for them. 


Use order sheet facing page 1 and return envelope 
enclosed in catalog wherever possible. Write your name 
and address distinctly, printing wherever possible. Mis- 
takes are avoided if the catalog number is entered in the 
proper column. Please do not write inquiries on the 
order-sheet, but use a separate piece of paper. This will 
avoid delay in answering. 


Remittances may be made by money order or check. 
Do not send loose coins in the envelope with your order, 
as they are frequently lost. We cannot hold ourselves 
responsible when this occurs. Postage stamps may be 
used in remitting for amounts less than fifty cents. 

C. O. D. Shipments 

As it requires about twice as long to handle a C. 0. D. 
shipment as a cash order and in addition entails extra 
expense for collecting charges, we kindly request that 
customers send cash with their order, or if this is not 
convenient, remit at least twenty per cent, of the total 
amount when the order is mailed us. 


As it is necessary for us to employ some new workers 
during our busy season, errors in filling orders occasionally 
occur. We would kindly request our customers to notify 
us at once where an error has been made so that we may 
rectify it with the least amount of inconvenience. 


Our business is governed by the policy that a satisfied 
customer is our best advertisement. When anything goes 
wrong with your seed, we are here to adjust the matter to 
your satisfaction. This naturally means that no effort is 
too great to have our goods just exactly as they are rep- 
resented in our catalog. We would even guarantee you 
good crops from our seed were this possible, but when you 
remember that there are so many things beyond our con- 
trol, such as insects, diseases, improper culture, planting 
the wrong varieties, etc., it is not possible for us to do it. 
However, if there is any way we can make your chances 
of success greater, we should be glad to adopt it. 


English French Italian Polish German Spanish Scandinavian 

Asparagus .' Asperge Sparagio Szparagi Spargel Esparrago Asparges 

•Beans Haricots Fagiuoli Fasola Bohnen Habichuela Boenner 

Beet Betterave Barbabietola Buraki Rube Remolacha Roedbede 

Cabbage Chou Cavolo Cappuccio Kapusta Kopfkohl Col repello Kaal 

Carrot Carrotte Carota Marchew Karotten Zanahoria Gulerod-Karrotter 

Cauliflower Chou-fleur Cavoloflore Kalafiory Blumenkohl Coliflor Blomkaal 

Celery Celeri Sedano Selery Sellerie Apio Selleri 

Corn Mais Mais Kukury dza Mais Maiz Mais 

Cucumber Concombre Cetriolo Ogorek Gurken Cohombro Agurk 

Dandelion Dandelion Dente di leone Papawa Lbwenzahn Diente de leon Loevetand 

Eggplant Aubergine Petronciano Gruszka Eierpflanze Berengena Egplante 

Endive Chicoree Endivia Endywia Endivien Endivia Endivie 

Kale Chou vert Cavolo verde Solanka Blatterkohl Breton, Berza Grcenkaal 

Kohlrabi Chou-rave Cavolo rapa Kalarepa Knollkohl Col Rabano Kaalrabi 

Leek Poireau Porro Pory Porree Puerro Purre 

Lettuce Laitue Lattuga Salata Lettich Lechuga Salat 

Melon, Musk Melon Popone Melon Melone Melon Melon 

Melon, Water Melon d'eau Melone d'aqua Melon, Wodny Wasser-Melone Sandia Vandmelon 

Mushroom Champignon Fungo Pratajolo Grzyb Schwamm Seta Champignon 

Okra Gombaud Ocra Ocher Gombo Hibiskus 

Onion Ognon Cipollo Cebula Zwiebel Cebolia Roedloeg 

Parsley Persil Prezzemolo Pietruszka Petersilie '. . . .Perejil Persille 

Parsnip Panais Pastinaca Pasternak Pastinake Chirivia Pastinak 

Peas Pois Pisello Groch Erbsen Guisante Erter 

Pepper Piment Peperone Pieprz Pf effer Pimiento Spansk Peper 

Pumpkin Potiron Zucca Bania Melonen-Kurbiss Calabaza Totanera Graeskar 

Radish Radis Ravanello Rzodkiew Radies Rabanito Reddik-Radis 

Salsify Salsifis Sassefrica Jarzy Ostryga Haf erwurzel Salsifi Havrerod 

Spinach Epinard Spinace Szpinak Spinat Espinace Spinat 

Squash Courge Zucca Miekurz Kiirbiss Calabaza Squash-gra?skar 

Swiss Chard Poiree Bieta Beisskohl Bleda Blad bede 

Tomato Tomate Pomo d'oro Pomidor Liebesapf el Tomate Tomat 

Turnip Navet Navone Rzepa brukiew Weisse-Riibe Nabo Turnips 


State clearly what you want in your order. It helps you and helps us 

Suggested Home Garden Varieties of Vegetables 

UNFORTUNATELY it is quite impossible for us to know 
personally more than a very small proportion of our customers. 
Those with whom we are privileged to come in contact personally, 
very often will ask our advice regarding the best varieties of vege- 
tables to grow for the home garden. There is such a vast difference 
in the edible quality of certain vegetable varieties, many of which 
are grown largely for their selling value, that we are often led to 
believe that there is an imperfect acquaintance on the part of our 
trade with those sorts which will develop into the most delicious 
when grown and prepared for the table. Very often we will receive 
orders from home garden planters for varieties which are in no way 
suited for home consumption. Believing that perhaps we did not 
express ourselves forcefully enough in our descriptions, and feeling 
that it surely is our duty as seedsmen to have our customers grow 
only such varieties as will bring the most satisfactory results, we 
submit herewith the following list, which has been selected purely 
from the standpoint of the edible qualities of the varieties in question. 
Asparagus — Washington. 

Beans, Green-Podded Bush — Giant Stringless, Bountiful. 
Beans, Lima — Fordhook Bush, Dreer's Pole. 

Beans, Wax-Podded Bush — Round-Pod Kidney Wax, Pencil Pod 
' Black Wax. 

Beet — Crosby's Egyptian, Crimson Globe, (Early Summer), New 

Century (Mid-Summer and Fall). 
Brussels Sprouts — Improved Long Island. 

Cabbage — Early Jersey Wakefield (Summer), Danish Ballhead or 
Hollander (Fall), Copenhagen Market (Summer) Pe-Tsai, Chinese. 
Carrot — Chantenay. 

Cauliflower — Danish Dry Weather (Giant). 
Celeriac — Giant Prague. 

Celery — Golden Self-Blanching (Summer), Meisch's Easy-Blanching 
(Summer), Winter King (Fall), Pink Plume (Fall). 

Chicory (French Endive). 
Cress — Extra Curled. 

Cucumber — Evergreen White Spine, Green Prolific. 

Eggplant — Black Beauty. 

Endive — White Curled. 

Kale or Borecole — Dwarf Curled Scotch. 

Kohlrabi — Early White Vienna. 

Leek— Carentan. 

Lettuce — All Seasons, May King, Unrivaled, Iceberg, Trianon 

Muskmelon — Pollock No. 25, Osage, Emerald Gem. 
Okra — Perkins Long Pod. 

Onions — Ohio Yellow Globe, Southport White and Red Globe. 

Parsley — Champion Moss Curled and Emerald, (Garnishing) Ham- 
burg Turnip Rooted (Flavoring). 

Parsnip — Hollow Crown. 

Peas — Alaska, Ameer, Laxtonian, Telephone. 

Pepper — Chinese Giant, Pimiento, Bell or Bull Nose. 

Pumpkin — Small Sugar, Pie or Winter Luxury. 

Radish — Sparkler White Tip, Scarlet Globe, French Breakfast, 
White Icicle, White Box. 

Salsify or Oyster Plant — Mammoth Sandwich Island. 

Spinach — Bloomsdale Savoy, All Seasons, New Zealand. 

Squash — Golden Hubbard, White Bush, Golden Summer Crook- 

Sweet Corn — Early Malcolm, Golden Bantam, Golden Giant, 

Stokes' Double-Barreled Best, Country Gentleman. 
Swiss Chard — Giant Lucullus. 

Tomato — Stokes' Bonny Best, Stone, Globe, Yellow Plum. 
Turnip — Purple Top Milan, Early White Flat Dutch, Purple Top 
Strap Leaf. 

Watermelon — Kleckley Sweet, Harris Earliest, Halbert Honey. 

Suggested Commercial Varieties of Vegetables 

WHAT has been said above applies equally here. The commercial 
grower, however, must produce with certain fundamental con- 
ditions constantly in view. We refer to such matters as the quickness 
of growth, tonnage of crop, shipping qualities, etc., etc. However, 
we do hold that the vegetable growers who have made the greatest 
success have developed their markets by constantly offering articles 
that were good to eat and not merely good to look at. The matter 
of sugar content, as gone into briefly before, is food for thought 
for every forward-looking grower. Is there not some means by 
which you can eliminate some of the lost time between your field 
and the ultimate consumer? You must remember that the more he 
enjoys your product, the oftener he will want it repeated on his 
table. We cannot urge too strongly that vegetables grown merely 
for their appearance, with no regard to the edible qualities thereof, 
do not help to popularize vegetables. Make them attractive, deliver 
them fresh and do not forget that it is the delicious flavor when 
eaten that will be remembered. We have eliminated varities from 
our catalog which we felt were not good advertisements for vegetables. 
Asparagus — Washington. 

Beans, Lima — Fordhook Bush, Dreer's Pole, Ford's Mammoth. 
Beans, Green-Podded Bush — Black Valentine, Stringless Green- 

Beans, Wax-Podded Bush — Currie's Rust-Proof Wax, Pencil Pod. 
Beet — Crosby's Egyptian, Detroit Dark Red, New Century. 
Beet, Mangel- Wurzel — Mammoth Long Red. 
Brussels Sprouts— Improved Long Island. 

Cabbage — Early Etampes, Early Jersey Wakefield, Charleston 
Wakefield, Succession, Early Flat Dutch, Copenhagen Market, 
Late Flat Dutch, Danish Ball head. 

Carrot— Danvers Half-Long. 

Cauliflower — Early Dwarf Erfurt, Danish Dry Weather. 
Celery — Golden Self-Blanching, White Plume, Meisch's Easy 
Blanching, Winter King. 

Cucumber — Klondike, Davis Perfect, Evergreen White Spine. 

Eggplant — New York Improved. 

Endive — Green Curled, White Curled. 

Kale, or Borecole — Siberian. 

Kohlrabi — Early White Vienna, Purple Vienna. 

Leek — Montrous Carentan. 

Lettuce — Big Boston, New York, or Wonderful, Black-Seeded 

Tennis-Bali, Grand Rapids, Hanson, Iceberg. 
Muskmelon — Netted Gem, Stokes' Sugar-Sweet, Pollock No. 25, 

Osage, Fordhook. 
Okra — Perkins Long Pod. 

Onion — Southport Yellow Globe, Southport Red Globe, Southport 
White Globe, Yellow Globe Danvers, Yellow Strasburg, Ohio 

Parsley — Champion Moss Curled, Hamburg Turnip Rooted, 

Parsnip — Hollow Crown (Guernsey) 

Peas — Alaska, Ameer, Long Island Mammoth. 

Pepper — Ruby Giant, Ruby King, Bell or Bull Nose. 

Pumpkin — Large Sweet Cheese, Kentucky Field. 

Radish — Scarlet Globe, Giant Crimson, White Box, White Icicle, 

White Strasburg, Chartier, or Shepherd, White Chinese (Celestial), 

China Rose, Long Black Spanish. 
Spinach — Thick-Leaved Viroflay, Bloomsdale, Long Season. 
Squash — Golden Hubbard, Boston Marrow, Golden Summer 

Crookneck, Mammoth White Bush. 
Sweet Corn — Golden Bantam, Stokes' Double-Barreled Best, 

Sto well's Evergreen, Golden Giant. 
Tomato — Earliana, Bonny Best, Special Stock Bonny Best, Greater 

Baltimore, Enormous, June Pink, Globe. 
Turnip — Early White Flat Dutch, Purple Top Strap Leaf, Purple 

Top White Globe, Yellow or Amber Globe, Yellow Rutabaga. 
Watermelon — Tom Watson, Harris' Earliest, Kolb's Gem, Dixie. 

Better crops result when the right varieties are used 


This table has been prepared after the most careful study. We believe it will be found accurate under normal 
conditions. However, there may be times and places when it will not apply without a slight adjustment and we 
would caution against using it without first taking cognizance of local conditions. The terms "north" and "south" 
apply generally to the latitudes of New Jersey and the Gulf Coast. No allowance is made for altitude. 

Kind of vegetable 

Asparagus, seed . . . . 
Asparagus, roots 
Beans, Dwarf 

Beans, pole 


Brussels sprouts 
Cabbage, early 

Cabbage, late 






Collar ds 

Corn, sweet 

Cress, water 






Kale, or borecole 




Melon, muskmelon . . 
Melon, watermelon . . 


New Zealand spinach 


Onion, seed 

Onion, sets 

Onion seed for sets . . 





Potatoes, Irish 

Potato, sweet 



Rhubarb, seed 

Rhubarb, roots 




Squash, summer 

Squash, winter 



Seeds or roots 
required for 
100 feet of drill 

1 ounce. . . 
60 to 80 roots 
1 pt 

Yi pt 

1 ounce . . 

)i ounce . . 
j| ounce . . 

Y, ounce . . 
y, ounce . . 
\i ounce . . 

% ounce . 

14 ounce . 

14 ounce . 
M ounce . 

M pt 

Yi ounce . 
Y2 ounce . 

V% ounce . 

1 ounce 

70 roots 

\4 ounce .... 

Y, ounce .... 
y 2 ounce .... 
Yt ounce .... 
Y 2 ounce .... 

1 ounce 

Y% ounce ... 

1 ounce* 

2 ounces ... 

1 ounce 

1 quart of sets 

1 lb 

Y ounce .... 
Y-t ounce . . . . 

1 Pt 

Y% ounce 

5 lbs 

3 lbs. (or 75 

Y2 ounce . 
1 ounce . 
Yi ounce . 
33 roots . 
\i ounce . 
1 ounce 
1 ounce . . 

Yi ounce . 
x 4 ounce 
14 ounce . 

Yi ounce . 


5 lbs 

1 bu..'.'..!. 

M bu 

6 lbs 

2 ounces. . 
M lb 

M lb 

2 lbs 

1 ounce . . . 

Yi lb. 

Y. lb. 
6 qts., 

2 lbs. 

a ib.' 

2 lbs. 

1 lb. 

1 lb 

4 lbs. . . 

3 lbs. . . 

2 lbs. . . 
2 lbs. . . 

1 lb 

8 lbs. . . 
8 lbs. . . . 

4 lbs.-5 lbs 
50 lb. . . 

3 lbs. . . . 
3 lbs. . . . 

1 bu 

2 ounces 

16 bu. 

4 lbs. . . 
10 lbs. . . 

2 lbs.. . 
8 lbs.. . 
30 lbs. 

4 lbs 

2 lbs 

1 Yi ounces 

1 lb. sown 
3 lbs. 

Distance for plants to stand 

Rows apart 

Horse culti- 

30 to 36 in. 
3 to 5 ft. . 
30 to 36 in. 

3 to 4 ft. . . 
28 to 36 in. 

30 to 36 in. 
30 to 36 in. 

30 to 40 in. 
30 to 36 in. 
30 to 36 in. 

30 to 36 in. 

3 to 6 ft. 

30 to 36 in. 
30 to 36 in. 
36 to 42 in. 
Broadcast . 
4 to 6 ft. . . 

30 in 

30 to 36 in. 

30 in 

30 to 40 in. 
30 to 36 in. 

30 to 36 in. 
30 to 36 in. 

30 in 

6 to 8 ft.. . 
8 to 12 ft. . . 
30 to 36 in. 

36 in 

4 to 5 ft. . . 
24 to 36 in. 
24 to 36 in. 
24 to 36 in. 
24 to 36 in. 
30 to 36 in. 
3 to 4ft. . 
30 to 36 in 

30 to 36 in. 
3 to 5 ft. . . 

8 to 12 ft.. 
24 to 36 in. 

36 in 

3 to 5 ft. . . 
30 to 36 in. 
30 to 36 in. 
30 to 36 in. 

3 to 4ft. . 
7 to 10 ft. 
3 to 5 ft. . 

24 to 36 in. 

Hand culti- 

1 to 2 ft. . 
12 to 24 in. 
18 to 24 in. 

3 to 4 ft. . . 
12 to 18 in. 

24 to 30 in 
24 to 30 in. 

24 to 36 in. 
24 to 30 in. 

18 to 24 in . 

18 to 24 in. 
24 to 30 in. 
30 to 36 in. 

4 to 6 ft. . . 
18 to 24 in. 
24 to 30 in. 

18 in 

24 to 30 in. 
18 to 24 in. 

18 to 24 in. 
14 to 20 in. 
12 to 18in. 
6 to 8 ft. . . 
8 to 12 ft. . 
12 to 18 in. 
24 to 36 in. 
3 to 4ft.. . 
12 to 18 in. 
12 to 18 in. 
12 to 18 in. 
12 to 18 in. 
18 to 24 in. 
30 to 36 in. 
18 to 24 in. 

24 to 36 in. 
3 to 5 ft. . . 

8 to 12 ft.. 
12 to 18 in. 
30 to 36 in. 
3 to 5 ft. . . 
18 to 24 in. 
18 to 24in. 
12 to 18 in. 

3 to 4 ft. . 
7 to 10 ft. 
3 to 4 ft. . 

18 to 24 in.. 

Plants apart 
in rows 

3 in 

15 to 20 in. 

2 in 

3 to 4 ft. . . . 
2 in 

16 to 24 in 
12 to 18 in. . 

16 to 24 in. . 

2 in 

14 to 18 in. . 

3 in 

2 in 

4 or 5 to ft. . 
14to 18in. . 
4 every 3 ft. 

4 every 3 ft. 

8 in 

18 in 

12 in. 
20 in.. 
18 in.. 

6 in 

4 in 

6 in 

4 every 4 ft. 
4 every 6 ft. 
4 or 5 to ft. . 

12 in 

24 in 

2 in 

4 or 5 to ft. . 
Y2 in 

3 in 

2 in 

1 in 

15 in 

14 in.. 
14 in.. 

4 every 6 ft. 

1 in 

6 in 

3 ft 

6 in 

2 in 

2 in 

4 every 4 ft. 
4 every 6 ft. 
3 by 4 ft 

2 i. 

Depth of 

1 in 

3 to 5 in. 
1 in. . . . 

1 in. 
1 in. 

Y2 in 

Yi m.. 
Yi in.. 
Y2 in.. 

Ys in. 

Yi in 

Y2 in 

1 in 

Under water 

1 in 

Y2 in 

Y2 in 

Y2 in 

3 to 4 in 

Y2 in 

y 2 in. . . . 
Y2 in. . . . 
1 in.. . . 

1 in 

M in. . . . 
1 to 2 in. 

1 in 

Y2 in. . . . 

1 in 

Ys in.. . . 
Yi in.. . . 

1 in 

Y2 in. . . . 

4 in 

3 in 

1 in 

Yi in 

>2 to 1 in.. 

2 to 3 in. . 
Y to 1 in. . 

Y2 in 

1 in 

1 in. 
1 in. 

Yi in. 

Time of planting in open ground 


Autumn or early spring 
Autumn or early spring 
Feb. to April [Aug. to 

Sept.] : 

Late spring 

Feb. to April (Aug. to 


Jan to July 

Oct. to Dec 

June and July 

March and April. Sept. 
Jan. and Feb. [Jime] 

Late spring . 
Aug. to Oct.. 

March and April 

May and June 

Feb. to April 

Early spring 

Feb. and March [Sept.] 
Early spring or autumn 
Feb. to April 

Feb. to April . 
Early spring. 
Oct. to Feb. . . 

Sept. to March 

May to Sept 

Sept. to March 

Feb. to April 

March to May 

Autumn or early spring 

Early spring 

Feb. to April 

Oct. to March 

Early spring 

Early spring 

Sept. to May 

March and April 

Sept. to April 

Early spring 

Jan. to April. . . 
April and May . 

April and May . 
Sept. to April . . 

Aug. and Sept. 
Sept. to Feb. . . , 



Dec. to March 

Aug. to Oct. 


Early spring. 
Early spring. 

April to July . . . 
May and June . 

April to Aug 

May and June 

March and April. (Start 
in hotbed during Feb.) 

May and June 

April to June 

April to June. (Start in 
hotbed during Feb. or 

May and June. (Start in 
cold frame during 

May and June. (Start in 
hotbed or cold frame 
during March or April) 

May and June 

Late Spring 

May to July. ... 

April to Sept 

April to July 

Early spring 

April and May (Start in 
hotbed during March) 

April. [July] 

Early spring 

Aug. to Sept. [March 
and April] 

March to May 

March to May , 

March to Sept 

April to June 

May and June 

March to May. (Sept.] 

Early spring 

May and June 

April to May 

Autumn and Feb. to May 


Sept. and early spring . . 

April and May 

March to June 

May and June. (Start 
early plants in hotbed 
during March) 

March to June 

May and June. (Start 
plants in hotbed during 

May to July 

March to Sept 

Early spring 

Autumn or early spring . 

May and June 

Early spring 

Sept. or very early spring 

April to June 

May to July 

May and June. (Start 
early plants in hotbed 
during Feb. and 


April and May or Aug. 
and Sept 

Ready for use 
after planting 

2 years. 
1 year. 

42 to 75 days. 
72 to 90 days. 

45 to 60 days. 
100 to 120 days. 

90 to 110 days. 
llOto 120 days. 
55 to 80 days. 

95 to 1 10 days. 

140 days. 

120 to 150 days. 

5 to 6 months. 
100 to 120 days. 
55 to 90 days. 
60 to 70 days. 
50 to 70 days. 

6 to 12 months. 

125 to 140 days. 
100 days. 
1 year. 

55 to 60 days. 
50 to 70 days. 
120 to 150 days 
70 to 90 days. 
85 to 150 days. 
100 to 130 days. 
60'to 90 days. 
60 to 100 days. 
90 to 140 days. 
125 to 150 days, 
100 days. 
90 days. 
65 to 90 days. 
130 days. 
45 to 75 days 

130 to 150 days. 
90 to 150 days. 

150 days. 
75 to 90 days. 
20 to 75 days. 
3 years. 
1 year. 
90 days. 
150 days. 
45 days is min. 

65 to 70 days 
125 days. 

125 to 150 days. 
45 to 90 days. 


The planting table helps you in selecting varieties 

Vegetable Seed Table 

Please note that the figures given in this table are 
subject to certain changes under varying conditions of 
growth, harvest and storage. They will also vary some- 
what according to variety. In giving this table we natur- 
ally subject ourselves to. certain criticism, especially on 
the part of the seed trade. We believe, however, that it 
is information which, on many occasions, will prove 
valuable to our customers and for this reason it is 
cheerfully given. 


1 Year Old 

Duration of 
Power in 

Number of 
Seeds Per 

"Weight of 
Quart of 
Seed in 






Beans, Dwarf 





Beans, Pole 





Beet, Garden 





Beet, Mangel 





Brussels Sprouts . . . 






























Corn, Sweet 








































Melon, Musk 





Melon, Water 

































.50 to 150 



























Squash, Summer. . . 





Squash, Winter. . . . 















Recommended Quantities 

Alfalfa 20 lbs. 

Alsike Clover 12 lbs. 

Barley 100 lbs. 

Buckwheat 48 lbs. 

Canada Field Peas 90 lbs. 

Corn 15 lbs. 

Cow Peas 60 lbs. 

Crimson Clover .... 12 to 15 lbs. 
Millet 30 lbs. 

of Seeds to Sow Per Acre 

Oats 64 lbs. 

Pasture Grass 40 lbs. 

Potatoes 10 to 16 bu. 

Red Clover 10 to 15 lbs. 

Rye 60 lbs. 

Soy Beans 60 lbs. 

Timothy 15 lbs. 

Vetch 25 lbs. 

Wheat 80 lbs. 

Required Plants Per Acre at Various 

Distance Apart No. Plants 

12 x 1 inches 522,720 

12 x 3 inches 174,240 

12 x 12 inches 43,560 

18 x 1 inches 348,480 

18 x 3 inches 116,160 

18 x 12 inches 29,040 

18 x 18 inches 19,360 

24 x 1 inches 261,360 

24 x 18 inches 15,520 

24 x 24 inches 10,890 

30 x 1 inches 209,088 

30 x 12 inches 17,424 

30 x 30 inches 6,970 

36x12 inches 14,520 

3x 2 feet 7,260 

3x 3 feet 4,840 

4x 1 feet •. 10,890 

4x 2 feet 5,445 

4x 4 feet 2,723 

5x 3 feet 2,901 

5x 4 feet 2,178 

5x 5 feet 1,743 

8x 1 feet 5,445 

8x 8 feet 680 

10 x 1 feet 4,356 

10x10 feet 436 

12 x 1 feet 3,630 

12x12 feet 302 

16 x 1 feet 2,722 

16 x 16 feet 170 

18x18 feet 135 

20x 20 feet 110 

25x25 feet 70 

30x30 feet 48 

33 x 33 feet 40 

40x40 feet 28 

Standard Weights Per Bushel 

Alfalfa 60 lbs. 

Barley 48 lbs. 

Beans 60 lbs. 

Buckwheat 48 lbs. 

Clovers 60 lbs. 

Corn, Field 56 lbs. 

Cora, Sweet 50 lbs. 

Grass, Blue 14 lbs. 

Grass, Broome 13 lbs. 

Grass, Herd 10 lbs. 

Grass, Orchard 12 lbs. 

Grass, Perennial Rye ... 24 lbs. 
Grass, Tall Meadow Oat 13 lbs. 
Grass, Wood Meadow. . . 14 lbs. 

Hemp 40 lbs. 

Millet, Japanese 30 lbs. 

Millet, Pearl 50 lbs. 

Oats 32 lbs. 

Peas, Smooth 60 lbs. 

Peas, Wrinkled 56 lbs. 

Potatoes 60 lbs. 

Rape 50 lbs. 

Rye 56 !bs. 

Sugar Cans 56 lbs. 

Sunflower 25 lbs. 

Timothy 45 lbs. 

Vetch 60 lbs. 

Wheat 60 lbs. 

Our seeds compare favorably in germination with the above table 


The Ancient Origin of Vegetables and Its 
Relation to Present Day Standards 

FULL appreciation of historic background is the foundation for true proportions and for deepened respect. Even 
a cursory knowledge of a subject will bring with it a keener interest which in turn increases one's possibilities 
for larger success. Vegetables have been cultivated and eaten by man for about ten thousand years. Undoubtedly 
many of them have been developing in their wild state far back into Geologic Time, thousands, and perhaps hundreds 
of thousands of years before the Glacial Period. Apparently the first cultivation of the products of the soil can be cred- 
ited to the ancient tribes of Persia and of India — the first of the world's people to establish any pretense of civilization. 
Further evidence is at hand to show that at least a number of our commoner vegetables were well known before the 
Aryan Migration, Eighteenth Century B. C. Melons, onions and garlic are mentioned by Moses 1400 B. C. 

Historic realities of the past twenty-five centuries, beginning with Hellenic Culture, give us our first accurate 
knowledge on the subject. The Greek and especially the Roman Civilization, advanced the art of horticulture far be- 
yond all past effort of man. With the conquering of new lands, the culture of edible plants was passed on to new tribes 
and races, they in turn very often exchanging species entirely unknown to the Mediterranean World. Roman armies 
were responsible for the dissemination of many of the vegetables of Asia, Southern Europe and Africa. The fall of 
Rome retarded vegetable culture seriously, but it is not thought that many of the old species were lost. The work 
was carried on without marked development until the discovery of the New World, which brought with it several 
new and valuable additions in vegetables, which were quickly adapted by Europeans, who in turn started varietal 
improvements which greatly increased their desirability for edible purposes. The work of the French and English 
in the past three hundred years probably surpasses the efforts of the previous fifteen hundred. Present-day varieties, 
with slight exceptions, are all type developments of the past three centuries. This work has largely been accomplished 
by scientists, gardeners and commercial seed growers. American horticulturists have made considerable progress during 
the past hundred years in the development of new, and in many instances, very worthy varietal introductions. 

A vegetable, perishable and tender as it is, seems not a thing of great antiquity, but when we consider through 
its power to reproduce itself it has survived in its cultivated form through many ages, has outlived the greatest empires, 
has combatted all the pestilence, disease and drought of the world, and has come out the better for it, surely there 
is cause for a deepened respect and a renewed sense of honor for the gardening profession. Plant life, as well as human 
life, is always seeking higher levels. There is a profound dignity in scientific plant improvement work. The American 
seed trade has now passed through its first hundred years of development, a period which should be ample time in 
which to arrive at definite standards. Unfortunately, during this time there has been no sentiment against the renam- 
ing of varieties having fixed names. As a result, there are approximately ten thousand different varietal names, cover- 
ing perhaps one thousand separate and distinct varieties — a duplication of nine hundred per cent. For instance, the 
Earliana Tomato, as introduced by Johnson & Stokes eighteen years ago, is now probably sold by seedsmen under 
one hundred different names. This confusion not only is unfair to the seed buyer, but it has a tendency to lower type 
standards all along the line, inasmuch as there cannot be the concentrated effort which would otherwise be possible. 
In this catalog we are not only giving brief histories of the vegetables themselves, but we have made an effort to locate 
either the originator or the introducer of the individual varieties, standardizing on the name as given it by the persons 
responsible. Surely the sentiment of the seed buyer is against deception of any kind. He wants to know definitely 
what he is buying, and he does not want to pay a fabulous price for some (perhaps inferior) strain of a well-established 
variety. The position we take on this matter does not exclude the offering of private strains under the standard varietal 
name. Neither does it exclude the offerings of distinct varieties when they are proven out as such after thorough and 
complete investigation by responsible persons. The spirit of the times calls for clear-cut business policies. We in 
America too often forget our ancestors. Even a passing knowledge of the Old World arts will give us truer proportions, 
eliminate many crude mistakes and enable us to establish standards more in keeping with the work in hand. 


Name of Vegetable Under Cultivation Origin 

Asparagus 2000 to 4000 years Europe and West Asia 

Bean, Bush Lima About 100 years Eastern North America 

Bean, Pole Lima About 1000 years South America 

Bean, String 2000 to 4000 years West South America 

Beet, Chard 2000 to 4000 years Europe 

Beet, Root 2000 to 4000 years Mediterranean Region 

Brussels Sprouts 1000 to 2000 years North Europe 

Cabbage 4000 to 8000 years West Europe 

Cabbage, Chinese. . . .2000 to 4000 years China and Japan 

Carrot 2000 to 4000 years Europe and West Asia 

Cauliflower 2000 to 4000 years Europe and West Asia 

Celeriac 1000 to 2000 years Europe 

Celery 2000 to 4000 years South Europe 

Corn, Field 2000 to 4000 years Tropical America 

Corn, Sweet About 100 years New England 

Cress, Garden 2000 to 4000 years Probably Persia 

Cress, Water 2000 to 4000 years Europe and North Asia 

Cucumber 4000 to 8000 years India 

Cucumber, Gherkin About 100 years Jamaica 

Dandelion 1000 to 2000 years Europe and Asia 

Egg Plant 4000 to 8000 years South America or East Indies 

Endive 1000 to 2000 years East Indies and Asia 

Horse-radish 1000 to 2000 years East Europe and West Asia 

Kale 2000 to 4000 years Europe 

Kohl-rabi 2000 to 4000 years Europe 

Name of Vegetable Under Cultivation Origin 

Lefk 2000 to 4000 years Mediterranean Region 

Lettuce 2000 to 4000 years . . Asia 

Melon, Musk 4000 to 8000 years .'. Southern Asia 

Melon, Water 2000 to 4000 years West Africa 

Mushroom 1000 to 2000 years .Northern World 

Okra 1000 to 2000 years North Africa 

° m0 , n 400° to 8000 years Persia and Central Asia 

Parsley 1000 to 2000 years Sardinia 

Parsnip 1000 to 2000 years Europe 

Pea, Garden 4000 to 8000 years . . Asia 

g e PP. er 1000 to 2000 years South America 

§°I a !° * ■ Y 1000 t0 2000 y ears South America 

Potato, Sweet 1000 to 2000 years Tropical America 

Pumpkin Probably less than 1000 years Tropical America 

Radish 4000 to 8000 years . Asia 

Rh " b K arb 2000 to 4000 years South Siberia (River Volga) 

Rutabaga 1 000 to 2000 years Europe 

g a ! sif y. About 1000 years Mediterranean Region 

Spinach 1000 to 2000 years. . Persia 

Spinach.New Zealand 100 to 200 years Nev Zealand 

Squash, Winter 1000 to 2000 years Tropical America 

Squash, Summer Probably less than 1000 years Temperate America 

Tomato 1000 to 2000 years. . Peru 

Turnip 4000 to 8000 years , Europe 



(Asparagus officinalis) 

HISTORY — A native of Europe, having grown in its wild stale in Great Britain, 
Russia and Poland. The Britons, Gauls and Germans used it merely as a medicine. 
Gerard states that it lakes its name after the Latin, in that it signifies the first spring 
or sprout. The Romans introduced it as an edible food. Cato the Elder, 200 B. C., 
treated the subject with great care. Pliny distinguished a fine difference in the character 
of Asparagus grown near Ravenna and certain other outlying points from Rome. Its 
cultivation and me as a vegetable was made known to the people of the North by the 
invading Roman armies. It is spoken of as a cultivated English vegetable in the early 
sixteenth century; and in 1683 we have record of it in the London markets. Many 
of the best gardeners have contended that soil and cultivation conditions count for the 
apparent difference in this vegetable and that it is not a question of the distinct varieties 
so much as it is the parentage of the stock and the conditions under which it is produced. 

No. 1 — Washington Asparagus 

is a strain which has been produced under the direction of the Bureau 
of Plant Industry of the United States Department of Agriculture. 
The Bureau began this work at Concord, Massachusetts, in 1906, 
rust-resistance being one of the principal features desired. From a 
single plant discovered at Concord in 1910, a commercial strain has 
been developed. In 1915 this was taken to South Carolina, which 
district is seriously infected with asparagus rust. The seed which 
we offer comes directly from the fields which were used as a 
guard field to protect the government seed plantation. Our 
supply is being grown commercially for us by a man who thoroughly 
appreciates the value of pedigreed stocks. 

Washington Asparagus is a rust-resistant, vigorous, high yielding 
strain of giant Asparagus. The plants represented in its pedigree of 
the last three generations are the best found in a ten years' search 
among millions of plants tested. By best, we mean the ones that 
have produced offspring, uniform, rust-resistant, high yielding, of 
large size and rapid growth, all of which qualities indicate tenderness. 
A more uniform type has not been seen among Other so-called varieties 
that were in any degree rust-resistant. Thorough investigation has 
been made of Argenteuil, Palmetto and Reading Giant, none of them 
having been found sufficiently uniform to justify their adoption as 
the basis for breeding work. 

A bed of asparagus must be considered in the light of a permanent investment. For this reason we feel very sure 
that our trade will be satisfied with no other than the best obtainable. Most other seedsmen will no doubt hold to the 
original idea that there is such a thing as variety in asparagus. For ourselves, we are quite convinced that it is 

certainly no more than a difference in the strain and we are further convinced that the 
culture of asparagus has more to do with it than any other factor. Very often our 
customers specify white asparagus or green asparagus and to such inquiries we would say 
that at the present time there are no distinct strains of either. By keeping the light away 
from the young stalks, any asparagus will be white. As an economy in time, we 
advise our customers to buy asparagus roots. If, however, seed is used, please be 
advised that two or more weeks are required for germination. We would call 
I attention to the fact that we are only listing one-year old roots, this on the 
Hfc . advice of experts from the United States Department of Agriculture, who 
have well grounded proof for their belief. 

Asparagus should be planted at one end or one side of the garden, where 
it will interfere the least with the plowing and preparation of annual crops. 
Price of seed, postpaid, pkt. 25c, oz. 50c, y± lb. $1.75, 1 lb. $6.00. Price 
of roots, postpaid, 1 doz. 50c, 50-$1.50, 100-$2.75. 

Write for Farmers' Bulletin No. 829, U. S. Department of Agriculture, 
on 'Asparagus." This can be obtained free from the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture at Washington, D. C. 



An asparagus bed is a permanent investment. Only the best strain should be planted 



(Phaseolus lunatus) 


(Natural Size) 

HISTORY — Apparently the pole lima bean was known in America long before the discovery. It is a native of Tropical 
America, probably Peru or Brazil. Although quite different in general form and appearance from the ordinary string 
bean, Phaseolus Vulgaris, it is, nevertheless, closely related. The lima bean was met with by the Spaniards on their 
first contact with the Indians of Florida, Mexico and Peru. Wild forms of the lima bean are known in the Upper 
Amazon River Valley and its seeds together with certain other vegetable seeds have been found in ancient Peruvian 
tombs at Ancon. The Indians of both North and South America were well acquainted with the species. TJie traditions 
of the cliff dwellers in our southwestern desert country have it that they were first gathered from the nearby canons 
thousands of years previous. 

The bush lima is a type of more recent discovery, having been located along a roadside in Virginia about one 
hundred years ago, and later introduced by Landreth. The broad bean of the old world, Vicia Faba, almost unknown 
in this country, is no relation to the genus Phaseolus. 

No. 10 — Henderson's Bush 

Days to Maturity, 70. First found growing wild along the roadside in Virginia in 1875. 
Believed to be a dwarf form of old Carolina. Introduced in 1888 as Dwarf Carolina by 
Landreth and in 1889 as Henderson's Bush by Peter Henderson and Johnson & Stokes. A 
common synonym is Dwarf Sieva. The plant is small, attaining a height of from twelve to 
fifteen inches, has long runners, compact, bushy, hardy, very early and moderately productive. 
The pods are quite small, attaining a length of about three inches, straight, very flat, three to 
four seeded and dark green. The greensheU beans are very small, white and of good quality. 
The dried seeds are somewhat triangular, very flat and of a creamy white color. Pkt. 10c, 
H pt. 25c, pt. 40c, qt. 70c, y 2 pk. $2.75, postpaid. 

No. 12 — Fordhook Bush 

Days to Maturity, 75. Introduced by W. Atlee Burpee & Company, 1907. An improvement 
on the Dreer's Bush Lima. The plant will attain a height of about twelve inches. It is a 
prolific bearer. The pods will range from four to four and one-half inches in length and will 

contain five or more 
large beans of excep- 
tional quality. The 
dried beans are oval 
in shape, very thick 
and white with a green- 
ish tinge. As is the 
case with all lima beans, 
we would warn our 
trade not to plant 
them until the ground 
has become thoroughly 
warmed by the late 
spring sun, and under 
no c i r c u'm stances 
should cracked beans be 
planted, for, although 
the-y may have the 
strength to gerrninate, 
they will not be able to 
force the sprouts through 
the ground. Pkt. 10c, Yi 
pt. 25c, pt. 45c, qt. 80c, 
Y 2 pk. $3.00, postpaid. 

Wholesale prices, 



Lima beans should be in every garden 


No. 14 — Challenger or Dreer's 

Improved Pole 

Days to Maturity, 85. Originated with Mr. V. J. 
Hadden, East Orange, New Jersey. Introduced by J. 
M. Thorburn & Company in 1882. This variety is 
similar to the older Dreer's Pole Lima, differing only in 
that the pods are slightly larger and more often five 
seeded. Because of these facts, it has entirely replaced 
that variety, but is frequently sold under the name of 
Dreer's Improved Pole. The plant is large, throwing 
vigorous runners, which are of the climbing habit. It is 
very productive, throwing pods four inches in length, 
broad, straight, flat, six seeded and dark grayish green. 
Green-shell beans are medium in size, light green color 
and of excellent quality. The dried seeds are subcircular 
in outline, oval in cross section and greenish white in 
color. Pkt. 10c, Yi pt. 25c, pt. 45c, qt. 80c, H P k - 
$3.00, postpaid. 

No. 16 — Ford's Mammoth-Podded (Pole) 

Days to Maturity, 90. Result of twenty years' selection 
of Large White by James Ford, Frankford, Pa. Introduced 
by Johnson & Stokes in 1889. Our catalog of that year 
states: "No novelty we have ever offered cost so much 
money to obtain seed stock, and even at the fabulous 
price offered Mr. Ford for his entire stock last spring, he 
hesitated about selling, but finally accepted our offer." At 
that time it was sold only by the packet, price, twenty- 
five cents each. Ford's Mammoth Podded is similar to 
King of the Garden, differing chiefly in that the pods are 
slightly longer, decidedly straighter, slightly narrower, 
better filled and averaging six beans to the pod. The 
dried seeds are pure white in color, large and flat. Pkt. 
10c, y 2 pt. 25c, pt. 45c, qt. 80c, y 2 pk. $3.00, postpaid. 


(Natural Size) 



See page 3 for recommended varieties 



(Phaseolus vulgaris) 

No. 20— Giant 


(x 2/3) 

HISTORY — This genus which includes such species as the Kidney 
Beans is undoubtedly of South American origin, inasmuch as until 
the discovery of America none of the beans of this family were cultivated 
in Europe. M. de Candolle, author of the Nativity of the Bean, and 
considered an authority on the subject, produced strong data to prove 
that Tropical America was its original habitat. Among other points 
mentioned, is the fact that several kinds of this species have been found 
in Peruvian tombs at Ancon. Furthermore, shortly after 1500, the 
Kidney Bean began to be grown extensively in Europe where it has 
entirely supplanted the common beam for garden purposes. The name 
"Kidney Bean" was given it because of its shape. The Indians were 
growing certain types at the lime of the discovery of America, but they 
were not grown, commercially here until a comparatively recent time. 
Messrs. N. B. Keeney & Son, of Le Roy, New York, have done more 
in [ developing American varieties of kidney beans than any other 
organization of individuals.. A brief survey of the varieties listed here 
is sufficient proof to show this. 

No. 18— Red Valentine 

Days to Maturity, 42. A variety in cultivation in this country 
since 1845. Until 1870, however, the type was flat podded. Earli- 
ness is the feature of this variety. The pods are slightly smaller than 
Black Valentine, round, lighter in color, curved, somewhat stringy, 
but of good quality if gathered when young. Pkt. 10c, M> pt. 20c, 
pt. 40c, qt. 70c, l A pk. $2.75, postpaid. 

Note — Credit should be given Messrs. N. B. Keeney & Son for 
many of these bean photographs. They will be found to be accu- 
rate as to type and close to scale as noted. 


Days to Maturity, 45. 
Originated by N. B. 
Keeney & Son, and said 
to be a selection of Red 
Valentine. Introduced in 
1898 by Johnson & Stokes. 
From its cultivation it has 
been a favorite for home 
garden and market pur- 
poses. As shown in the il- 
lustration, this variety is 
a heavy bearer and can 
perhaps be picked in one- 
third the time of any 
other sort. The bearing 
period is comparatively 
short. The pods are about 
six inches inlength, 
slightly curved, dark 
green in color, brittle and 
absolutely stringless. This 
variety is not recom- 
mended for low ground, 
inasmuch as the pods 
sometimes weigh down the 
plant and the beans rest 
on the ground, thus caus- 
ing them to become spot- 
ted. Dry seeds are of a 
yellowish brown color. 
Pkt. 10c, Y> pt. 20c, pt. 
40c, qt. 70c, y 2 pk. $2.75, 

No. 22— String- 
less Green -Pod 

Days to Maturity, 45. 
Originated by N. B. 
Keeney & Son, and intro- 
duced by Burpee in 1894. 
The plant will grow to a'height of from twelve to fifteen inches, is 
very erect and productive. The pods will average five inches in 
length and are somewhat curved and constricted between the beans. 
They are strictly stringless, tender, fine grained, of good quality and 
uniformly six seeded. Dry seeds are of a dark brown color. Pkt. 
10c, Y> pt. 20c, pt. 40c, qt. 70c, Y 2 pk. $2.75, postpaid. 

No. 24— Black Valentine 

Days to Maturity, 45. Introduced in 1897 by Peter Henderson. 
A well-known and extensively grown bean, especially in the South. 
In habit of growth it closely resembles Red Valentine, except that 
the character of the pod is very different. Because of its general 
characteristics, it is excellent for shipping purposes, but we do not 
recommend it to truck growers desiring to develop private markets. 
It is not a stringless variety, and is, therefore, not recommended for 
home garden use. It is sometimes subject to anthracnose in rainy sea- 
sons. Pkt. 10c, V 2 pt. 20c, pt. 40c, qt. 70c, y 2 pk. $2.75, postpaid. 

No. 26— Bountiful 

Days to Maturity, 45. Originated in Genesee County, New York, 
and introduced by Peter Henderson in 1898. The plant reaches a 
height of about sixteen inches. The pods are over six inches long, 
slightly curved, flat, light green in color, stringless, seven seeded and 
very attractive. This variety is a universal favorite because of its 
general good qualities. Pkt. 10c, y 2 pt. 20c, pt. 40c, qt. 70c, 
y 2 pk. $2.75, postpaid. 


Great care should be taken in the selection of varieties of beans 


No. 28— Late Refugee 

Days to Maturity, 60. Catalogued by 
Thorburn in 1822. A common synonym 
is One Thousand to One. This variety is 
not especially recommended for northern 
planting. The pods will run about five 
inches long. They are round, slightly curved, 
six seeded, light green in color and slightly 
stringy. It is a variety extensively used also for canning, usually under the 
name of Round-Pod Refugee. The Late Refugee is considered more pro- 
ductive than the Extra Early Refugee, which we no longer catalog. Pkt. 
10c, y 2 pt. 20c, pt. 40c, qt. 70c, Y 2 pk. $2.75, postpaid. 

No. 29— White Seed Kentucky Wonder (Pole) 

Days to Maturity, 70. The original Kentucky Wonder was of a 
mottled, olive-drab. This strain was introduced by Gregory in 1877. 
Old Homestead was a common synonym. The White Seeded Ken- 
tucky Wonder is a later introduction, and has proven to be more 
satisfactory for general purposes as a green-podded climbing bean. 
Although somewhat susceptible to disease, the bean is early, pro- 
ductive and grown very extensively, especially in the Mid-West. 

The snap pods will average about seven inches in length, being very 
slender, decidedly curved, round, creased-back and eight to ten 
seeded. They are only slightly stringy and of a medium green color. 
The flesh is tender, brittle and moderately fine grained. The bean 
is of good quality, but is not overly attractive. In the green-shelled 
pod state, the pod is much constricted between the beans. The 
dried beans are white. Pkt. 10c, J/£ pt. 20c, pt. 40c, qt. 70c, . 
Y<i pk. $2.75, postpaid. 


Do not plant beans for the home garden unless they are stringless 



No. 36— Round-Pod Kidney Wax 

Days to Maturity, 45. Originated bv N. B. Keeney & Son, and 
introduced by Johnson & Stokes in 1900. This bean or one of 
great similarity was named Brittle Wax by Burpee the following 
year. The plant will grow to a height of about fifteen inches, pro- 
ducing long, curved, round, yellow pods, extremely brittle and 
absolutely stringless. They are borne equally above and below the 
foliage, as may be noted in the illustration. Excellent quality. 
Pkt. 10c, y 2 pt. 25c, pt. 45c, qt. 80c, Y 2 pk. $3.00, postpaid. 

No. 30 — Improved Golden Wax 

Days to Maturity, 40. Selection of Golden Wax by W. H. Grinell, 
and introduced about 1884. This improved variety differs from the 
old Golden Wax in that the pods are slightly stouter, flatter, 
straighter and longer-pointed, the dry seeds being marked with 
brownish spots rather than purple. The season is about the same. 
The plant will develop to about twelve inches in height. The pods 
are five to six seeded, stringless and of very fair quality. The pick- 
ing season is rather short. A recommended variety for home or 
market garden. Pkt. 10c, Y 2 pt. 25c, pt. 45c, qt. 80c, Yi pk. $3.00, 

If you are a 
market gard- 
ener and buy 
in quantities, 
the wholesale 
prices on pages 
97-98 will in- 
terest you 


(x 2/5) 

No. 32 — Currie's Rust-Proof Wax 

Days to Maturity, 40. Originated near Milwaukee, and said to be a sport from Golden 
Wax, introduced by Currie Brothers in 1889. At the present time it is one of the most 
largely grown wax beans for all general purposes. The plant reaches a height of about 
fourteen inches. The pods are about six inches long, very straight, flat-oval in cross section, 
uniformly six-seeded, bright yellow in color, decidedly stringy, coarse-grained and of 
rather poor quality. As is the case of the Wardwell's Kidney Wax, this bean is susceptible 
to anthracnose. For the above reasons it is not recommended for home garden planting. 
Pkt. 10c, y 2 pt. 25c, pt. 45c, qt. 80c, % pk. $3.00, postpaid. 

No. 34— Davis White Wax 

Days to Maturity, 40. Originated by Mr. Eugene Davis, of Grand Rapids, and intro- 
duced to the trade generally in 1895. This bean resembles the Currie's Rust-Proof more 
than any other variety. The plants attain a height of about fifteen inches, and are quite 
susceptible to disease. Pods are seven inches long, very unif ormly straight, flat, six or seven- 
seeded, clear, bright yellow color, stringy, fibrous and of fair quality, but very attractive. 
This is primarily a market variety, but if gathered while young would, no doubt, prove satis- 
factory for the home garden. Pkt. 10c, Yi pt. 25c, pt. 45c, qt. 80c, Y 2 pk. $3.00, postpaid. 

No. 40— Pencil Pod Black Wax 

Days to Maturity, 45. A selection of Black Wax improved by N. B. Keeney & Son, 
and introduced by Johnson & Stokes in 1900. The plant will attain a height of fourteen 
inches, but is a vigorous grower, and is not susceptible to disease as other wax-podded 
sorts. The pods attain a length of six inches, are slender, curved near the tip, rounded, 
seven-seeded, very clear yellow, absolutely stringless, very brittle, fine-grained and of excellent 
quality. This variety is highly recommended for all purposes where the quality of the edible 
product is a consideration. Pkt. 10c, Yi pt. 25c, pt. 45c, qt. 80c, Yi pk. $3.00, postpaid. 



(Natural Size) 

Never cultivate beans when the vines are wet. Anthracnose may develop 



No. 38— Ward well's Kidney Wax 

Days to Maturity, 45. Originated by Mr. Charles Wardwell, of Jefferson County, 
New York, listed by Thorburn in 1887, and offered by Johnson & Stokes the 
following year. The plants will attain a growth of about fourteen inches. The 
pods are about six inches long, slightly curved, flat, six-seeded, clear yellow, almost 
stringless and of very fair quality. As is the case of the Currie's Rust-Proof, it is, 
perhaps, more subject to anthracnose during wet seasons than are some of the green- 
pod varieties. Pkt. 10c, y 2 pt. 25c, pt. 45c, qt. 80c, y 2 pk. $3.00, postpaid. 

No. 42— Golden Cluster Wax (Pole) 

Days to Maturity, 72. Originated near Doylestown, Pa., and introduced by Dreer 
in 1886. This is the most popular wax-podded pole bean of this class. It is a good 
climber and the vines are very compact, vigorous and hardy, being only slightly 
susceptible to disease. Golden Cluster is very productive. The pods will average 
seven inches in length. They are very straight, flat-creased, eight-seeded, light waxy 
yellow, somewhat stringy, but very brittle and fine-grained. The dry seeds are ivory 
white, broadly oval and occasionally wrinkled. We believe this to be the best of the 
wax-podded pole bean class. Pkt. 10c, y> pt. 25c, pt. 45c, qt. 80c, Y 2 pk. $3.00, 



Pencil Pod and Round Pod Kidney are the best wax beans for the home garden 


B S> E> (Beta vulgaris) 

HISTORY — A native of Europe, North Africa and Western Asia. It 
is named Beta because its seed pod resembles the shape of the Greek 
letter of that name. It has also been suggested that it came from the 
Celtic word Beta, meaning red. Beta Vulgaris, the parent of our 
garden varieties, is a native of Egypt, thus identifying two or three 
so-called Egyptian beets handled by present-day seedsmen. The native 
parent grew wild along the southern shores of the Mediterranean, and 
was found as far east as the Caspian Sea and Persia. "Everything," 
according to de Candolle, "shows that its cultivation does not date from 
more than two or three centuries before the Christian Era." It is not 
known exactly when the beet root was first introduced into cultivation. 
The ancients were well acquainted with the plant, but we have no account 
from which we can have certain knowledge that they cultivated it. 
Certainly it has been a garden vegetable for two thousand years, as it is 
mentioned by most of the early writers on plants. De Serres, the seven- 
teenth century French botanist, states that it was brought into France 
from Italy just prior to his time, and it no doubt was taken to England 
shortly afterward. 

No. 60 — Crosby's Egyptian 

Days to Maturity, 45. Originated by Mr. Josiah Crosby, a New 
England market gardener. After years of selection from the older 
Egyptian Beet, it was introduced in 1893 by Schlegel & Fottler 
and by Rawson. Four years later it was still listed as a novelty by 
Johnson & Stokes. Crosby's Egyptian is, perhaps, the most largely 
used beet for the early season operations by all classes of planters. 
The top is small, the root is turnip shaped, of fine quality, deep 
blood-red color and develops rapidly. For all general purposes, 
it will prove more satisfactory than Early Flat Egyptian, inasmuch 
as it will be in condition for use just as early and will not become 
woody and tasteless so quickly. It may be sown outside as late as 
July. However, for late summer planting we would advise New 
Century. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, H lb. 45c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 

No. 64 — Early Eclipse 

Days to Maturity, 50. Introduced by Gregory in 1880. Early 
Eclipse is now one of the established early varieties. The root is 
round, slightly top-shaped, bright red in color and about two and 
one-quarter inches in diameter. The interior color is bright red, 
zoned with pinkish white. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, 34 lb. 45c, 1 lb. 
$1.25, postpaid. 


No. 67 — Crimson Globe 

Days to Maturity, 50. An old standard variety the origin of 
which cannot be specifically determined. The beet is globe shaped 
with a slender tap root. The zones are close together and the 
texture of the flesh fine. Interior color is dark crimson. In flavor 
the beet is excellent. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, ]4 lb. 45c, 1 lb. $1.25, 


(Natural Size) 

No. 62— Early Flat 

Days to Maturity, 45. First listed 
by Gregory in 1874. This is the old 
original type of Egyptian Beet as known 
in this country, and as the parent of 
Crosby's Egyptian it has some similar 
characteristics, but must not be con- 
fused with it. Early Flat Egyptian is 
the best forcing beet under cultivation. 
The roots are flatter and smaller than 
the Crosby, but will not Temain in an 
edible condition after maturity as long. 
The color is a very dark red, the in- 
terior dark blood-red, zoned with a 
lighter shade. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, H lb. 
45c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 

No. 66— Detroit Dark Red 

Days to Maturity, 45. Introduced 
by Ferry in 1892, and now one of the 
most universally planted varieties for 
all purposes. The shape of Detroit 
Dark Red is almost globe, as will be 
seen in the illustration. As one-third 
of the root grows above ground a some- 
what rough texture develops on the 
surface of the beet thus exposed. In 
spite of this, the variety is extensively 
grown as a home and commercial 
garden sort and for use by canners. 
Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, M lb. 45c, 1 lb. 
$1.25, postpaid. 


(Natural Size) 

See our market gardeners' list for wholesale prices 


Outline Chart Illustrating Beet Types and Their Relation to Ground Line. Scale is about 1/3. 






No. 68— Edmand's Early Blood 

Days to Maturity, 50. A well established medium early variety. 
The root is turnip shaped, dark blood red in color, with lighter 
red zones. The texture of the beet is not coarse, nor does it attain 
large size. The flavor is sweet and the flesh tender. Pkt. 10c, 
oz. 20c, M lb. 45c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 

No. 76— Long Smooth 

Days to Maturity, 60. One of the 
oldest English varieties, being listed in 
1826 by Sinclair & Moore and by 
Landreth. The stock we offer is from 
English sources, the photograph given 
here having been taken on Windermoor 
Farm. Long Smooth Blood is recom- 
mended for fall and winter use. It will 
develop to at least six inches in length, and is of excel- 
lent quality. The color is a rich blood-red with no 
contrasting zone colors. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, lb. 45c, 
1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 

EGYPTIAN (x 3/4) 

No. 72 — Windermoor Half -Long 

Days to Maturity, 60. The half-long beet was 
apparently first introduced by E. J. Evans in 1871. 
In all these years there has not been an established 
trade name developed. Because of the work we have 
done on this variety here on Windermoor Farm, we 
call our strain Windermoor Half-Long. As com- 
pared with New Century, this variety is not recom- 
mended for the home garden planter. For com- 
mercial growers, who question their ability to sell 
the New Century on account of the rougher char- 
acter of the root, we recommend Windermoor Half- 
Long, especially as a late variety. The root is about 
three and one-half inches in diameter when mature, 
deep red color, very smooth, and uniform. The 
interior is rich red, zoned with a fighter red, and 
the quality is good. Pkt. 5c, oz. 15c, lb. 40c, 
1 lb. $1.00, postpaid. 

ECLIPSE (x 3/5) 

For early beets plant Crosby. For late, plant New Century 




HISTORY — Often regarded as a 
form of B. vulgaris. Chard is of 
ancient cultivation, having come origi- 
nally from the Canary Islands, the 
Mediterranean Region and Western 
Temperate Asia. It has been under 
cultivation for from two thousand to 
four thousand years. The broad flat- 
ribbed form of chard is of more modern 

Giant Lucullus 

One of the most satisfactory vari- 
eties for home or commercial 
cultivation. As shown in the 
illustration it will attain a height 
of about fifteen inches. Cultivation 
of chard is quite simple under 
normal conditions and we highly 
recommend it for every home 
garden. The strain we offer is 
broad stemmed with beautiful 
yellowish-green leaves, highly at- 
tractive and of the finest quality. 
Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, 34 lb. 45c, 1 lb. 
$1.25, postpaid. 

No. 74. New Century. Days to 
Maturity, 55. It may be allowed 
a much longer growth, however, if 
time permits. Originated by Mr. I. 
N. Glick, of Lancaster County, Penn- 
sylvania, about 1906, and offered by 
Walter P. Stokes in 1913. After care- 
ful studies of trial, ground tests, we 
are convinced that the following vari- 
eties are merely a renaming of the 
original New Century: "Rajah," by 
Childs; "Winter Keeper," by Stumpp 
& Walter; "Green Top," by Holmes- 
Leatherman; "All Seasons," by Harris; 
"Green Leaved Winter Table," by 
Schell. "White Top Blood Turnip," 
by Holmes, seems quite similar, but 
perhaps a different strain. We claim for this beet that it is the sweetest 
in flavor in all stages of growth, that its top is more delicious to eat as a 
green than either spinach or Swiss chard, and that the root may be kept 
throughout the winter if properly stored as per suggestions below. Matur- 
ing two weeks after the Crosby's Egyptian, for all operations where the 
actual quality of the beet is the chief consideration, there is no reason why 
New Century should not take the place of all our later sorts once it is duly 
appreciated. The beet has not a woody fibre, no matter what size it at- 
tains, and our records go up to 29}^ pounds. The soft, greenish-white top 
distinguishes this variety from all others, and the delicious tender greens 
will prove to be of superior eating quality. For this purpose we recom- 
mend cutting the blade away from the stalk so as to use only the tender 
part of the leaf. 

New Century should be planted two or three times during the season. 
The first planting in April, the next in May and the last in June. The 
June planting will produce roots which, may be stored for winter in a pit 
one foot below the ground (out of danger of frost), or in a cellar covered 
over with soil. For either method of storing, it is best to cut off the tops. 
To the market gardeners who sell their product direct to the consumer 
we cannot recommend this beet too highly, for buyers will return for it 
time after time, once its unusually fine qualities are made known. If it 
is grown properly, taken to market in a bright, fresh condition, there is 
little question that it will make its own reputation. The top is slightly 
large as a bunching variety, but enough of it should be kept on so that the 
consumer may recognize the beet. We would recommend also the sale of 
the beet greens. The stock which we offer is still being grown for 
us by the originator, thus assuring purity of stock in accordance with the 

NEW CENTURY (x 1/3) 

ideal type as first established, 

Pkt. 20c, oz. 35c, 14 lb. $1.00, 1 lb. $3.50, 

Mangel Beet and Sugar Beet — See page 96 

Beet plants are grown on Windermoor Farm 



(Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera) 

No 95 — Long Island Improved 

A vegetable botanically belonging to the Brassica group, 
which is a native of the British Isles and the west channel 
coast of Europe. It is a vegetable which has been under 
cultivation for several hundred years. It is grown for the 
globular buds or sprouts produced along the stout upright 
stem. The plant while in its seedling stage closely re- 
sembles ordinary cabbage. The axillary buds instead of 
remaining dormant as in the case of common cabbage, 
develop into miniature heads very similar to the cabbage, 
being about one inch in diameter. Several varieties of 
Brussels Sprouts are offered by the trade, but there is only 
one general type. It is more a matter of the perfection of 
the seed stock and of the culture than of actual difference 
in variety. The chief variations are in length of stalk and 
in the manner in which the sprouts are distributed along 
the stalk. Our strain having been grown on Long Island, 
is sold under the name of Long Island Improved, this 
being a common varietal trade name in this country. The 
hand labor involved in gathering the sprouts and in pre- 
paring them for market is, perhaps, partially responsible 
for their comparative unpopularity. They form a delicious 
vegetable, however, and we strongly urge all classes of our 
customers to consider their cultivation in a larger way. 

The culture of the vegetable is very similar to that of late 
cabbage. Care should be taken to break down the lower 
leaves in the early fall, in order that the small heads will 
have more room to grow. Pkt. 10c, oz. 40c, \i lb. $1.40, 
1 lb. $5.00, postpaid. 





A native of Eastern temperate Europe and Western Asia, having been cultivated, 
probably for less than two thousand years. The root of this plant is the well-known 
condiment to be used with roast beef and oysters. The root is perennial, the out- 
side being a yellowish white color and the inside a pure white. The consumption 
of horseradish is annually increasing and great attention is being paid to its cultiva- 
tion every year. The season for fresh-grated horseradish runs almost parallel with 
oysters, with which the roots are frequently eaten. The ungrated roots are often 
kept in cold storage for summer use inasmuch as roots dug at that season have an 
unpleasant taste. Horseradish will do well in almost any soil, except the lightest 
sand and the heaviest clay. This plant rarely produces seed, therefore cuttings 
are made from the roots when not less than one-quarter inch thick and about five 
inches in length. Horseradish makes its best growth in the cool of the autumn and 
steadily improves after September. Light frosts do not hurt it and it is not usually 
stored in pits until rather late. Storage in pits for horseradish is better than in 
cellars. The marketable crop of horseradish varies from three to six thousand 
pounds per acre and may be sometimes sold as high as five cents per pound for the 
best roots and two and one-half cents per pound for second grade. 50 roots $1.00, 
100 roots $1.75, postpaid. 


Horseradish is easily grown from our roots 



{Brassica oleracea. Var. capitata) 

HISTORY— Undoubtedly 
the entire Brassica group 
can be traced to the wild 
Cabbage, Brassica oleracea, 
wh ich grows wild on the sea 
cliffs of the English Channel 
arid the Western European 
Coast. The Roman name 
Brassica is supposed to 
have come from the word 
Praeseco because it was cut 
off from the stalk, the word 
Cabbage referring to the 
firm head or ball which is 
formed by the leaves. The 
Cabbage is one of the vege- 
tables which has been culti- 
vated from the earliest times. 
To quote Vilmorin, "The 
ancients were well ac- 
quainted with it and cer- 
tainly possessed several va- 
rieties of the head-forming 
kind. The great antiquity 
of its culture may be in- 
ferred from the immense 
number of varieties which 
are now in existence." A 
more wonderful example of 
a genus producing so many 
early jersey Wakefield distinct forms of vegetation 

(x 1/3) for the use of man is scarcely 

to be met with throughout the range of the vegetable kingdom. The leaves 
of this plant were probably eaten by the barbarous or half civilized 
tribes of Europe and when history begins the plant had been transferred 
to cultivated grounds and produced heads. It appears to have been in 
general use before the Aryan Migration, 1700 B. C, and in the time of 
Goto and Pliny many distinct varieties were known in Rome. The 
Roman armies have the credit for disseminating it over Northern Europe. 
Cromwell's soldiers introduced it into Scotland. While England is 
considered the real home of the Brassica family, there are many varieties 
which are considered peculiarly American. These, however, have only 
been made so after long years of selection work on the original French 
and English sorts. 

No. 101— Early Etampes 

Days to Maturity, 85. Originated by Vilmorin, Andrieux & Co., 
Paris, France and introduced by Johnson & Stokes about 1886 as 
Johnson & Stokes' Earliest, later as Stokes' Earliest. It is fully a 
week earlier than Early Jersey Wakefield which makes it desirable 
for early market purposes. The head is conical in shape, of excellent 
quality, but not quite as large as Jersey Wakefield. Pkt. 10c, oz. 
35c, H lb. SI. 00, lb. $3.65, postpaid. 

No. 108— Copenhagen 

Days to Maturity, 95. A cab- 
bage of Danish origin, being a 
hybrid between Danish Summer 
Ballhead and a North European 
variety introduced by Hjalmar 
Hartmann & Co., of Copenhagen 
in 1909 and offered in America in 
1912. In the few years that this 
cabbage has been on the market 
it has earned an enviable position, 
both commercially and privately. 
The head will be almost perfectly 
round, hard, solid, and the fact 
that it is as early as Charleston 
Wakefield almost places it in a 
class by itself. The tonnage per 
acre will be far ahead of any sorts 
in its class. We do not advise it 
for fall sowing in the North, but 
as a spring variety we know of 
no rival. Pkt. 15c, oz. 45c, 14 
lb. $1.35, lb. $4.75, postpaid. 


No. 100 — Earlyyersey Wakefield 

Days to Maturity, 90. Originally brought from Xew'Jersey to 
Long Island by Francis Brill in 1S71, and introduced by Henderson 
about 1870. This variety is from five to seven days later than 
Etampes, but the head is considerably larger and much more solid. 
Where earliness is the chief object we recommend Etampes, but it 
should be followed by Jersey Wakefield for the main early crop. The 
head of Jersey Wakefield is very solid, comparatively small and 
r unnin g to rather a small point at the top. The quality is excellent 
but, as is the case with most quick maturing vegetables, it will not 
hold long after attaining its growth and is likely to break open after 
about two weeks. The strain offered is highly recommended. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 35c, M lb. $1.00, lb. $3.65, postpaid. 

No. 103— Early Winnigstadt 

Days to Maturity, 100. Offeredjby Gregory in 1866. This is a 
compact, sharply pointed cabbage, which, because of the texture of 
its outer leaves, is less likely to suffer from disease and insects than 
some other varieties. It is sometimes planted for winter use and is 
especially recommended for kraut. While there is considerable 
demand still for this cabbage, it has been largely outplaced by 
Charleston Wakefield and bv Copenhagen Market. Pkt. 10c, oz. 
35c, \i lb. $1.00, lb. $3.65," postpaid. 


(x 1/3) 

No. 102— Charleston or Large Wakefield 

Days to Maturity, 95. A selection of the large heads from Early 
Jersey Wakefield, made by Mr. Francis Brill and Mr. J. M. Lupton 
in 1880. The product of this selection was sold to F. W. Bolgiano 
in 1880 and he offered it under the name of Large Wakefield. Hen- 
derson secured a stock very shortly after and his stock was offered 
as Charleston Wakefield, thus the double name which is still common 
amongst the trade. The head of Charleston is considerably larger 
than Early Jersey Wakefield and for this reason is more usually 
grown for commercial purposes than the latter. The five extra 
days before it reaches maturity are in no way a handicap. Given 
the same number of days, Charleston Wakefield will produce a 
larger head than Early Jersey Wakefield. The general shape of the 
head is thicker through and not so sharply pointed. Pkt. 10c, oz. 
35c, Y± lb. $1.00, lb. $3.65, postpaid. 


Copenhagen Market has a place in every garden 



No. 117— Early Flat Dutch 

Days to Maturity, 110. Listed by N. M. & Co., in 1847. One of 
the oldest types grown in this country. Plant is short-stemmed, 
upright, with few outer leaves; consequently the rows can be set 
close together. This in itself recommends it as a home garden 
variety. The heads are round but flattened, very solid and uniform. 
Pkt. 10c, oz. 35c, M lb. $1.00, lb. $3.65, postpaid. 

No. 124 — Henderson's Early Summer 

Days to Maturity, 110. This variety for a great many years was 
known as Newark Early Flat Dutch. Special selection work was 
done on it and it was put out by Henderson as Henderson's Early 
Summer in 1874. The heads are large, solid, flat and of excellent 
quality. Its color is a bluish green. Pkt. 10c, oz. 35c, % lb. $1.00, 
lb. $3.65, postpaid. 

No. 115— All Head Early 

Days to Maturity, 105. All Head Early was a 
selection made personally by the late Mr. 
Burpee in 1888 from a field of Henderson's 
Succession, which was being grown on the farm 
of Mr. J. M. Lupton, Mattituck, Long Island. 
It was thus named and introduced by Burpee 
in 1891. Of the flat types of cabbage, this we 
believe to be the earliest. It has a very deep 
set head, which increases the 'tonnage per acre 
very appreciably. As a second early home 
garden variety, it is highly recommended and 
may also be used for storage in winter by plant- 
ing later in the season. Pkt. 10c, oz. 35c, 
lb. $1.00, lb. $3.65, postpaid. 



No. 133— Volga 

Days to Maturity, 115. A Russian cabbage for a great many 
years known as Bulgarian Early Round and the name Volga was 
given it in later years by Mr. C. L. Allen, a Long Island grower. 
The heads are round, compact, light grayish green and will average 
ten inches in diameter. Volga is not only a successful winter keeper 
but as a spring cabbage for Southern planting, has been known to 
give excellent results. Pkt. 10c, oz. 35c, \i lb. $1.00, 1 lb. $3.65, 

No. 134 — Glory of Enkhuizen 

Days to Maturity, 100. A Holland cabbage introduced by Messrs. 
Sluis & Groot, 1896 and brought to this country shortly afterward. 
Glory of Enkhuisen is slightly smaller than Copenhagen Market 
and slightly later. However, the fact that it is a very good keeper 
will no doubt always give it a place amongst American varieties. 
The head is slightly elongated, although nearly round, solid and of 
excellent quality. As will be seen in the illustration, the crisp 
tender leaves of Glory of Enkhuizen will sometimes be slightly 
curled and twisted and this will be found typical of all true stocks 
of this variety. Pkt. 10c, oz. 35c, M lb. $1.00, 1 lb. $3.65, postpaid. 


Safe delivery is guaranteed on cabbage plants. See page 75. 



No. 139— Mammoth Rock Red 

Days to Maturity, 120. Grown on Long Island prior to its introduction by 
Ferry in 1889. A red cabbage with a very solid head of good quality and 
size. It is a variety very often used for pickling purposes and may be recom- 

mended as sure-heading, 

Pkt. 10c, oz. 35c, yi lb. $1.00, 1 lb. $3.65, post- 

No. 140 — Red Danish Stonehead 

Days to Maturity, 120. A Danish cabbage very similar to Danish Ballhead 
except for its red color. The Red Dutch as listed by Landreth in 1826 is not 
thought to have been the same cabbage. Johnson & Stokes have the credit 
for having been the first to introduce Red Danish Stonehead in this country. 
This was about 1900. This cabbage is almost identical in every respect with 
Danish Ballhead except in its color. The head is very solid and the rich 
red color extends farther into the center of the head. True seed of this variety 
is difficult to obtain and in price outclasses all others. However, the quality 
of the cabbage far more than evens up the difference in price. Pkt. 20c, oz. 
65c, M lb. $1.75, 1 lb. $5.50, postpaid. 

No. 120 — Succession 

Days to Maturity, 110. Introduced by Henderson in 
1888. A variety remarkable for its resistance to hot 
sun and dry weather. The fact that it remains two or 
three weeks without breaking also recommends it as an 
important variety. It may be sown either as a late cab- 
bage or for fall use. The heads are round but slightly 
flattened. Pkt. 5c, oz. 25c, M lb. 85c, 1 lb. $3.25, 

No. 130— Late Flat Dutch 

Days to Maturity, 120. A Dutch cabbage frequently 
listed as Premium Flat Dutch. It has a large-sized, hard 
head, slightly rounded. For many years very popular 
with market gardeners on account of its high yielding 
qualities. Pkt. 10c, oz. 35c, M lb. $1.00, 1 lb. $3.65, 


No. 127— Danish Ballhead 



Days to Maturity, 120. A variety of Danish origin listed 
by Johnson & Stokes in 1889 as Danish Ballhead. The 
fact that in 1897 a cabbage known as Hollander or German 
Export was offered by Johnson & Stokes seems to prove 
that this was a variety widely known and cultivated over 
Northern Europe. At the present time the names Danish 
Ballhead and Hollander are synonymous. This variety is 
now considered the standard cabbage for storage purposes 
and thousands of acres are grown in our northern states. 
The head is nearly round, solid, and of good quality. Its 
adaptability to soil conditions has no doubt added to its 
popularity. There are three different strains of 
Danish Ballhead, Long Stem, Medium Stem and 
Short Stem, the latter often being known as Danish 
Roundhead. In order to simplify matters with our 
trade, we have held to the original name of Danish 
Ballhead and used cabbage of the medium stem 
type. Pkt. 15c, oz. 45c, ^lb. $1.35, 1 lb. $4.75. 

No. 135 — American Savoy 

Days to Maturity, 110. An extremely old 
type, probably originating in England. Savoy 
cabbage was offered by Robert Sinclair, Jr., & 
Co., Baltimore, in 1839, along with twenty- 
three other varieties. The stock we offer will 
prove to be true, the wrinkled savoyed leaves 
being uniform and of a deep green color. Market 
gardeners will find our stock dependable. Pkt. 
15c, oz. 45c, y x lb. $1.35, 1 lb. $4.75, postpaid. 


See our market gardeners' wholesale list, pages 97-98 




Petsai or Chinese Cabbage 

Although of the genus Brassica, Petsai is not of the cabbage family. Strictly speaking, it is a 
mustard. Petsai has been grown in China for forty centuries, where, up until very lately, their farm 
labor cost $21.00 a year. Being one of the most important vegetables of that country, this in itself 
testifies as to economy in production. There are many varying types. Records show that it was 
brought to America shortly after 1850. The lamented plant explorer, Meyer, was responsible for 
bringing several distinct varities of Petsai to America. Thorburn was the first to introduce it 
commercially in 1885. For twenty years it was offered by probably less than a dozen seedsmen. At the 
present nearly all the seedsmen in America list it. The name Petsai is not varietal. As was the case 
with many vegetables introduced into this country in the early days, no distinct varieties were offered. 
At the present time, perhaps five are known commercially. We list the two which we believe are the 
most desirable at the present time, viz., Shantung and Wong Bok. As a salad to be served with 
mayonnaise or French dressing, we emphatically urge its more general use. It may also be cooked 
in the same manner as spinach or Swiss chard, giving a dish which resembles cabbage in appearance, 
but tasting somewhat like Brussels sprouts. It is not only more nutritious than lettuce but is a 
better keeper and is far cheaper to grow. Mr. Charles F. Seabrook, General Manager of the Seabrook 
Farms Company, the largest vegetable growing organization in this country, claims that Petsai 
can be grown and marketed for one-half the cost of lettuce. The spirit of the times in this country 
is surely lining up on the side of economy and there is every reason for believing that Chinese Cabbage 
or Petsai will be in more and more general demand by the American consumers. The last twenty 
years have given us the grapefruit, the avocado, the ripe olive, the casaba melon, French endive 
(chicory) and many other table dishes entirely new to this country. Petsai may be grown success- 
fully in practically every part of the United States and it is only a question of developing the markets, 
and this alone is the only drawback to its more speedy adoption. To quote Dr. Fairchild in the 
"Journal of Heredity", November, 1918, "In the Chinese Petsai we have a rival of the lettuce in 
so far as any vegetable can rival another. It deserves at least to be given the serious consideration 
of Americans as a supplement of lettuce. It can be produced for about half the money. It can be 
grown everywhere throughout the country. It is a better keeper than lettuce and, pound for pound, 
contains much more nutritive substance. Furthermore, in appearance it is more attractive." 

No. 142. Petsai Shantung. 18 inches tall. 

No. 144. Petsai Wong Bok. 12 inches tall. Price of either variety. Pkt. 15c, oz. 45c, 
M lb. $1.35, lb. $4.75, postpaid. 

PETSAI AND LETTUCE COMPARED — Above is shown a head of lettuce at the left and a head of petsai at the right. Below is lettuce salad at the 
left, petsai at the right. 

— Courtesy of U. S. Department of Agriculture, through the American Genetic Association. 


A row of Petsai will be valuable in any garden 



(Daucus carota) 

HISTORY — A native of Europe, ■probably the British Isles. The 
horticultural improvement of the species is credited to Holland; from 
thence it was introduced into English gardens during the reign of Queen 
Elizabeth. Theophrastus, the Greek, and Pliny both speak of a carrot, 
but there seems some question as to whether our common garden carrot 
was*known before the Fifteenth Century. Most American varieties of 
carrot originated in France. Eastern market gardeners, however, have 
developed strains which now hold a prominent place in this country. 

No. 151 — French Forcing 

Days to Maturity, 50. Also known as Earliest Short Horn. 
The roots are small and very nearly round in shape, while the tops 
are small. The interior is dark orange in color. This variety is 
excellent for forcing. Our strain is grown for us in France. Pkt. 10c, 
oz. 25c, M lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

CHANTENAY (x 2/3) 

No. 150— Early Scarlet Horn 

Days to Maturity, 55. First listed by Hovey & Co., Boston., in 
1834. A variety long in general use as a forcing carrot and for out- 
door cultivation in the early spring. As is the case with other quick- 
growing root crops, it quickly passes the edible stage, and, there- 
fore, must be gathered immediately on maturity. The roots will 
attain a length of about three inches. They are reddish orange in 
color, and the tops are small. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, lb. 50c, 1 lb. 
$1.50, postpaid. 

No. 152 — Chantenay 

Days to Maturity, 65. This French variety was introduced by 
Vilmorin, Andrieux & Co., of Paris, and first listed in this country 
by Ferry in 1889. Chantenay may be considered the standard 
carrot for all general purposes. It is nearly two weeks earlier than 
Danvers Half-Long, and is slightly shorter and more stump-rooted 


ihan that variety. Its average length will be four and one-half 
i. ches, tapering slightly from well-set shoulders. The surface is 
:: joth and a deep orange color, the flesh very crisp and tender, 
u much desired sort where quality is considered. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c. 
V A !b. 50c, A lb. S1.50, postpaid. 

No. 154 — Danvers Half-Long 

Days to Maturity, 80. A variety developed near Danvers, 
Massachusetts, and first listed by Gregory in 1877. Danvers Half- 
Long is a second early carrot, which i« adaptable to varying soil 
conditions. It differs from the Chantenay in that it is perhaps two 
weeks later in reaching maturity, and will average five and one- 
half inches in length, tapering to a blunt point. The average diam- 
eter of the root is slightly smaller than Chantenay. The color 
is a rich, deep orange, and the quality of the roots is excellent. 
Danvers Half-Long is a very desirable carrot for stock purposes, 
inasmuch as it will produce a large tonnage per acre. Pkt. 10c, oz. 
20c, \i lb. 50c, 1 lb. $1.50, postpaid. 



For the varieties best suited to your requirements see page 3 


No. 158 
Long Orange 

Days to Maturity, 78. 
Listed under this name by 
W. Atlee Burpee Co., in 1881, 
as an improvement over the 
original Long Orange, a vari- 
ety now no longer used. The 
strain is slightly earlier than 
either Danvers Half-Long or 
the old Long Orange type. 
The color is a deep golden 
yellow, even in the early 
stages of its growth, shading 
to a deep orange red when 
fully grown. The surface of 
the root is very smooth over 
its entire length, which will 
average over seven inches. 
This variety is particularly 
recommended for light, well- 
tilled soil, and care should 
be taken to prepare the 
ground deeper than for any 
of the other varieties that we 
offer. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, 
U lb. 50c, 1 lb. $1.50, post- 

Several varieties were tried 
out for stock purposes, and 
while some of the Belgian 
sorts have a longer growing 
season the Chantenay, Dan- 
vers Half-long, and Oxheart have proved to be the best suited to 
general culture. The Chantenay is easily the favorite, since it gives 
a half long carrot that is easy to handle and produces well." Cul- 
ture of Carrots," by .W. S. Thornbrer, State College of Washington. 


No. 156 
Oxheart or 

Days to Matur- 
ity, 80. A variety 
introduced by Vil- 
morin, of Paris. 
Listed as Oxheart 
by Burpee in 1884 
and as Guerande 
by Ferry in 1885. 
Apparently it was 
known under both 
names in France. 
The tops of this 
carrot are compar- 
atively small. The 
roots will attain a 
length of about 
three and one-half 
inches, and at the 
thickest point will 
average at least 
three inches in di- 
ameter. It is a very 
desirable variety for 
hard, stiff soils, be- 
cause of the ease 
with which it may be harvested. The flesh is a deep orange and 
of splendid quality when pulled during the earlier stages of growth. 
Oxheart is often grown for stock purposes, and will produce per- 
haps more tons to the acre than any variety we now list. Pkt. 5c, 
oz. 20c, M lb. 50c, 1 lb. $1.50, postpaid. 

The value of root crops on the average American farm is only 
slightly appreciated as compared with the root crops of many 
European farms. This is due in part to the labor problem and in 
part to the lack of the knowledge of how easy it is to produce an 
abundance of feed for certain kinds of live Mock at a minimum cost. 




HISTORY — Probably a native of Asia. Our garden rhubarb must not centuries, 
be confused with the ancient drug under the same name which was 
called Rhabarbarum by the Greeks. The name is taken from the river 
Rha, on the banks of which some of the finest rhubarb was reputed to 

grow. This river is now called the 
Volga. The last three syllables, 
barbarum, can be accounted for 
from the fact that much of the 
ancient drug was brought to 
Barbary before being sent to the 
other countries. The ancient drug 
trade was of the greatest import- 
ance and antiquity, very often 
being the object of entire caravans 
over the long continental routes. 
It is mentioned in the Chinese 
Herbal, Pen-King, believed to date 
from 2700 B. C. The rhubarb of 
our gardens, according to Vil- 
morin, is that referred to by 
botanists as Rheum hybridum, a 
native of Mongolia. However, he 
states it is not impossible that some 
of the varieties of this species may 
have sprung either directly or as a 
result of crossing from the Rheum 
Undullatum of North America. 
Rhubarb was not grown as a vege- 
RHUBARB table extensively until the last few 

. It was first cultivated in England by Dr. Fathergill in 
1778, but was not brought into general use as a vegetable until several 
years after. Vilmorin claims five distinct varieties, which in itself stamps 
as ridiculous the custom of American seedsmen, who at the present time 
list rhubarb under 86 varietal names. There is considerable question 
with rhubarb as with asparagus if there is such a thing as variety, for 
it is largely a matter merely of individual strains. 

Rhubarb is proving to be a very profitable crop for a great many 
market gardeners. Victoria is a verry common name. We are, at 
present, able to offer both roots and seed, all of selected strain and 
we offer them with every confidence that they will bring good 
results either for outdoor planting or for winter forcing, in which 
case roots should be frozen once or twice, either artificially in 
cold storage or under natural conditions and then placed in a damp 
cellar, covering them with earth and watering frequently. J or 
outdoor sowing Rhubarb should be sown in a shallow drill, one 
ounce of seed to 100 feet of row, and later thin to 10 to 12 mches m 
the row and keep well cultivated. Stalks should not be cut until 
the plants have had a full season's growth. The use of roots, how- 
ever, will very often produce strong, better-yielding stalks than 
seed the following spring, for it is better to allow stalks grown from 
seed an extra year of growth before cutting. 

A bed of Rhubarb should be in every garden— it is a permanent 

No. 1660 Victoria. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, H lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.50, 

Roots. Per doz. $1.50, per 25 $2.75, postpaid. 


Do not plant Improved Long Orange until soil is prepared to a depth of ten inches 



(Brassica oleracea, var. botrytis) 


HISTORY — A native of Europe and West Asia, having been under 
cultivation sometime before the Christian Era. It apparently was well 
known to the Greeks and Romans, at least in its cruder form. It is not 
until more recent times that the vegetable has been refined to its present 
condition. Pickering slates that cauliflower was first mentioned in 540 
B. C. Hehn, a German writer, states that true cauliflower is of Eastern 
origin and came to Europe via Venice and Antwerp. The Moors of 
Spain are said to have written about it in the twelfth century, having 
received it about that lime from Syria. On its first introduction to West 
Europe it was railed cabbage of Cyprus, probably referring to the place 
where the seed was grown. Cauliflower at the present time is annually 
being produced in larger quantities, Long Island, Louisiana and Cali- 
fornia being the main centers of production. Our best seed comes from 

No. 172— Early Dwarf Erfurt 

Dats to Maturity, 100. First listed as Earliest Dwarf Erfurt in 
this country by B. K. Bliss in 1866. For a number of years this 
variety was offered under the name of Alabaster by Johnson & Stokes. 

This is one of the three equally popular varieties which we offer, the 
seed of which is imported annually fiom Denmark. It is quite similar 
to Earliest Snowball, but will mature about one week later than that 
variety, and where the early market is not a consideration we would, 
perhaps, advise it in prefeience to Snowball. It is of dwarf growth 
and when protected the inside head will develop into a pure white 
color. Pkt. 25c, oz. $2.50, \i lb. $8.00, 1 lb. $30.00, postpaid. 

No. 174 — Danish Dry Weather 

Days to Maturity, 110. Introduced under this name by Burpee 
in 1899. Apparently there is little difference between this variety 
and Danish (jiant, which is often used as a synonym. The name 
Danish Dry Weather was given it because of its adaptability to hot, 
dry growing conditions. It will very often prove successful in cases 
where all other varities fail and we would especially recommend it for 
plantations inland more than two hundred miles from the seacoasts. 
Pkt. 35c, oz. $2.75, % lb. $8.50, 1 lb. $35.00, postpaid. 


See page 75 for strong cauliflower plants 



Golden Self -Blanching (x 1/2) 

No. 170— Earliest Snowball 

Days to Maturity, 95. Introduced by Henderson in 1878. With- 
out question, Snowball is the earliest Cauliflower under cultivation 
and being a sure heading variety, it is well adapted for home culti- 
vation and commercial purposes both in the greenhouse and out- 
doors. A large proportion of the Cauliflower on the commercial 
markets today is of this variety. The plant is very compact with 
few short outside leaves, thus allowing more plants to the acre 
than some other varieties. The heads when blanched are pure 
white and of standard market size, being very solid in structure. 
The seed of this variety, as with the others, is obtained from most 
reliable sources in Denmark, which years of experience have proven 
to be trustworthy. Pkt. 25c, oz. $2.50, % lb. $8.00, 1 lb. $30,00, 


(Apium graveolens) 

HISTORY — Of European origin. Ancient writers give no definite 
information of this vegetable, and it seems doubtful whether celery was 
cultivated until some time after the Middle Ages. Until long after the 
fall of Rome it was not freely distinguished from parsley. Homer 
mentions Selinon in the Odyssey, but this is thought to refer to a wild 
form of celery. In 1629 A. D. Parkinson states that "sellery is a rarity 
in England," and apparently celery as we know it was not a common 
vegetable in Europe until after 1800. 

No. 190— Golden Self -Blanching 

Days to Maturity, 120. Originated by Vilmorin, Andrieux & Co., 
and introduced by Johnson & Stokes and by Burpee in 1884. A 
variety which for thirty-five years has held its place as one of the 
greatest importance to celery growers. It is an early maturing 
sort, with good keeping qualities, holding well after Thanksgiving 
Day. The stalk is vigorous, with large ribs, closely set. The general 
size of the plant may be described as large, and in general makeup 
it is stocky and robust. It is entirely self-blanching, without any 
banking up or covering whatever. The heart is a beautiful golden 
yellow, and is of splendid quality. We sell proven stock only, and 
our strain may be relied upon to give satisfactory results. Pkt. 
25c, oz. $1.25, H lb. $5.00, 1 lb. $20.00, postpaid. 


For market gardeners' wholesale list, see pages 97-98 


WHITE PLUME (x 1/4) 

No. 194 — Meisch's Easy 


Days to Maturity, 120. Introduced by 
Henderson in 1913. Our strain was 
originated by Mr. Sebastian Meisch, of 
Secaucus, New Jersey, and offered by 
Stokes Seed Farms Company under the 
name of Meisch's Easy Blanching in 
1916. Sojfar as we know, Mr. Meisch 
made the first permanent selection of a 
celery of the green self-blanching type 
out of the Golden Self-Blanching. There 
have been a great many synonyms given 
the varieties, including Sanford, Newark 
Market, Easy Blanching, etc., etc. This 
again affords an excellent illustration 
showing the necessity for some means of 
standardizing varietal names. Meisch's 
Easy Blanching will mature just after 
the Golden Self-Blanching has been 
harvested. The general color is pale green, 
with a slight yellowish tinge, which gives 
it a blanched appearance. The inner 
stalk, at a very early stage of growth, 
blanches to a rich golden yellow, so that 
the usual banking work is eliminated. If 
stored properly, this variety will keep all 
winter without difficulty. Pkt. 25c, oz. 
$1.25, % lb. $5.00, 1 lb. $20.00, postp'd. 

No. 192— White Plume, Nofault 

Days to Maturity, 120. Introduced by Hen- 
derson in 1884. The Nofault strain was first 
offered by Walter P. Stokes in 1911, and is con- 
siderably larger than the old standard White 
Plume. This celery is primarily for the early mar- 
kets, but not recommended for home garden 
planting. It has a beautiful appearance, but is of 
rather poor eating qualities. It is much more 
slender in general growth and form than the 
Golden Self-Blanching. The leaves are light 
green, shaded to nearly white at the tips, and as 
the plants mature the inner stems and leaves 
bleach white. In order to give it the very best 
appearance the plants should be artificially 
bleached before being offered for sale. The quick- 
growing habit does not add to its edible or storage 
qualities and it should be grown with this in 
view. Pkt. 10c, oz. 50c, \i lb. $1.25, 1 lb. $4.00, 



Read descriptions carefully before ordering. Every variety has a place 

No. 195— Columbia 

Days to Maturity, 130. Introduced by Ferry in 1906. Columbia 
is an early maturing celery, resembling Golden Self-Blanching in 
many particulars. The round, thick stalks are of the Pascal type, 
and when properly blanched, the heart is a beautiful light golden 
yellow. It will mature soon after Golden Self-Blanching, and is 

recommended for all purposes. 
1 lb. $6.00, postpaid. 

Pkt. 10c, oz. 60c, y± lb. $1.75, 

No. 197— Pink Plume 

Days to Maturity, 135. Listed by Henderson 1894. A standard 
English variety, which we recommend above all others as a home 
garden sort for winter storage. Without question it has the finest 
flavor of any celery we offer, and during the several years that we 
have listed it under the name of Prize Pink, our customers have 
been able to prove the truth of this statement. This celery is not a 
good shipper, but where quality alone counts, and for the home 
garden or for nearby markets, we known of no other variety; of 
celery that equals Pink Plume. The stalks will blanch to almost 
white, but there is always a trace of red, making them highly at- 
tractive. They are long and slender, very brittle and extremely 
to be desired. Pkt. 10c, oz. 60c, \i lb. $1.75, 1 lb. $6.00, postpaid. 

PINK PLUME (x 1/4) 

No. 204 — Celeriac. Giant Prague 

Days to Maturity, 140. Turnip-Rooted Celery has been 
known in the United States for over one hundred years, 
and the variety Giant Prague is a very old one, Johnson & 
Stokes having listed it prior to 1885. The roots are 
globular in shape, comparatively smooth and of the best 
quality, averaging about two and one-half inches in 
diameter. Celeriac is a most desirable vegetable, and 
deserves wider recognition by the planters, home garden 
as well as commercial. It should receive about the same 
culture as celery, being planted in rows two feet apart 
and about six inches apart in the row. When the roots 
attain a size of from two to two and one-half inches in 
diameter, they are ready for use. Giant Prague will be 
found a good keeper if properly packed underground or 
in a dry cellar. Pkt. 10c, oz. 60c, % lb. $1.75, 1 lb. 
$6.00, postpaid. 

COLUMBIA (x 1/3) 

No. 200— Winter King 

Days to Maturity, 150. An improvement over the old Winter 
Queen, as introduced by Johnson & Stokes in 1897. It was listed 
as Winter King by Walter P. Stokes in 1914, this strain probably 
originating with Mr. W. G. Fosgate, of Santa Clara, California. 
As an early blanching green celery, ripening in good time for Thanks- 
giving and the holiday markets, we know of no better sort. If prop- 
erly stored, it will keep well all during the winter. The plants are 
characterized by robust growth, tall stalks with high joints and 
rich, light golden heart. The stock offered can be relied upon by 
the most critical celery growers. Winter King is also recommended 
for home garden purposes. Pkt. 10c, oz. 60c, Y± lb. $1.75, 1 lb. 
$6.00, postpaid. 

No. 198— Giant Pascal 

Days to Maturity, 145. Introduced simultaneously in 1890 by 
Henderson, Maule and Dreer. A standard fall and winter variety, 
but not recommended for shipment, owing to its tender stalks. 
This fact, however, recommends it highly as a home garden variety, 
or as a sort which can be used to advantage in short shipments. 
The stalk is of medium length, and blanches to a beautiful creamy 
white color, very thick and nearly round at the top but flattened 
toward the base. Pkt. 5c, oz. 50c, % lb. $1.25, 1 lb. $4.00, post- 



See page 75 for good celery plants 




HISTORY — Garden Cress (Lepidium sativum), probably a native of 
Persia, has no doubt been under cultivation from ancient times. It is 
widely diffused, different names for it existing in the Arabian, Persian, 
Albanian, Hindustani and Bengali tongues. Water Cress (Roripa 
nasturtium) is a native of Great Britain. Probably not cultivated in 
England prior to the nineteenth century; though it had been grown 
previous to that lime near Erfurt, Germany. 

No. 226— Extra Curled 

(Lepidium sativum) 
Sometimes called Pepper Grass owing to the pungent taste. One 
of the quickest germinating seeds in existence, the plants often 
showing above the ground the third day after seed is sown. If cress 
is wanted in the best condition new sowings should be made every 
few days. Sow the seed rather thickly in rows a foot apart, selecting 
good garden loam. Flea beetles have a peculiar fondness for cress 
and it should therefore be grown under glass whenever possible. 
Pkt. 5c, oz. 15c, }i lb. 60c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

No. 228— Upland 

(Barbarea praecox) 
A hearty biennial. It also grows easly. The seed sown in the open 
or under glass. The root leaves are used for garnishing and seasoning, 
but are not of the highest quality. Pkt. 5c, oz. 15c, % lb. 60c, 1 lb. 
$2.00, postpaid. 

No. 230— Water Cress 

(Roripa nasturtium) 

A hardy perennial which finds congenial conditions for develop- 
ment in ninning streams, shallow pools, etc. It will winter well 
when covered with water. Unless current is too strong, we would 
advocate sowing the seeds in the stream, being very sure that they 
are somewhat imbedded. Care should be taken that no weeds inter- 
fere with the growth. Once the bed is established it should develop 
with very little attention or care. It grows rapidly from seed or 
from freshly cut branches. Clear, running water is, of course, the 
most desirable and water cress should never be grown for edible 
purposes in water that is in any way contaminated, inasmuch as it 
has been known to carry disease germs. For this reason sources of 
supply should be investigated when cress is bought on the open 
market. Pkt. 15c, oz. 65c, \i lb. $1.50, 1 lb. $5.00, postpaid. 


A native of Europe and Asia which has been naturalized in all 
temperate countries. There are probably species which are indi- 
genous to our Rocky Mountains. The origin of the name may be 
traced to dent de lion which is French for lion's tooth referring to 
the teeth on the leaves. The Common Dandelion is very often 
collected in the spring for greens. It is the Improved Thick Leaved, 
however, that is most often cultivated. This is of French origin. 
This variety was listed by Johnson & Stokes in 1889 and is dis- 
tinguished by its thick leaves and rich dark-green color. Its growth 
is compact, forming an upright tuft in the center, and may be 
considered in every respect superior to the Common French. The 
Common French is merely a selection from the dandelion as it grows 
wild. However the stock offered is a decided improvement over 
that commonly found on lawns and along roadsides. The seed 
should be sown in the spring and the crop may be gathered the 

following spring. Usually the seeds are sown where the plants are 
to stand although transplanting may be done satisfactorily. The 
plants should be placed one foot apart each way and good crop will 
cover the land completely when a year old. Sandy or loamy soil is 
preferred. The crop is harvested and marketed like spinach. 

No. 340 — Common or French 

Pkt. 15c, oz. 60c, \i lb. $1.75, 1 lb. $6.00, postpaid. 

No. 342 — Improved Thick Leaved 

Pkt. 25c, oz. $1.25, Vi lb. $4.50, 1 lb. $12,00, postpaid. 


(Brassica sp.) 

An ancient genus which is mentioned in the Bible, apparently 
native to the shores of the Mediterranean. Cultivated usually as a 
salad plant in the garden and less frequently for the seeds from 
which the mustard of commerce is prepared. In this country 
frequently occurs as a weed, having escaped from cultivation. 

No. 211— White or Yellow 

Has small, smooth leaves deeply cut and dark-green in color. Habit 
of growth upright. The leaves when young make an excellent 
salad. Pkt. 5c, oz. 15c, \i lb. 50c, 1 lb. $1.50, postpaid. 

No. 212— Brown or Black 

Similar to White except that foliage is scantier and the flavor more 
pungent. Pkt. 10c, oz. 15c, M lb. 50c, 1 lb. $1.50, postpaid. 

No. 214— Southern Giant Curled 

This variety has large leaves light-green in color tinged with yellow, 
and curled at the edges. It is very popular in the South where it is 
substituted for spinach. Excellent in the home garden. Pkt. 10c, 
oz. 20c, \i lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.50, postpaid. 

No. 213— Collards, Georgia 

Days to Maturity 80. A vegetable of the genus Brassica and 
resembling kale more than any other of that family. It was offered 
commercially by Ferry in 1882. It has never been adopted in a 
large way in the North but in the South for greens it has been in 
large demand. The plant will grow from two to four feet high, 
forming no heads but the central leaves often form a loose rosette. 
As far south as the Orange Belt they are usually started in February 
or March and the plants may then mature before the hot summer 
days. Farther north they are started in July or August and the 
plants are ready for use before cold weather. Pkt. 10c, oz. 15c, 
\i lb. 30c, 1 lb. $1.00, postpaid. 

No. 210— Corn Salad 

Days to Maturity 65. Sometimes known as Lamb's Lettuce or 
Fetticus. It is apparently of Southern European or North African 
origin and known in this country for at least a century. It was 
listed by John B. Russell, Boston, in 1828. It is rather tasteless, 
but nevertheless quite palatable as a salad and is often used in 
place of lettuce when that is not procurable. The flavor is very 
mild and the quality excellent. For very early salads the seed 
should be planted in September and the young plants covered with 
a light moss. Only one variety is commonly known and offered by 
American seedsmen, although several sorts are known to European 
gardeners. Pkt. 5c, oz. 15c, ]4 lb. 45c, 1 lb. $1.50, postpaid. 


For market gardeners' wholesale prices see pages 97-98 



(Cichorium endivia) 


HISTORY— Probably a native of the East Indies, placed by some, 
however, as indigenous to Egypt. In the latter place they are called the 
wild endive Cichorium, hence the confusion between this and the 
chicory, or French endive. The vegetable is mentioned by Ovid, Colu- 
mella, Horace and Pliny. The latter states the plant was eaten both as 
a pot herb and a salad by the Romans. It was supposed to have had 
strong medicinal qualities, and was used with telling effect by the ancient 
magicians. Endive was introduced into England apparently in 1548, 
during the reign of Edward the Sixth. Gerard speaks of it and tells how 
it was preserved for winter use in the time of Queen Elizabeth. By 1822, 
according to Phillips, there were eight varieties cultivated in England. 

No. 362— White Curled 

Days to Maturity 100. One of the oldest varieties used in this 
country. It was offered as White Curled Endive by Minton Collins 
of Richmond, Virginia, in 1793, a variety sometimes referred to 
as Giant Fringed. The very light yellowish color of the outer 
leaves, which rapidly blanch to an attractive creamy white, dis- 
tinguishes this variety from the Green Curled. The heads will 
average fifteen inches across and will prove of excellent eating 
quality. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, \i lb. 50c, 1 lb. $1.50, postpaid. 

No. 360— Endive, Green Curled 

Days to Maturity 100. Listed by Booth of Baltimore in 1810, 
and catalogued now by practically every seedsman in this country. 
It is sometimes called Mammoth Green Curled. The rosette head 
will average fifteen inches across. It is beautifully cut and divided, 
which, with its rich dark-green color, gives it a beautiful appear- 
ance. The center blanches very rapidly to a rich golden-white. This 
sort is thought highly of for home garden or market use and is used 
largely for salad. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, lb. 50c, 1 lb. $1.50, post- 

No. 364 — Broad-Leaved Batavian 

Days to Maturity 100. Offered by Russell of Boston in 1828. 
Often sold under the name of Escarolle. The heads of this variety 
will be slightly smaller in diameter than the other two which we 
carry. The leaves are toothed at the edges and more or less twisted, 
but they are not finely cut as are Green and White Curled. It is 
a variety which is easily blanched if tied properly at the proper 
time. The inner leaves are wonderfully tender and crisp, making 
a most delicious salad. This variety is in larger demand than any 
other endives cultivated in this country. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, lb. 
50c, 1 lb. $1.50, postpaid. 


No. 220. Time to maturity of roots four months. A native of Europe which was 
introduced in America in the seventies. It was offered by Gregory as new in this 
country in 1877. Undoubtedly a variety of Witloof. It is one of the most delicious 
vegetable salads under cultivation. It is in great demand, especially on Eastern 
markets. However it is a well-known fact that the majority of the 
chicory offered in this country is imported from France and other 
European countries. If it is possible for the French gardeners to 
export their product with heavy ocean freights and still make a 
profit there is certainly an opportunity for the skillful 
American market gardener to take advantage of the in- 
creasing demand. The seed is planted in May or June and 
in October the roots are dug, trimmed of unnecessary outer 
roots and laid horizontally in tiers under 
moist earth. Since darkness is essen- 
tial, a warm vegetable cellar is the 
usual place selected. It requires three 
to four weeks to produce its fine white 
leaves. They are cut when about six 
inches long and if undisturbed the 
roots will continue to produce for 
several weeks. Chicory has no specific 
enemies in this country and is troubled 
by only a few of the generally feeding 
insects such as cutworms and wire 
worms. Pkt. 5c, oz. 15c, M lb. 60c, 
1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 



Chicory can be grown in almost any ordinary cellar 



(Zea mays var. saccharata) 

HISTORY — Probably a native of Peru, Darwin having found heads of 
Maize embedded in the Peruvian Coast 85 feet above the present sea level. 
Botanists universally conceded that corn originated in America and as its 
close relation, teosinte, is indigenous to Mexico, some have placed it there 
rather than farther south. In 1914 Dr. F. H. Knowlton came on a fossilized 
ear of corn in Kuzco, Peru, thus giving us tangible evidence of the geologic 
existence of the species. It is one of the first evidences of vegetables being 
transferred from prehistoric to geological time, possibly taking it back a 
hundred thousand years. The type of the fossil ear has many of the character- 
istics essential to the domestic varieties still being grovm in Peru and Bolivia. 
The name corn was given it by the North American Indians. The reference 
to corn amongst the Egyptians of Biblical times was not corn as we know it, 
but some other grain, possibly wheat. Indian corn, however, was found under 
a comparatively high state of cultivation on the discovery of the New World. 
The first variety of sweet corn, under cultivation, was reported in tlie region 
of Plymouth, Mass., where it had come from the Susquehanna Indians in 
1779. According to Schenck, there were two varieties of sweet corn in 1854. 
Stowell's Evergreen was offered by Thorburn in 1861 and Golden Bantam 
was listed by Gregory as Golden Sweet "several years" prior to 1873. We 
have the word of Dr. W. W. Tracy on tliese two latter points. 

No. 238— Early Malcolm 

One of the Earliest Sweet Corns. New 

Days to Maturity, 55. We are indebted to Prof. Arthur J. Logsdail, of 
the Central Experimental Farms of the Dominion Government, Ottawa, 
for this new variety, Early Malcolm, which is herewith offered in the 
United States for the first time. We do so only after the most careful 
tests in our 1919 trial ground, which have thoroughly convinced us that 
Early Malcolm will be extremely valuable to American planters. Early 
Malcolm is a type bred sweet corn originating from the Early Malakoff, 
which was brought to Canada many years ago from Russia. There is 
now little similarity between the original Malakoff and Early Malcolm. 
The latter has been grown with excellent satisfaction for a number of 
years past by the various growers who produced it in an experimental 
way for the Dominion Government, and has found considerable favor 
among growers in the Prairie Provinces. Early Malcolm will open the 
season for sweet corn two weeks ahead of any standard variety offered in 
this country at the present time. Many seedsmen claim that Golden 
Bantam will mature in sixty days, but according to our own experimental 
work here, it will not mature before seventy days. Even the old Extra 
Early Adams, which is a field corn and not a sweet corn, but which, 
unfortunately, is offered on the early markets, requires seventy days for 
maturity. In our opinion, the sooner truck growers give up such vege- 
tables which are grown for their appearance only and not for their edible 
qualities, the sooner will vegetables become truly popular the country 

Early Malcolm produces a slender stalk of three and one-half feet, the 
leaves are very small, the ears are borne fifteen inches from the ground 
and will average six and one-half inches in length. They will contain 
from eight to ten straight rows. Planted May 10th, the ears should be 
ready for table use by July 5th. The variety is high in sugar content 
and is delicious to the taste. The dry seed is wrinkled and transparent. 
For cultivation in the home garden and for market gardeners and truckers 
catering to a critical trade, we believe Early Malcolm will immediately 
find a place of its own. From the experience of others, including the 
experiments of the late Mr. Peter Henderson, it seems quite necessary to 
import this corn annually from the Far North, for otherwise the extreme earliness which we now are able to show would undoubtedly 
disappear. Our supply of Early Malcolm this year is, necessarily, somewhat limited and we would particularly_advise those who are 
anxious to try it out to send orders in for it at an early date. Pkt. 20c, Y 2 pt. 30c, pt. 50c, qt. 85c, Y 2 pk. $3.00, postpaid. 


EARLY MALCOLM (Natural Si»e) 

Replantings of Golden Bantam will give you this delicious corn all season 

No. 240— Golden Bantam 

Days to Maturity, 70. A type which has been in common cultivation in the United States 
for, perhaps, seventy years. Probably referred to by Salisbury, 1848, who says: "There is 
another variety of Sweet Corn made by crossing the Sweet and the Early Canada Corn." 
This idea of its origin was recognized by Burr, 1863, who says: "Apparently a hybrid between 
common Yellow or Canada Flint and Darling's Early." It remained, however, for the late 
Mr. W. Atlee Burpee to popularize it under the name of Golden Bantam. For actual sugar 
content it, perhaps, surpasses all other sweet corns. The stalks only attain a height of from 
three to four feet, the ear growing half-way up the stalk. The Golden Bantam ear is eight- 
rowed and will average four and one-half inches in length. During the last ten years there 
have been, perhaps, over a dozen hybrids, which have been produced from crossing Golden 
Bantam with some of the large eared later varieties. Until at least one more year's investi- 
gation, we are not willing to offer any one of these to our trade. There is, no doubt, consid- 
erable merit in many of them, but at the present time we are not willing to put our reputa- 
tion back of them. Pkt. 10c, y 2 pt. 20c, pt. 35c, qt. 65c, Yi pk. $2.25, postpaid. 

No. 244— Early White Gory 

Days to Maturity, 70. Originated by Mr. Joseph Cory and introduced by Gregory in 1885, 
and offered by Johnson & Stokes in 1886. A claim was made at that time that it would be 
ready for table use within fifty-two days from planting. We cannot substantiate this, how- 
ever, at the present time. It seems quite possible that some of the earliness has been lost. 
The stalks will grow to a height of about 4 feet, producing ears averaging five and one-half 
inches in length, containing from 10 to 12 rows. Early White Cory will be found desirable 
for all early season purposes. Pkt. 10c, Yi pt. 20c, pt. 35c, qt. 65c, Yi pk. $2.25, postpaid. 

[No. 264— Early 

Days to Maturity, 70. Introduced 
by Landreth in 1890. The stalk attains 
a height of about six and one-half feet, 
the ear averaging about seven inches in 
length and containing sixteen rows. 
The quality is superior to Kendel's 
Early Giant, but not to Stokes Double- 
Barreled Best. This variety is recom- 
mended as a main season sort for all 
planters from Massachusetts south. It 
will not mature north of that state, 
however. Pkt. 10c, Y 2 pt. 20c, pt. 
35c, qt. 65c, Y 2 pk. $2.25, postpaid. 

The 5/8 bushel basket is still used largely in New Jersey EARLY WHITE CORY (Natural Size) 


Early Malcolm is the earliest corn in cultivation. Read what we say about it 



No. 159— De Lue's Golden Giant 

Days to Matueitt, 78. Claimed to be a hybrid between Golden 
Bantam and Howling Mob, the cross being made by Dr. De Lue of 
Needham, Massachusetts. After several years' selection it was 
offered to the public about 1916. There have been several crosses 
of the Golden Bantam type with larger varieties of white kerneled 
sweet corn. Of these Golden Giant has proven to be as good, if not 
better, than any we have so far discovered. Coming about one 
week later than Golden Bantam, the ear is very much larger. How- 
ever, the sugar content is almost as great and, therefore, the variety 
should be especially popular with all who have found Golden Bantam 
to their liking. The illustration will give a very accurate idea of the 
size of ear. The stock we have offered has been grown privately, 
under close supervision, and is offered with every confidence that 
the variety will prove a strong acquisition to our list of sweet corn. 
Pkt. 15c, V 2 pt. 25c, pt. 40c, qt. 75c, H pk. $2.75, postpaid. 

No. 260— Double-Barreled Best 

Days to Maturity, 80. Originated by Mr. Arthur H. Ritchie, a 
Burlington County farmer, from a cross made in 1906 between 
Stowell's Evergreen and a local variety of similar type. Three years 
later there was a slight infusion of an earlier corn, probably Kendel's 
Early Giant. After the variety had been selected for four years, so 
that its type was well fixed, it was introduced by Walter P. Stokes 
in 1913. Its name, Double-Barreled Best, is given because of its 
very general tendency to throw two good ears to the stalk. After 
six years' selection here on Windermoor Farm, we have developed 
the corn to a point where it will produce double ears about sixty 

per cent, of the time. In this district, Double-Barreled Best is an 
established second early variety. Its length and general charac- 
teristics resemble Stowell's Evergreen, except that it is slightly 
smaller in all proportions and two weeks earlier. The stalk will 
grow to a height of about six feet and the ears will average six and 
one-half to seven inches in length. The sugar content is very high 
and as an edible variety we know of no finer. It is incidentally being 
used in some very large canning operations. To the truck grower 
who looks for early money in corn and to the home gardener who 
desires the most delicious second early or main season corn for his 
table, we can reco mm end no better. Four or five plantings should 
be made for proper succession during the season and the greatest 
care should be taken to have the product as fresh from the growing 
stalk as is possible. Is not recommended for planting in Maine, 
New Hampshire, Vermont or any states or provinces north of that 
general latitude, as there is danger of its not reaching maturity. 
Pkt. 15c, H Pt. 25c, pt. 40c, qt. 75c, y 2 pk. $2.75, postpaid. 

No. 262— Kendel's Early Giant 

Days to Maturity, 75. Introduced by Kendel in 1896. A standard 
main season variety. The stalks will grow to a height of five and 
one-half feet, bearing an ear six and one-half inches in length, 
containing twelve or fourteen rows. The quality is not exceptionally 
good and since the introduction of Stokes Double-Barreled Best, 
there is no reason why Kendel's Early Giant should be grown. 
Owing to the fact that there is still a considerable call for this sort, 
we feel it our duty to offer it. We do so, however, with the reserva- 
tions as noted herewith. Pkt. 10c, Y 2 pt. 20c, pt. 35c, qt. 65c, 
Yi pk. $2.25, postpaid. 

See Market Gardeners' Wholesale Price List 


No. 270 — Country Gentleman 

Days to Maturity, 88. The original broken row variety of sweet corn was the Ne 
Plus Ultra, as introduced by Johnson & Stokes about 1885. Shoe Peg, a narrow, deep- 
grained corn, of the broken row type, was a selection made near Bordentown, New 
Jersey, from the Ne Plus Ultra and introduced by Johnson & Stokes in 1890 as a dis- 
tinct variety. Four years later Country Gentleman was originated, Peter Henderson, 
of New York, introducing it in 1893. Inasmuch as Country Gentleman is superior to 
any of its predecessors, we no longer list either the Ne Plus Ultra or Shoe Peg, the latter 
name often being used as a synonym for Country Gentleman. Country Gentleman is 
similar to Shoe Peg in almost every respect, except that the ear is considerably larger, 
very often attaining a length of about six inches, which is fully one-third larger than 
the average ear of the original Shoe Peg. The stalks of Country Gentleman will 
attain a height of about six feet, and because of its sugar content it has been a favorite 
during the twenty-eight years since its introduction. As a main crop or late season 
variety, Country Gentleman is favored by all kinds of planters and is widely grown 
on contract for canning factories. Not advised for planting in northern latitudes. 
Pkt. 10c, y 2 pt. 20c, pt. 35c, qt. 65c, y 2 pk. $2.25, postpaid. 

No. 272— Stowell's Evergreen 

Days to Maturity, 90. A variety originated by Mr. Stowell, a trucker who grew 
for the Philadelphia market. Introduced in 1861 by Thorburn, under its present 
name. After nearly sixty years, although there have been many varying ideas as to 
the original type, Stowell's Evergreen is still commonly known as the standard late 
sweet corn for all purposes. The stalks will attain a height of over seven feet, bearing 
ears about eight inches long. As with Stokes Double-Barreled Best, Stowell's Ever- 
green has a heavy sugar content and is, therefore, very desirable as a table or canning 
variety. Owing to the length of its season, however, it must not be grown in the more 
northerly latitudes. Pkt. 10c, y 2 pt. 20c, pt. 35c, qt. 65c, y 2 pk. $2.25, postpaid. 


No. 261— White Rice 

A large, white, prolific variety probably more popular than any other. The ears 
average six inches long and kernels are slender and pointed, resembling rice grains. 
It pops pure white. Largely used for commercial purposes. Pkt. 10c, y 2 pt. 20c, 
pt. 35c, qt. 65c, y 2 pk. $2.25. 

No. 271— Golden Queen 

A yellow corn which pops out a creamy white with unusually large grains. The ear 
is slightly larger than White Rice. The kernels are narrow but rounded. The quality 
is excellent. Pkt. 10c, y 2 pt. 20c, pt. 40c, qt. 75c, y 2 pk. $2.50. 



.» .4. 


Golden Giant and Double Barreled Best should be in every garden 


HISTORY — A native of the East, Vilmorin crediting the East Indies, while de Candolle 
places Northern India as point of probable origin. Vilmorin being a close student of 
the subject, we are inclined to give preference to his deductions. Cucumber is one of the 
oldest cultivated vegetables, being under cultivation long before the Greek and Egyptian 
civilization, although it was well known to both. Pliny writes at length on the subject, and 
makes special reference to the cucumbers as supplied to the Emperor Tiberius, who wanted 
them available every day in the year. The cucumbers of the Scriptures were probably a wild 
form of melon (no doubt of Persian origin), which was common in Egypt at that time. 
Cucumbers have been cultivated in England for several centuries. Until within two hundred 
years they were known as cowcumbers. The standard variety for pickling, the West India 
Gherkin {Cucumis anguria), is a native of Jamaica. 


No. 318— Klondike 

Days to Maturity, 65. Probably introduced by Burrell, of Rocky Ford, about 1906. Klondike 
is later in maturity than Evergreen White Spine, but has been selected for a darker color. It has a 
tendency to hold its color for a longer period, which makes it a decided favorite with southern growers 
for their long-distance northern shipment. The fruits will average seven inches in length. They will 
taper at the blossom end, and are rather blunt at the stem end. The white stripe is discernible, but 
is not objectionable. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, % lb. 60c, 1 lb. $1.75, postpaid. 

No. 310 — Evergreen White Spine 

Days to Maturity, 60. Introduced by Johnson & Stokes in 1886. It originated from a selection of 
the old White Spine, and received its name, Evergreen, owing to its habit of remaining a deep green 
color in all stages of growth. It is also slightly longer than the older variety, the fruits averaging 
seven inches in length, being blunt at both ends. The outside color is a dark green showing some white 
stripes. The flesh is very tender and crisp, making an excellent slicing variety for which this sort is 
mostly used. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, H lb. 60c, 1 lb. $1.75, postpaid. 

KLONDIKE (x3/4) 

No. 320 — Improved 
Long Green 

Days to Maturity, 70. First 
listed by Prince in 1842. Offered 
by Ferry in 1882 as Improved 
Long Green. One of the original 
black spine varieties now exten- 
sively used for pickling. Fruits 
average 10 to 12 inches long, 
color uniform dark green. Vines 
are vigorous and very productive. 
Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, y± lb. 60c, 
1 lb. $1.75, postpaid. 



When ordering large quantities, consult pages 97-98 


No. 314 — Davis Perfect 

Days to Maturity, 60. Originated by Mr. Eugene Davis, of Grand Rapids, Michigan. 
The fruits of this variety will attain a length of ten inches. They are dark green in color, 
tender and highly suitable as a slicing variety. The vines are hardy and vigorous, and will 
continue to bear for a long period. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, 34 lb. 50c, 1 lb. $1.50, postpaid. 

No. 330— West India Gherkin 

Days to Maturity, 50. One of the oldest varieties known in America. A native of 
Jamaica. Introduced by Minton Collins, of Richmond, Virginia, in 1793. It is the smallest 
variety of Cucumber on the market and is in considerable demand for small pickles. The 
fruits will average from two to two and one-half inches in length and should be 
picked when young and tender. We would call special attention to the fact that 
the seeds are rather difficult to germinate, sometimes requiring from two 
to three weeks, therefore, we would recommend a very carefully prepared 
seed bed. Pkt. 20c, oz. 40c, % lb. $1.00,^1 lb. $3.00, postpaid. 

No. 317 — Green Prolific or Boston Pickling 

Days to Maturity, 60. First offered by Briggs in 1866 as Green Prolific. 
Apparently the name, Boston Pickling, was attached to this as a result of 
an introduction made by Johnson & Stokes in 1888. It is a black spine 
variety, perhaps more in use as a commercial pickling sort than any other. 
The fruits will average from five to six inches in length when fully developed . 
However, they are harvested at an earlier stage for most pickling opera- 
tions. It is an early, heavy yielding variety and the stock offered is of 
high quality and is recommended without reservation. Pkt. 5c, oz. 20c, 

No. 316— Early Fortune 

Days to Maturity, 60. One of the new strains of Cucumber. We are not well informed as to its 
origin. The fruits will average from seven to eight inches in length, are cylindrical, rather small 

seed cavity and thick through. 
50c, 1 lb. $1.50, postpaid. 

They are of excellent quality for slicing. Pkt. 10c, oz 






NOTE: Owing to another 
failure of Windermoor 
Wonder, we shall be unable 
to offer any seedbefore 1922. 
The situation is unavoidable 
although very regrettable. 

S.S. F. Co. 

Grow your own pickles this year. Try West India Gherkin and Boston Pickling 




(Solanum melongena) 

HISTORY — Of tropical origin. Vilmorin definitely credited 
South America, Bailey, however, placing it in the East Indies. 
Since the reports of its use as a vegetable come after the dis- 
covery of America, and owing to its similarity to tomato and 
pepper, both of which are definitely traced to South America, 
we are inclined to give Vilmorin credit for being right. The 
fact that it is called Guana Squash adds further evidence that 
it is a New World dish, as does the fact that it has been so well 
known as a vegetable amongst the West Indies since the dis- 
covery. Gerard in the first edition of his Herbal {1596) shows 
distinctly that, although eggplant was known in England at 
the time, it was not considered to have edible qualities. He 
states, "I rather wish Englishmen to content themselves with 
the meate and sauce of our own country than with' fruit and 
sauce eaten with such perill: for doubtless these apples have a 
mischeevous quality; the use thereof is utterly to be forsaken." 
To which Phillips {1822) adds: "With this caution we cannot 
be surprised that the eggplant should have been in our gardens 
for 220 years without reaching our tables." Eggplant has been 
cultivated in America for less than a century. 


There are not many distinct varieties of eggplant under cultiva- 
tion. The two we list, viz., Black Beauty and New York Purple, 
are undoubtedly in greatest demand in this country. The Early 
Long Purple, the older Black Pekin, the Early Dwarf Purple, and 
the numerous white varieties are not in large demand. There are 
one or two white eggplants as used in Europe which are undoubtedly 
of exceptionally fine quality as table sorts, and it seems more than 
probable that we shall offer one of these in 1922. 

No. 350— Black Beauty 

Days to Maturity, 125. Introduced by Burpee in 1902, no doubt 
having been a selection from the earlier Black Pekin as known in 
this country about the time of the Civil War. Hovey, of Boston, 

listed it as a "new" variety in 1869. This variety is very prolific, 
bearing well rounded fruits almost egg-shaped. They will average 
eight inches in length. The color is a rich dark purplish black. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 50c, M lb. $1.50, 1 lb. $6.00, postpaid. 

No. 352— New York Purple 

Days to Maturity, 140. Listed by B. K. Bliss in 1860. It will 
produce matured fruit about two weeks after Black Beauty. The 
outside color is considerably fighter than the Black Beauty and the 
shape, as shown in the illustration, is quite different, the blossom 
end being much flatter and the whole effect more triangular than 
globe shaped. Pkt. 10c, oz. 50c, % lb. $1.50, 1 lb. $6.00, post- 

"J" J ~J^4 J (Brassica oleracea Var. acephala) 

HISTORY — This plant and the so-called Georgia Collard are, ap- 
parently, more closely akin to the wild cabbage of Europe than any other 
forms of the cultivated Brassica. Kale is a non-heading cabbage, an 
annual that does best in the cool portion of autumn and the early spring 
for its growth. It is hardy enough to withstand the average winter in 
the latitude of New Jersey. Commercially, it is grown extensively only 
at Norfolk, Virginia, and on Long Island. It could be grown elsewhere, 
but the demand has not been great enough. The three varieties we list 
should cover all. 

No. 370— Dwarf Curled Scotch 

Days to Maturity, 55. In quality, the best kale under cultivation. 
Listed in this country as early as 1826 by Russell, of Boston, having 
been spoken of as Norfolk. It is extensively grown in the Norfolk 
district for the large Eastern markets. A finely curled, low-growing 
variety of spreading heads and very hardy. This variety is some- 
times used for garnishing, inasmuch as the leaves are a beautiful 

bright green color, 

Pkt. 10c. oz. 15c, M lb. 60c, 1 lb. $2.00, 

No. 372— Siberian 

Days to Maturity, 60. A strain which was selected from the 
Dwarf German and later acclimated to the Siberian climate. This 
kale will stand a temperature of several degrees below zero without 
being affected. It is extremely hardy. However, its quality is not 
as fine as the Dwarf Curled Scotch. The leaves are broad, finely 
curled, but not as closely cut as the Dwarf Curled Scotch. Color of 
leaf is a deep blue-green. Pkt. 5c, oz. 10c, }4 lb. 30c, 1 lb. $1.00, 

No. 374 — Imperial Long Standing 

Days to Maturity, 60. A variety which will hold before shooting 
to seed longer than either of the two other varieties which' we carry. 
The plant has a more spreading habit than the Scotch or Siberian, 
but the leaves are beautifully curled and crimpled. While the 
quality is very fair, it is not equal to the Scotch. The plant itself 
will be larger than either of the other varieties, and, therefore, has 
a distinct value commercially. The color is a bright green. Pkt. 
5c, oz. 10c, \i lb. 30c, 1 lb. $1.00, postpaid. 

SIBERIAN (x:i/3) 


For our prices on plants of eggplants see page 75 




(Brassica oleracea Var. caulo-rapa) 

A member of the cabbage group, and perhaps one of the oddest 
vegetables in form of growth under cultivation. It is like a turnip 
produced in a cabbage root, if that were possible. The flesh of the 
thickened stem is more delicate both in texture and flavor than the 
turnip. It is a plant deserving of a place in every home garden, as 
well as one which is grown on a large scale by certain market gar- 
deners. Save for cauliflower, it is superior in quality to any of the 
cabbage group. It is natually a cool-weather plant, and should be 
grown either in the spring or fall, and gathered while still young and 
tender. According to Vilmorin, certain large, coarse varieties are 
grown in Europe for stock feed, but as the yielding power is not 
equal to turnips, cabbage, etc., they probably will not be grown com- 
mercially for that purpose in this country. The two varieties offered 
should cover all normal requirements for American planting. 

No. 375— Early White Vienna 

Days to Maturity, 50. An old variety, no doubt originating in 
Austria. Listed by B. K. Bliss in 1866. The color is a beautiful 
light green, and as will be noted, this variety is much earlier in 
season than the Purple Vienna. It should be pulled for the table 
when about two and one-half inches in diameter. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, 
li lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.50, postpaid. 

No. 377 — Purple Vienna 

Days to Maturity, 70. A variety of newer introduction than the 
Early White Vienna. It was offered by Johnson & Stokes in the 
eighties. Purple Vienna will take two to three weeks longer in 
maturing, and it is a coarser growing variety. The color is a bluish 
purple. Plants are taller and generally larger, thus requiring more 
room between them. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, % lb. 75c, lb. $2.50, 

{Hibiscus esculentus) 

Sometimes called Gumbo. A native of North Africa, having been 
introduced in the United States about one hundred years ago, at 
that time under no special variety name. Thorburn in 1884 listed 
merely Okra. In soups and catsup it gives body to the dish, and as 
a vegetable, although not at first agreeable, has a taste which is 
easily acquired. The dry seeds are sometimes used as a coffee 
substitute. Okra should be sown in dry, warm soil of medium fer- 
tility after all danger of frost is past. It should be well-drained, 
sandy loam, thoroughly and deeply prepared. Frequent cultivation 
should be given with deep cutting implements. The pods should be 
gathered before the fiber develops in them and it is best to keep 
the pods cut off. In the South where there is no danger of frost 
they will live for years if not killed. In the North, however, it 
acts as an annual. The demand for the vegetable is increasing, 
especially in New York City. The two varieties which we offer, 
viz., Perkins' Green Pod and White Velvet, should cover all 

The advantage of ordering from us in large quantities is 
that you gain the benefit of wholesale prices. Truckers, 
market gardeners, plant growers and greenhouse men can 
save money. See pages 97-98. 

No. 630 — Perkins' Green 

A variety which originated in Burling- 
ton County, New Jersey, having been 
developed by a one-time neighbor of 
ours, Mr. Perkins. This variety will 
develop to a length of about five inches 
and will prove to be of considerable 
value either for the home garden or 
for commercial purposes. Pkt. 5c, oz. 
10c, M lb. 25c, 1 lb. 85c, postpaid. 

No. 632— White Velvet 

The plants of this variety attain a height of 
about three and one-half feet. It is early 
maturing and very productive. The color 
of the pods is white. They are medium in 
length, smooth and very tender until attain- 
ing the full growth and will be about three 
and one-half inches. A very desirable variety 
for all purposes. Pkt. 10c, oz. 15c, H lb. 
35c, 1 lb. $1.00, postpaid. 

m i 

OKRA (x 1/2) 


Kohl-rabi is a delicious vegetable and should be found in every garden 



(Lactuca sativa) 

HISTORY — .4. native of Asia. The exact country of origin is not 
certain, neither the date when it was introduced into Europe, but 
scientists agree that it has no doubt been under cultivation from very 
remote times. The name lettuce is no doubt a corruption of a Latin 
u'ord Lactuca, on account of the milky juice known to the vegetable. 
Herodotus tells us that lettuce was served in its natural state at the 
royal tables of the Persian King over five hundred years before the 
Christian Era. According to Pliny, the Romans were not acquainted 
icith much of a variety of this vegetable; however, it was known to 
have' marvelous cooling qualities and was often used to reduce fever. 
There was no attempt to cultivate lettuce in England until the fourth 
year of Queen Elizabeth's reign (1562). Thirty-seven years after this, 
however, Gerard speaks of eight distinct varieties. Since that time a 
great many variations have been made. 

No. 440— Black Seed Tennis Ball 

Synonyms: All Year Round (1876), Salamander (Henderson, 1882), 
Bloomsdale Butter (Landreth, prior to 1884), Sensation (Johnson 
& Stokes, 1892), All Heart (Dreer, 1900.) 

Days to Maturity, 71. It will hold eleven days before shooting 
to seed. It is a very old European variety, the first grown in America, 
being offered by Booth in 1810, and by Sinclair & Moore and by 


Landreth in 1826. Its great age, as well as it wonderful quality, 
is no doubt responsible for the many synonyms which have been 
attached to it. It is a butter variety, strictly cabbage heading, 
large to medium in size, early-intermediate in season, standing well 
before shooting to seed. The color of the head is light green, but 
is not spotted or brownish as is the case with certain other heading 
varieties. The quality is excellent and highly recommends itself for 
both private and market gardeners. It is a sure and reliable header 
and excellent shipper. The seed is a grayish black. Pkt. 10c, oz. 
25c, H lb. 65c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

No. 448 — Unrivaled 

Green-Leaved Big Boston strain. Days to Maturity, 78. It 
will hold eighteen days before shooting to seed. The original of 
this was offered by Vilmorin, Andrieux & Co., of France, as Sans 
Rival, and first introduced on this continent by two Canadian seed 
firms, Messrs. John A. Bruce & Co. and Mr. J. A. Simmers in 1902, 
and listed by seedmen generally in this country the year following. 
This variety closely resembles Big Boston, and in order to emphasize 
this fact, we offered the variet} r under the name Green-Leaved Big 
Boston in 1917. No doubt Vilmorin secured his original stock 
from a sport of the Trocadero, and this fact, no doubt, accounts for 
its being difficult to secure a true stock thereof, even after sixteen 
years of constant effort. We believe the seed we offer now to be 
as true, however, we we have ever been privileged to offer. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 25c, \i lb. 65c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 


No. 444 — California Cream Butter 

Days to Maturity, 77. Will hold seventeen days before shooting 
to seed. Named and introduced by Burpee in 1888. It seems 
probable, however, that it is merely a renaming of the older Royal 
Summer Cabbage. Mammoth Black Seeded Butter (Thorburn) 
and Mammoth Salamander (Johnson & Stokes) are varieties so 
similar that they are now considered practically synonjTnous. 
The foreign name for California Cream Butter is Winter Tremont. 
One of the desirable features of this variety is its long standing 
habit after maturity, holding almost twice the time of the Black 
Seed Tennis Ball. It is a cabbage butter head, with thick leaves, 
dark green, tinged with brown and spotted. The inside of the head 
is a rich golden yellow. The quality is excellent and, under satis- 
factory conditions, will form a solid head. California Cream Butter 
or Mammoth Salamander has made splendid easy money for large 
lettuce growers in many parts of the country. It is a highly recom- 
mended variety both for commercial and private planting, and our 
strain will run up to a high standard of purity. The seed is a very 
dark brownish color. This variety will prove especially valuable 
if brought to maturity as the warmer days advance. Pkt. 10c, 
oz. 25c, H lb. 65c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

UNRIVALED (x 1,4) 


See Tables on Page 3 and Read Descriptions Carefully Before Ordering 


ALL SEASONS (x 1/4) 

No. 446 — All Seasons 

Days to Maturity, 77. Holds twenty days before shooting to 
seed. Named and introduced by Mr. J. C. Vaughan in 1897, who 
states that the variety was imported from France about three years 
previous under the name of Denaiff. This lettuce is quite similar 
to Deacon, as introduced by Joseph Harris about 1878, being a 
little larger and later, the name originating from a neighbor of Mr. 
Harris', who was known as Deacon Bushnell, Mr. Bushnell having 
found it in the garden of a German woman who had been raising 
it many years before. Apparently, therefore, from the two original 
sources of origin, we take it that the general type was of European 
origin. All Seasons is decidedly a butter variety, strictly cabbage- 
headed, large intermediate in season and, as noted above, slow to 
shoot to seed. Its ability to stand midsummer heat places it in a 
class by itself, and it is recommended for main-season planting in 
the place of all other varieties. Color is a light greenish, never 
spotted or brownish in any part. The quality is excellent, very 
sweet and soft, seeds black. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, l /± lb. 65c, 1 lb. 
$2.00, postpaid. 

No. 442— May King 

Days to Maturity, 75. It is one of the more recent introductions 
from Europe, a good heading sort of the butter type, medium small 
light green and tinged slightly with brown at the edges. In general 
appearance it resembles White-Seed Tennis Ball, but is distinct 
in being earlier and is especially good for out-door culture. As 
compared with that variety, it is slightly smaller, lighter green and 
has less of the brown tinge. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, 34 lb. 65c, 1 lb. 
$2.00, postpaid. 


Big Boston Lettuce Plants are offered. See page 75. 

No. 450— Big Boston 

Days to Maturity, 78. It will hold eighteen days before shooting 
to seed. Probably the most generally grown variety under culti- 
vation, and listed by practically every American and European 
seedsman. In Europe it is usually called Trocadero Cabbage. A 
lettuce, under the latter name, was being grown by Morse for 
Henderson in 1887, and Mr. Henderson, comparing it with Boston 
Market, but contrasting it as much larger and finer, suggested the 
name Big Boston, and as such it was named ane introduced by him 
in 1890. The name proved to be at once attractive and popular. 
Big Boston is a white-seeded cabbage-heading lettuce of the butter 

BIG BOSTON (x 1/4) 

type, medium large, globular, medium light green with slight tinge 
of brown on margin of outer leaves. It is early and hardy and stands 
long-distance shipping. The head itself is brittle, buttery, and the 
interior almost a golden yellow. The mature plant will form a 
compact, well-defined hard head. The quality is very fair. How- 
ever, it lacks the delicacy, sweetness and tenderness of the strictly 
butter varieties, and for this reason is not recommended for home 
garden purposes as strongly as Black-Seed Tennis Ball or May 
King. Pkt. 10c. oz. 25c, M lb. 65c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 


However, it is not difficult to grow your own 


ICEBERG (x 1/3) 

No. 464 — Iceberg 

Days to Maturity, 82. Will hold twenty-one days before shooting 
to seed. A variety of European origin, introduced into this country 
under the name of Iceberg by W. Atlee Burpee & Co., 1894. Ap- 
parently, it is a selection of the dark-green type of Marblehead 
Mammoth and India Head, the latter being a very old sort. Except 
that it is smaller and lighter in color, it is very much like Hanson. 
It is a very crisp variety, loose cabbage heading, late and, as noted 
above, very slow to shoot to seed. The head is extremely hard and 
well blanched, the leaves very completely and tightly overlapping 
each other. The color is light green, excepting for the faint brown 
tinge along the extreme border. It is never spotted and the inner 
head leaves never colored. The quality is good, crisp and firm, 
very sweet but not buttery in flavor. Seeds large white. Pkt. 10c, 
oz. 25c, H lb. 65c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

No. 452 — New York or Wonderful 

Days to Maturity, 87. It will hold twenty-four days before shoot- 
ing to seed. This is the old Chou de Naples or Neapolitan, and 
introduced, under the name of New York, by Henderson in 1896. 
The synonyms Los Angeles and Wonderful have been attached to 
it since its introduction. In England the variety is better known 
under the name of Webb's Wonderful. It is one of the largest of the 
heading varieties, curled and crisp, dark green, and slightly curled 


at the edges. The head at first is pointed or conical, but at maturity 
becomes globular. Although of good quality, being exceedingly 
crisp and sweet, we do not advise this lettuce for home garden pur- 
poses, as some of the more buttery sorts are desirable. However, 
to those who have had difficulty in growing well-formed heads, 
New York might be tried with success, providing plenty of room is 
allowed between the individual plants. Seed is white. Pkt. 15c, 
oz. 40c, M lb. $1.00, 1 lb. $3.00, postpaid. 

No. 462 — Black Seed Simpson 

Days to Maturity, 78. Will hold twenty-two days before shooting 
to seed. Introduced by Peter Henderson & Company in 1880. 
One of the most largely planted varieties in this country, and it is 
a loose-leaved lettuce late-intermediate in attaining full develop- 
ment and, as noted above slow to shoot to seed. The plant is fairly 
compact and consists of firm, well-blanched V-shaped clusters of 
leaves, the innermost heart curving inward and showing a tendency 
to form a head. The leaves are very much blistered, crumpled and 
twisted, with large, protruding mid-ribs, and color is a very hght 
green, never spotted or brownish. The quality is very fair, being 
sweet but somewhat firm in texture. Seeds are black. This variety 
must not be confused with the Early Curled Simpson, which is a 
white-seeded Simpson. The Morse is a white-seeded selection out 
of it, but rather thicker leaved. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, lb. 65c ? 1 lb, 
$2.00, postpaid. 


No. 460 — Grand Rapids 

Days to Maturity, 69. Will hold ten days before shooting to seed. 
It was originated after fifteen years' selection of Black Seeded Simp- 
son by Eugene Davis, of Grand Rapids, Michigan. It was known 
in Grand Rapids ten or more years prior to 1890, when it was formally 
introduced by D. M. Ferry & Company under the name of Grand 
Rapids. A variety of very wide popularity, but of very poor quality. 
It is early-intermediate in season and will shoot to seed quickly. 
The plant is very spreading when young, but becomes very com- 
pact when mature, forming a loosely rounded cluster of leaves, grow- 
ing close enough for only slight blanching, but when fully matured, 
they never spread out at the center. The leaves are excessively 
blistered and crumpled and slightly twisted, very thick and heavy 
with coarse veins and protruding mid-ribs. Color is a very light 
green, never spotted or brownish in any part. Quality is very 
poor, being coarse and rank in flavor, at least to the extent of lacking 
in sweetness and delicacy. Seeds black, slow to germinate. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 25c, \i lb. 65c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 


For market gardeners' wholesale prices, see pages 97-98 


HANSON (x 1/4) 

No. 470 — Hanson 

Days to Maturity, 86. Will hold twenty-four days before shoot- 
ing to seed. Introduced by Dreer about 1871, who has claimed 
that the seed came from Col. Hanson, of Maryland, after having 
been in the family for three generations, having originally come 
from Europe. This variety is unquestionably the best loose-leaved 
sort for either home or market garden. In quality it outclasses all 
other loose-leaved sorts. It is a decidedly crisp, loose-heading 
variety, medium in size, light green in color on the outside and 
white within. It is never spotted or brownish in any part. The 
quality is excellent, being exceedingly crisp and firm in texture and 
very sweet. This cannot be recommended too highly. Seeds are 
white. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, % lb. 65c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

No. 466 — Trianon Cos 

Days to Maturity, 82. Will hold twenty days before shooting 
to seed. Paris White Cos is a synonym for this variety. This 
class of lettuce has been grown in America for nearly one hundred 
and twenty-five years. It was offered in 1793 by Minton Collins, 

of Richmond, Virginia, and by B. K. Bliss in 1860. It was a typical 
cos variety, strictly self-closing, comparatively late and very slow 
to shoot to seed. The plant is compact, blanched, firm head, round 
at the top with leaves not tightly over-lapping one another. The 
color is a very dark green on the outside and well blanched on the 
inside. They are never spotted or brownish in any part. The-, 
quality is excellent. It is very hard in texture, but is exceedingly 
crisp and sweet, and is especially desirable for long-distance shipping 
or for prompt table use. Trianon Cos will make a delicious Romaine 
salad, and is a pleasing change from the soft, buttery varieties. 
Seed white. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, H lb. 65c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid.. 

TRIANON COS (x 1/3) 


{Allium porrum) 


HISTORY — Of uncertain origin, some authorities saying that it is a native 
of the East, others of the Mediterranean, and Vilmorin mentioning the possi- 
bility of Switzerland. It was commonly cultivated in Egypt from the time of 
the Pharaohs, and is up to the present day. Pliny, who says the best leeks 
were brought from Egypt, speaks of Nero eating them several days in every 
month. The Hortus Kewensis states positively, regardless of all other theories, 
that Switzerland is the native home of the leek. It was first cultivated in 
England before 1560, Tusser and Gerard both speaking of it. It appears to 
have been used by the Welsh as far back as their history extends, and they 
continue to wear leeks on St. David's Day in commemoration of a victory 
which they obtained over the Saxons in the Sixth Century, at which time leeks 
were worn by their order to distinguish themselves in battle. Leek has appar- 
ently been cultivated in America during most of the Nineteenth Century. 

No. 390 — Monstrous Carentan 

The root of this sort often attains a diameter of two inches, and will 
blanch to a pure white. The quality is mild and tender. It is a flat- 
leaved, bulbous, hardy perennial. The blanched stems and leaves are 
used as a flavoring for soups, boiled and served as asparagus or eaten in 
the raw state. Except for certain commercial purposes and for our large 
city markets, leek is not used in this country extensively, except by our 
foreign population. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, 34 lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.50, posfpaidT 

You may prefer leeks to green onions. Try them 


HISTORY — A native of Southern Asia, cultivated from a very remote 
period of antiquity, perhaps having come from the oblong fruit of the 
Persian melon, the date of its first culture being unknown. It is con- 
sidered to be as old as any of the alimentary vegetables. That the 
Egyptians knew and grew melons seems to be well established by certain 
well-known verses in the eleventh chapter of tJie Book of Numbers of the 
Bible. The Romans and Greeks were familiar with it in its cultured 
form, as it appears to have been brought from Persia at least before the 
first century. Pliny speaks of it at length, describing tfie difficulties of 
obtaining ?nelons for the Emperor Tiberius all months of the year. 
There are many and various classes of melons, one of the oldest and best 
being the cantalouppi, which, according to M. Jacquin, derives its name 
from Cantaloupe, a seat belonging to the Pope near Rome, where this 
sort, brought from Armenia by the missionaries, was first cultivated. 
De Serries and Gerard describe melons in their respective countries in 
the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Although perhaps grown at 
their best in Egypt and in the warm sunshine of the Orient, they are 
now known tlie world over. American varieties have developed rapidly 
in the past forty years, New Jersey, Michigan, and Colorado perhaps 
■offering more new varieties of merit than any other states. 

No. 514 — Netted Gem or Rocky Ford (Green) 

Days to Maturity, 95. Offered by Burpee in 1881 under the name 
of Netted Gem. There are a number of distinct strains of the 
Netted Gem type offered under such names as Watter's Sohd Net, 
Eden Gem, Netted Rock, Rust-resistant Rocky Ford, etc., etc. 
This melon has now become the standard shipping variety for the 
United States, thousands of cars annually being filled either with 
Netted Gem or with varieties which have been selected from or 
hybridized with the old original. In 1895 Mr. William S. Ross of 
Alma, Illinois, started an industry in his district which within 
fifteen years developed into one of considerable importance. In 
1900 two hundred and fifty-three carloads were shipped from there. 
To Dr. W. W. Tracy, now of the Department of Argiculture, the 
credit belongs for having really established the industry in the now 
world-famous Rocky Ford district in Colorado. Because of the 
vast proportions which the industry assumed within a few years, 
the name Rocky Ford Cantaloupe in some districts superseded 
the original name Netted Gem. It is, therefore, offered in the 
double form at present. In 1905 the Imperial Valley of Southern 
California came into prominence as a melon growing region, this 
through the introduction of irrigation water. In the- year 1914 
alone 4,446 carloads of melons were shipped from the Imperial 
Valley, the warm climate making it possible to commence 
shipments as early as May. This does not conflict in any way 
with the season of the Rocky Ford growers, which is much later. 

The stock of Netted Gem or Rocky Ford which we offer is the 
result of several years' experimental work, leading toward a type 
which was completely netted, the cross sectors having been entirely 
eliminated. The flesh is light green, the seed cavity small and 
the quality superb. Rust-resistance has also been a factor in the 
selection of our stock and it will be found to be as near blight-proof 
as is possible. It is the standard crating melon, ru nnin g from forty- 
five to thirty-six to the crate. For growers whose markets demand 
a green-fleshed crating melon this variety is highly recommended. 
Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, M lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

No. 516 — Montreal Market (Green) 

Dats to Maturity, 110. This is the largest green-fleshed melon 
under cultivation. It is quite well netted, very shallow ribbed and 
in all general appearances highly attractive. It is grown profitably 
near Montreal, P. Q., under a most interesting method. The seed 
is sown in green-houses or hot beds and the plants are later set in 
sash-covered frames which offer appropriate shelter until the crop 
is nearly grown, glass being removed as the temperature allows and 
the fruit then develops in the open. Montreal Market Melons 
are shipped in large wicker baskets, holding one dozen each and 
commanding high prices on some of the eastern markets. This 
method of melon growing might be tried with success on the Honey 
Dew, which scarcely ever develops to maturity in the latitude of 
New Jersey. See special suggestions under that variety. Pkt. 10c, 
oz. 25c, M lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

No. 522— Salmon-Tinted Pollock No. 25 

Days to Maturity, 95. As noted above the Netted Gem was the 
original variety used to develop the Rocky Ford Cantaloupe in- 
dustry. From this variety, as also noted, there have been a number 
of important types developed by selection and by hybridization. 
This includes the Pollock which has been renamed the Eden Gem, 
Netted Rock, Rust-Resistant, Rocky Ford, etc. From the original 
Pollock, which was the result of hybridization, there ran two funda- 
mental colors, green and salmon-tinted, with their various com- 
binations. By individual plant selection on the part of the Rocky 
Ford Cantaloupe Seed Breeders' Association, offered about 1909, 
the Salmon-Tinted strain has been well isolated and the stock 
that we offer will be found uniform, well netted and almost solidly 
salmon-fleshed. The flavor is distinctly better than the green- 
fleshed type. The stock has been also selected for disease resistance. 
Melons will average four and three-quarter inches in length by three 
and one-quarter in breadth. They will mature one week after the 
earliest varieties. As a shipping sort our stock is highly recom- 
mended. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, y± lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 


The tables on page 3 should be of special value in making variety selections of melons 


No. 510 — Extra Early Hackensack (Green) 

Days to Maturity, 85. The old Hackensack originated about 
1870 amongst the growers near Hackensack, New Jersey; thus its 
name. The Extra Early Hackensack is a selection of that variety 
maturing two weeks earlier. Extra Early Hackensack is a green- 
fleshed variety, medium to large in size, nearly round, somewhat 
flattened, and will stand stem end upwards. The flesh is of medium 
fine texture but of good flavor. This melon is used either as an 
early market variety or as a home garden sort. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, 
\i lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

No. 512— Early Knight or Sugar Sweet 

Days to Maturity, 90. A variety developed by a Mr. Knight 
of Anne Arundel County, Maryland. Introduced about 
1908 by Geo. Taite & Sons of Norfolk. Walter P. Stokes 
offered it as Sugar Sweet in 1909. It is a melon of excellent 
flavor, of convenient and attractive size and of beautiful 
interior color — green edged with light golden yellow. The 
length will average seven inches. It is thus not only larger 
but is slightly earlier than the Netted Gem and usually brings 
a considerably better price on the markets. However, because 
of its cross-sectors, it is not recommended as a crating and 
shipping variety. For nearby markets it is ideal. The seed 
offered has been grown in New Jersey and can be highly 
recommended. (Crop Failure — cannot supply.) 


No. 528— Defender (Orange) 

Days to Maturity, 100. A variety which originated in Michigan. Intro- 
duced by Ferry in 1901. It was renamed Burrell's Gem shortly after its intro- 
duction and as such is, perhaps, better known in the Rocky Ford district. 
The fruits are medium in size, shallow ribbed and covered with a light netting. 
The flesh is tender and of a delightful flavor. The color is a bright orange 
which extends clear to the rind. It is a very vigorous variety and may be 
recommended for commercial purposes. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, lb. 75c, 1 lb. 
$2.00, postpaid. 


"No one can deny the fact that products which are poorly grown, poorly 
harvested, and poorly packed and shipped, are a direct loss to the grower and 
a serious drawback to the market. The consumer today insists on quality 
and the grower who is to succeed cannot ignore this demand. Cantaloupes 
today are grown more extensively than formerly. Competition therefore is 
more keen, and growers in the West are more handicapped, because their 
products must travel longer distances, and therefore require more care in 
handling. By selecting fruit which matures early and at the same time pos- 
sesses better edible and shipping qualities the difficulty will be at least partly 

solved." U.S. Dept. of Apr. Farm. Bull. No. 707. 



No. 526— Paul Rose (Orange) 

Days to Maturity, 100. A melon originated in 
Michigan from a specially selected stock of Mr. Morrill's 
Osage. Introduced by Vaughan, about 1896. The 
name Petoskey is often used as a synonym and refers 
to the locality in which it was first grown. The origin- 
ator was Mr. Paul Rose, thus the name. It has been 
on the market about thirty years and is a well-known 
orange-fleshed variety suitable for either home or 
market purposes. The vines are strong and pro- 
ductive. Fruits are quite similar to the Netted Gem 
but will average considerably larger. The bright 
orange flesh is very thick, firm and of delicious flavor. 
Paul Rose will prove a good investment to any grower. 
Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, M lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

DEFENDER (x 3/5) 

Pollock No. 25 is superior to the green-fleshed varieties 


EMERALD GEM (x 3/5) 

No. 520— Emerald Gem (Orange) 

Days to Maturity, 100. Introduced by Burpee in 1886. The 
name applies only to the appearance of the outside skin, which is 
dark green with a very light netting. The interior flesh is bright 
orange. As a home garden melon, we know no other variety which 
is more desirable. Unquestionably, it is the sweetest muskmelon 
cultivated in this country. The vines are vigorous and productive 
The fruits are nearly round, perhaps slightly flattened, ribbed and 
as stated above, slightly netted. The skin, although green when 
young becomes tinged with yellow as the fruit matures. The general 
size and appearance is convenient and attractive for table use. It 
is not a shipping variety, but for its edible qualities we know of no 
finer. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, M lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

i" t*?i« 

FORDHOOK (x 3/5) 

No. 524— Fordhook (Orange) 

Days to Maturity, 95. Introduced by Burpee in 1908. A melon 
somewhat similar to the old Jenny Lind type, being fiat on the ends, 
having deep cut sectors and being covered with a light netting. 
This is not a shipping variety, but as a variety for local markets or 
for home garden purposes Fordhook is highly recommended. It is 
in especial favor with the New Jersey growers. The size will average 
five and one-half inches across and three and one-half inches from 
top to bottom. The flesh is solid, of a delightful flavor and holds 
firm for some days after maturity. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, lb. 75c, 
1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

No. 530— Osage (Orange) 

Days to Maturity, 100. Originated by Mr. Rowland Morrill of 
Benton Harbor, Michigan and sold to Mr. J. C. Vaughan of Chicago 
for $1500.00, the highest price ever paid for a new variety. It was 
introduced by Mr. Vaughan about 1885. Mr. Morrill claims that 
the Osage is the result of hybridizing Orange Christiana and a melon 
known as Black Swedish. After thirty-seven 
years this melon still holds a firm position 
amongst the best American varieties. This 
fact in itself attests to its wonderful qualities. 
The flesh is a brilliant orange, and for markets 
where this color is demanded it is especially 
recommended. The vines bear profusely, 
setting fruits close to the hill and will continue 
to bear melons for a long growing season. Our 
stock will produce uniform melons weighing 
about two pounds apiece. In shape, the melon 
$fjj& is slightly elongated and is covered with a fight 
>>:\ netting over a dark green skin. The flesh is thick 
■ and the delicious golden color extends right to the 
J rind. The synonym, Miller's Cream, is sometimes 
f used in connection with Osage, this having been a 
melon of similar type, but of a different origin. 
f v. Miller's Cream was listed by Johnson & Stokes 
about 1888. Although there may have been a 
slight difference in type originally, the terms are 
now used synonymously. The Osage Melon is 
still a leader in Michigan after 35 years. We 
strongly recommend it to all who desire a high 
flavored orange-fleshed melon of attractive 
appearance. Our stock can be depended upon 
for type and uniformity. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, 
M lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

OSAGE (x 3/5) 


Emerald Gem is perhaps the most delicious of muskmelons 


White Antibes Winter or Honey Dew Melon 

No. 518 

Days to Maturity 150. A variety the origin of which has been 
erroneously described by almost the entire American seed trade. 
The story would be interesting if true but has been conclusively 
proven otherwise by Dr. D. N. Shoemaker of the Bureau of Plant 
Industry of the U. S. Department of Agriculture. The well-known 
French seedsmen, Vilmorin, Andrieux & Co., have listed the melon 
White Antibes Winter for a number of years and it might have 
been purchased long ago by any American seedsman. It is a variety 
which has been grown extensively for years in the south of France 
and more recently in Algeria for foreign shipment. The original 
fable started with one of these melons which was eaten in a New 
York restaurant. The seed was saved and finally reached Mr. 
John Gauger of Swink, Colo., who planted it in 1911 alongside of 
the Netted Gem, thinking that the two would hybridize. The seed 
was saved and the following year was planted beside a Casaba 
and it was Mr. Gauger's belief that this also hybridized. Dr. Shoe- 
maker has proven conclusively that there was no hybridization and 
that the melon which Mr. Gauger successfully raised and marketed 
a car of in 1915 and was sold as the Honey Dew Melon was nothing 
but the pure original strain of White Antibes Winter. This melon 
was popularized by Charles Weaver, a Chicago broker, and in the 
short time it has been on the market it has found an exceptionally 

quick popularity. Mr. Gauger is undoubtedly the man who is 
responsible for popularizing the melon in America but he is not the 
first man to grow it here, inasmuch as there are several records of its 
having been grown experimentally on several occasions in the United 

The Honey Dew Melon develops to a length averaging nine inches 
and a width of seven inches. It is a light greenish white until dead- 
ripe when it will turn to a pale yellow. The length of season required 
for its maturity almost excludes it from culture here in the latitude 
of New Jersey. However the melon has such an excellent flavor 
and has found such a rich sale that we urge all who can do so to 
make arrangements for starting the growth in pots under glass, later 
transferring to cold frames which can be removed after danger of 
frost is over. Unless this precaution is practiced we do not believe 
it will come to maturity on average years. The Montreal Melon 
growers have had such unqualified success in producing the Mon- 
treal Market Melon under a similar plan that we are led to believe 
that growers in our own latitude would have unqualified success if 
similar plans were adopted. The seed offered has been grown for 
us in Colorado where this melon annually attains its most perfect 
growth. California is also producing immense quantities of Honey 
Dew Melons. Generally speaking all melons of this type do better 
in a commercial way when grown west of the Mississippi River. 
Pkt. 15c, oz. 35c, y± lb. $1.00, 1 lb. $3.50, postpaid. 


{Agaricus campestris) 

Mushroom Spawn 

We offer our trade the American Spore Culture Spawn which is 
produced from the original spores of the best varieties gathered, 
germinated and propagated under the famous French process. We 
believe they are the most vigorous and prolific strain on the market 
at the present time. Although mushrooms are essentially a fall 
and winter crop there is no reason why they should not be purchased 
in the spring. The American Spore Culture Spawn brick weighs 
from 1J4 to V/i pounds and will spawn eight to ten square feet 
of beds. We keep on hand the white variety, which is generally 
preferred, but should be pleased to secure the cream or brown 
varieties if wanted in large quantity. 

Mushroom spawn is a term used commercially and includes the 
spawn proper or mycelium, a felt or thread-like growth of greyish 
white color, the brick being the carrying medium in which it is 
developed or preserved. In nature mushrooms of the Agaricus type 
are primarily reproduced by means of spores which drop from 
their gills at maturity. When germinated, these spores produce the 
thread-like growth above referred to as mycelium or.spawn. In its 
further development under certain conditions mycelium forms 
pin-heads and finally fully expanded mushrooms. Until quite 
recently the natural method of germinating the spores of the mush- 
room had remained a secret. Price: Per brick 40c, 5 bricks, $1.80, 

Try Honey Dew in the home garden 



(Citrullus vulgaris) 

No. 604— Dark Icing 

Days to Maturity, 100. A variety of Xew Jersey origin, having 
been grown there prior to 1880. It has a thin rind and, therefore, 
will not be a good shipping variety, but for home garden purposes 
and for nearby markets it is especially recommended. The fruits 
are oval in shape. The skin is a very dark green and the flesh a 

deep pink and of excellent quality. 
1 lb. SI. 50, postpaid. 

Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, H lb. 50c, 


HISTORY — This vegetable is a native of Africa, and has been known 
from a very remote period. It thrives wonderfully well around the warm 
shores of the Mediterranean. However, there is probably no country in 
which it is more popular tJian America. With us the melon-growing 
industry has reached enormous proportions. The ancients classed musk- 
melons, watermelons and all others of this family under the name of 
melon, and for this reason we do not have many of the ancient references 
to the more modern name watermelon as we do to most of the other 
vegetables which have been under cultivation for fifty centuries. The 
watermelon is very easily hybridized, and for this reason there are a 
great many varying sorts. American varieties hare mostly developed in 
New Jersey, Georgia and Florida. 

No. 600— Harris' Earliest 

Days to Maturity, 100. This melon was introduced about 1900. 
The fruits- are quite large for a variety maturing so early. They 
are oval in shape with irregular, mottled stripes of light and dark 
green. The quality of the flesh is excellent and recommends itself 
as a home garden sort. It is especially suited to culture in the more 
northerly latitudes. This type of melon is sometimes sold under 
the name of Cole's Early, which is a smaller melon and is not of 
value. For a number of years a melon grown by the late Aaron 
Paul was sold as Paul's Earliest. The name, Harris' Earliest, 
however, we believe to be standard. Seed black. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, 
14 lb. 50c, 1 lb. $1.50, postpaid. 

DARK ICING (x 1/5) 

No. 606 — Halbert Honey 

Days to Maturity, 110. A melon of Texas origin, having been 
offered by Burpee in 1902. Halbert Honey is strongly recom- 
mended for general home garden purposes. ~ It has a thin rind, 
which will not stand long distance shipping, but the quality of the 
flesh surpasses all other varieties with the possible exception of 
Kleckley Sweet. The fruits will run from twenty to twenty-five 

inches in length. Seed cream y white. 
50c, 1 lb. SI. 50, postpaid 

Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, U lb. 

No. 608 — Kleckley Sweet or Monte Cristo 

Days to Maturity, 120. Introduced by Trumbell & Beebee, 
San Francisco, Cal., 1898. A melon of thin rind. Its flesh is of the 
most delicious quality. It is probably the leading home garden 
melon at the present time. In 1908 "Walter P. Stokes offered a 
hard-shelled strain of Kleckley, which allowed it to be used for 
shipping purposes, but we still do not advocate Kleckley for ship- 
ment from the South or from Texas, as it will not hold like the 
Tom Watson. Melons will average about twenty inches in length 
and about twelve inches in diameter. The rind is a deep dark 
green and the flesh a bright scarlet. Highly recommended for home 
consumption. Pkt. 10c,ioz. 20c, 14 lb. 50c, 1 lb. $1.50, postpaid. 


No. 602 — Peerless or 

Days to Maturity, 100. Introduced as 
Peerless by Ferry about 1S85. The name 
Icecream was added later. This is one of 
the best early sorts for the home garden 
or for truckers having nearby markets. 
The rind is rather tender and will not 
stand long distance shipping. The fruits 
are of medium size, oval but medium long, 
bright green and veined with a darker 
shade. The flesh is a bright scarlet, crisp 
and sweet. Seed white. Pkt. 10c, oz. 
20c, \i lb. 50c, 1 lb. $1.50, postpaid. 


Read descriptions carefully before ordering watermelon. Some are suited to eat and some to ship 


TOM WATSON (x 1/3) 

No. 612 — Tom Watson 

Days to Maturity, 130. A comparatively new melon from Georgia, 
named for the Hon. Tom Watson. Exact date of introduction un- 
known. It was first listed by Walter P. Stokes in 1912. In the 
comparatively short time this melon has been on the market, it 
has earned a well-deserved position as a shipping variety, and from 
many viewpoints is considered to outclass all other watermelons for 
shipping purposes. The fruit of Tom Watson is extra long, running 
from eighteen to twenty-four inches in length. Diameter will be 
from ten to twelve inches. The melons have been known to run up 
to fifty or sixty pounds in weight. The rind is tough and withstands 
long distance shipment well. Seed brown. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, 
\i lb. 50c, 1 lb. $1.50, postpaid. 

No. 614— Kolb Gem 

Days to Maturity, 130. Originated in the eighties by Mr. R. F. 
Kolb, an Alabama watermelon grower. It is a hybrid from Scaly 
Bark and Rattlesnake. A large, oval melon, slightly flattened on 
the ends, mottled with irregular stripes of light and dark green. 
The rind, although comparatively thin, is hard and firm, and thus 
insures shipping qualities. The flavor is attractive, but this variety 
is not recommended for home garden purposes. Seed black. Pkt. 
5c, oz. 20c, M lb. 50c, 1 lb. $1.50, postpaid. 

No. 616 — Gypsy or Rattlesnake 

Days to Maturity, 140. A variety of over thirty years' intro- 
duction, having been originated in Georgia. A very large home 
garden and shipping melon. It is especially successful in the South. 
The fruits are fight green in color with mottled stripes of a darker 
shade. The flesh is tender and sweet. In the North this variety 
must be planted early, in order to mature properly and thus have 
the delicious flavor that has made it famous in the South. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 20c, Y± lb. 50c, 1 lb. $1.50, postpaid. 

Gem and Cuban Queen. It was intro- 
duced by Johnson & Stokes in 1890 and 
immediately came into a place of promin- 
ence. It is claimed that it will mature 
five days earlier than Kolb Gem and has 
excellent keeping qualities. It is now 
listed by over one hundred seedsmen, and, 
although the variety has been on the 
market for thirty years, it still holds a 
place of its own. The outside is a dark 
green, faintly traced with fighter stripes. 
It will be found extremely sweet, juicy 
and tender, and sometimes will develop 
to a tremendous size. Seed white. Al- 
though the flavor is of very good quality, 
it is not equal to Kleckley Sweet, Halbert 
Honey, etc., and is thus not recommended 
for a home garden sort. Pkt. 5c, oz. 20c, 
J^lb. 50c, lb. $1.50, postpaid. 



No. 609— Citron 

Days to Maturity, 100. The fruits are nearly globular in shape, 
and striped somewhat like Gypsy. The flesh is white in color and 
not edible when raw. Citron is used for preserving purposes. It 
makes a deservedly popular conserve usually familiar to every 
housewife. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, % lb. 50c, 1 lb. $1.50, postpaid. 

DIXIE •^aiittte-^-''*^^'* M&^lT " 

(x 1/5) "" ^Z^-^^^^--^''' " 

No. 610— Dixie 

Days to Maturity, 125. Originated by Mr. George Collins, of 
North Carolina, during the late eighties. It is a hybrid from Kolb 

The Tom Watson is now the great shipping melon of the South 


O N' I O N" ( AlUum 


HISTORY — A native of Western Asia, having been cultivated from the 
most remote 'period, from the references to it in Sanskrit and Hebrew. 
It is also represented on Egyptian monuments. Numerous references to 
it in Biblical history speak of the remarkable sweetness of the onions 
from Egypt. The name onion is no doubt derived from the Latin word 
Unio, meaning a single root. The Greeks and Romans, according to 
Pliny, name the different sorts after the countries or cities from which 
they came, such as Scalian which no doubt is responsible for our common 
word scallion. We are told that the Cyprus Onion "drew the most tears." 
Although ancient scientists were never able to locate the onion in its wild 
form, Vilmorin states that a Frenchman, M. Regale, discovered a plant 
in Turkistan which has the appearance of being a wild form. A similar 
discovery has also been made in recent years in the Himalayas. Unques- 
tionably, the onion is one of the oldest vegetables known to man. Even 
in England it has been cultivated for many centuries and was no doubt 
brought to America by the early settlers. Our common White Silverskin 
was introduced about 1792. 

No. 644 — Yellow Globe Danvers 

Days to Maturity, 110. Originating near Boston prior to 1850, 
and during the seventy years in which this onion has been under 
cultivation through the original strain or those from which they 
have been selected, it has established a leading place among the 
large onion growers. Yellow Globe Danvers is globe-shaped, being 
just as high as it is broad. The globes will average three inches 
through, the outside skin being a rich yellow color, and the inside 
flesh a creamy white, crisp, mild and sweet. It will produce well 
from seed grown in the open ground. The stock we offer has been 
grown from selected bulbs. The neck is small and the onion in 
every particular will be found to be uniform. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, 
\i lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.50, postpaid. 

No. 648— Southport Yellow Globe 

Days to Maturity, 110. An onion originated in Connecticut, 
apparently near the town of Southport, which is on Long Island 
Sound just west of Bridgeport. A globe-shaped bulb averaging 
from three to three and one-half inches in diameter. Its color is a 
rich, golden yellow, the inside flesh being creamy white, mild, tender 
and sweet. It is slightly larger than Yellow Globe Danvers, and is 
a variety that is held in high esteem by commercial growers. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 25c, \i lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.50, postpaid. 

No. 654— Ohio Yellow Globe 

Days to Maturity, 120. This variety is a selection from the older 
Yellow Globe Danvers, the type being fixed by certain growers in 
Lake County, Ohio. The bulb of Ohio Yellow will be considerably 
flatter, than the Yellow Globe Danvers. The skin will be a light, 
yellowish copper, and the flesh a creamy white, which is crisp, mild 
and sweet. The keeping qualities of Ohio Yellow Globe have been 
proven highly satisfactory, and as a variety to be produced in large 
onion-growing operations it can be relied upon. Our strain is from 
selected bulbs only. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, % lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.50, 



Barletta is an excellent pickling onion 


No. 646 — Yellow Dutch, or Strasburg 

Days to Maturity, 110. A very old variety, listed under the name 
of Large Yellow Strasburg by Landreth in 1826. Apparently the 
first introduction by the name of Yellow Dutch was about 1848, 
when it was listed as such by Comstock, Ferre & Company. The 
bulbs of this onion are much flatter than any of the other yellow- 
skinned varieties. They will average about three inches in diameter 
and from one and one-half to two inches from top to bottom. The 
outside skin is a straw-colored yellow, the flesh a creamy white, mild 
and sweet. The tops ripen down comparatively early, and the variety 
is of fair keeping quality. Yellow Dutch, or Strasburg, is used for 
the production of the finest grade onion sets. They will make by all 
means the handsomest sample of any of the yellow 
varieties. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, H lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.50, 

No. 652— Southport Red Globe 

Days to Maturity, 110. This variety originated in 
the Southport, Conn., onion district. Listed by John- 
son & Stokes in 1889. The shape of the globe is similar 
to the Southport "White and Yellow Globe. The color 
is a rich red, and the skin has a glossy appearance. The 
neck is very small. The inside flesh is white, tinged 
with purple. Shipping and storing qualities are excel- 
lent. Pkt. 10c, oz. 40c, M lb. $1.00, 1 lb. $3.25, 

No. 642— Large Red Wethersfield 

Days to Maturity, 100. Another American variety 
which originated in the Connecticut onion-growing dis- 
trict prior to 1863, and named from the town of Wethers- 
field, Conn. The general shape of the Large Red 
Wethersfield is spherical, being flattened at the ends. 
In some respects it resembles the shape of the Ohio 
Yellow Globe. The neck is very small. The tops 
when grown are long, slender and clear-green colored. 
The outside skin is a beautiful red, and the inside flesh 
tinged with red. The flesh is more pungent than any 
other variety. Pkt. 10c, oz. 40c, M lb. $1.00, 1 lb. 
$3.25, postpaid. 


No. 650 — Mammoth Yellow Prizetaker 

Days to Maturity, 110. Introduced by Johnson & Stokes in 1887 
as Spanish King Prizetaker. The name Spanish is still retained by 
some seedsmen, but for the sake of simplicity we have discontinued 
its use. This onion, during the first years of its introduction, was 
imported annually from near Barcelona, Spain. It is a type of the 
famous Spanish onion, as will be remembered by those of a genera- 
tion ago. When fully matured it will average four inches in diameter. 
The color of the outside skin is a rich yellow, while the flesh inside is 
white, mild and sweet. Under special cultivation these bulbs have 
been known to weigh as much as five pounds apiece. As an onion 
for fall and early winter use. Mammoth Yellow Prizetaker is very 
highly recommended. It will not prove, however, to be a good 
winter keeper, such as the Southports or as Yellow Globe Danvers. 
In many respects it rivals the well-known and justly famous Bermuda 
onions, which are so largely grown in Texas along the Mexican 
frontier. Pkt. 10c, oz. 40c, J£ lb. $1.40, 1 lb. $4.50, postpaid. 



STRASBURG (x 2/3) 


Our onion sets are carefully .selected. See pagej>0 


COMPANY «osso> 



No. 640 — White Portugal, or Silverskin 

Days to Matuhity, 95. A very old variety of European origin, 
probably Portugal. Introduced into this country from England 
as early as 1793 by Minton Collins, of Richmond, Virginia. At that 
time he carried not only the Portugal Onion, but the White Silver- 
skin Onion. This variety is slightly larger in diameter, but very 

flat compared to the Southport White Globe. The bulb will be 
about three and one-half inches through, is a pure, white color, hav- 
ing an especially clear, white skin. It is quite popular among growers 
of fancy onion sets. In order to preserve the pure, white effect, 
care must be taken not to expose the sets to the sun. This can be 
prevented by always having them covered with soil. Pkt. 10c, oz. 
40c, % lb. $1.00, 1 lb. $3.25, postpaid. 

No. 656— Southport White Globe 

Dats to Maturity, 120. A variety originating in the Southport, 
Conn., onion district. It was listed by Ferry in 1888. As a standard 
commercial white onion, Southport White Globe holds a position 
of its own. The bulb is globular in shape, being slightly flattened 
at the shoulder and rounded at the base. Crystal white in color 
and with pure, white flesh, which is mild in flavor and most pro- 
ductive as a table variety. It is an excellent shipping and storing 
onion, and will keep longer than the Bermudas. Pkt. 10c, oz. 40c, 
34 lb. $1.00, 1 lb. $3.25, postpaid. 

No. 658— Early Barletta 

Will mature large flat bulbs only in southern latitudes. However, 
in the north it produces small high quality pickling onions in 75 
da5 r s. The bulbs are white skinned and quite similar to Queen 
which is not listed for that reason. The seed is sown in the spring 
as thickly as 45 to 50 lbs. per acre and not thinned. Pkt. 15c, oz. 
45c, H lb. $1.25, 1 lb. $4.00, postpaid. 


Bottom Sets 

There is such a vast difference between the ordinary commercial 
onion set and the so-called Philadelphia onion set, that we would 
call the special attention of our trade to the fact that we handle 
only local grown sets. These have been produced from seed of the 
best grade, and have been grown and harvested with the greatest 
care. The result is a handsome, uniform, solid onion set, of far 
greater value than the regular commercial grades. The latter are 
very often soft, and have long tops and necks and otherwise are 
unsatisfactory. There are three kinds: yellow bottom sets, white 
bottom sets and red bottom sets. They are sold by the pound. 

Per lb. Per 10 lbs. 

Silverskin (White) 25c $2.25] 

Red Wethersfield (Red) 25c 2.25 \ Postpaid 

Yellow Dutch or Strasburg (Yellow) 25c 2.25 J 

Write for prices on larger quantities. 
Note: Onion set prices are subject to revision upward or down. 




For market gardeners' wholesale prices, see pages 97-98 



(Petroselinum hortense) 

PARSLEY (x 1/5) 

HISTORY — Apparently a native of the Island of Sardinia. Pliny, 
however, stales that the Sardinian parsley was of a venomous quality. 
However, M. de Candolle considered it to be wild in the Mediterranean 
region. From time immemorial it has been served at funeral feasts. 
Parsley was introduced into England in 1542, the second year of the 
reign of Edward Sixth. Gerard speaks of it as being "delightf ul to the 
taste and agreeable to the stomacke." Our best parsley still comes from 

No. 700 — Champion Moss Curled 

Days to Maturity, 65. Known in this country at least from the 
time of Minton Collins in 1793 as Curled Parsley. The other pre- 
fixes have apparently been added during the last thirty or forty 
years. This variety grows to a height of about eight inches. The 
color is a rich, dark green and the leaves are very finely cut. The 
compact curled leaves are excellent for garnishing, and, although 
sometimes used for flavoring, we do not recommend them for this 
purpose as highly as either Hamburg Turnip Rooted or Plain. For 
all general purposes, however, Champion Moss Curled and Emerald 
are, perhaps, the leading varieties. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, ]4 lb. 40c, 
1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 

Emerald Curled 


Days to Maturity, 65. This variety is somewhat more finely 
curled and of a brighter green color. It is somewhat superior to 
Moss Curled as a garden variety. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, y± lb. 40c, 
1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. , 

No. 704— Plain 

Days to Maturity, 70. Cultivated in this country since the . 
early days, Booth having listed it in 1810. This variety is not 
as compact as the Champion Moss Curled, and the leaves are 
flat and deeply cut. Plain parsley is very desirable for flavoring 
and for drying. It is not used extensively for garnishing. Be- 
cause of its pungent flavor and because of its general hardy 
qualities, it is considered very valuable. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, 34 lb. 
40c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 

No. 710 — Hamburg Turnip Rooted 

Days to Maturity, 90. No doubt this variety originated in 
Northern Europe. It has been grown in this country for about 
one hundred years, Sinclair and Moore having offered it in 1826. The root 
is the edible part of this variety, resembling in color and shape the root of the 
parsnip. The leaves are very similar to those of Plain parsley, and are especially 
desirable for flavoring and drying. The roots may be stored for winter use very 
profitably. This is not a garnishing variety, but for the purposes desired 
Hamburg is a very valuable sort. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, l /i lb. 40c, 1 lb. $1.25, 


(Pastinaca sativa) 

HISTORY — A native of Europe, well known to the Romans, but probably not 
long before the Christian Era. Apparently parsnip developed in the more northerly 
parts of Europe. Pliny gives a detailed account of how parsnips were brought from 
Germany for the Emperor Tiberius, as it was considered that the parsnips from 
certain parts of the Rhine valley were superior to all others. Gerard speaks of 
parsnips, showing that they were well known in England during the sixteenth 

No. 725 — Hollow Crown or Guernsey 

Days to Maturity, 130. A variety known in this country for over half a 
century. Gregory listed it in 1866. A variety in very general use for table 
purposes or for stock feed. The root will attain a length of from eight to ten 
inches. The color is pure white, uniformly smooth and of excellent quality. 
The name, Hollow Crown, is derived from the depression, out of which the 
leaves grow, at the crown of the root. For the best results, care should be 
taken in the preparation of the soil, so that it may be loosened to a depth of 
about ten inches. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, U lb. 50c, fib. $1.50, postpaid. 



Moss Curled and Emerald for garnishing; Plain and Hamburg for flavoring 



V f 






(Pisum sativum) 

HISTORY — Of uncertain origin, but probably a native of Central 
Europe or the mountains of Central Asia. They have been cultivated 
by man from a very remote time. They take their name from the Greek 
word Pisa, a town of Elis, where peas grew very plentifully. In 1596, 
they were spelled Peson in England, thence the present spelling. Pliny, 
in the first century, refers to ancient writers having spoken of peas and 
we have numerous references to them in Biblical history, especially 
amongst the Hebrews. We are told that at Damascus there were many 
shops where people did nothing else but fry peas, as they were considered 
to be especially fine for travelers. Dioscorides, the physician to Anthony 
and Cleopatra, recommended them very highly. A. de Candolle is of the 
opinion that peas were known to the Aryans 2000 years before Christ, 
and that they, perhaps, brought them into Greece and Italy. Peas have 
also been found in the Swiss Lake dwellings of the Bronze Period. Peas 
were further introduced in England during the reign of Henry VIII. 
Hovjever, they were very rare until at least the time of Gerard in Eliza- 
beth's reign. The industry in America has assumed vast proportions. 
Several new varieties of merit have been developed by American seed 
pea growers. In the earlier days most of these came out of New York 
stale and Michigan, but of late the bulk of all seed pea operations has 
been located in the Northwest. 

No. 750— Alaska, or Earliest of All 

Days to Maturity, 45. Introduced about 1881 as Laxton's Earliest 
of All by Mr. Thomas Laxton, of Bedford, England. Offered in 
America as Earliest of All by Thorburn in 1882. Later renamed by 
Cleveland and called Cleveland's Alaska. It was listed as such by 
Johnson & Stokes prior to 1889, and commercially the name Alaska 
is now the more common of the two. This variety is the earliest in 
existence. The plant attains a height of two feet. The foliage is a 
light green color. The pods are slightly lighter than the foliage, and 
will average from two to two and one-half inches in length, being 
blunt at the apex when fully developed. There will be from four to 
six peas to the pod. The dry seeds are pale bluish green. The crop 
will mature promptly, and one picking is sufficient. This variety 
is in very large use amongst the commercial canners, and is also 
grown for general market and home garden purposes. Pkt. 10c, 
Yi pt. 20c, pt. 35c, qt. 60c, Y 2 pk. $2.25, postpaid. 


No. 752— Pedigree Extra Early 

Days to Maturity, 47. A very old variety. 
Named by Landreth in 1823. Dr. Sturtevant 
(1885) states that it is quite probable that 

the present Extra Early originated from a selection of Daniel 
O'Rourke (1853), which was preceded by Early Kent and Early 
Frame, two very old English sorts. The name, First and Best, 
was given it by Cleveland, although this name had been attached 
rather loosely to other varieties. "Pedigree Extra Early" is a 
strain developed by Messrs. N. B. Keeney & Son, Leroy, New York, 
after several years' work of selection for size, earliness and quality. 
The plant will attain a height of twenty inches. It is slightly darker, 
more prolific and bearing pods sweeter than the Alaska. These 
pods are slightly darker in color and will attain a length of about 
two and one-half inches. Pedigree Extra Early is a variety especially 
recommended where the actual edible quality is a consideration. 
Pkt. 10c, H pt. 20c, pt. 35c, qt. 60c, y 2 pk. $2.25, postpaid. 

No. 758 — Ameer 

Days to Maturity, 55. Sometimes known as Large-Podded 
Alaska. The vines of this variety grow to a height of three feet, 
producing' pods two and three-quarter inches long, blunt at the end, 
slightly curved. They are borne along the vine frequently in pairs. 
The seed is slightly larger than Alaska, somewhat more dented and 
a bluish-green color. Pkt. 10c, ]4. Pt. 20c, pt. 35c, qt. 60c, l /% pk. 
$2.25, postpaid. 

No. 756— Prolific Early Market 

Days to Maturity, 55. The vines will average two feet in height, 
and will produce pods two and three-quarter inches in length, blunt 
at the end, light green in color. They will be found considerably 
larger in general proportions than Pedigree Extra Early. A highly 
recommended pea for home or market garden purposes. Pkt. 10c, 
Yi pt. 20c, pt. 35c, qt. 60c, y> pk. $2.25, postpaid. 


For market gardeners' wholesale prices, see pages 97-98 


What is more delicious in June than the sweet, tender, freshly picked peas ? Weekly 
one-pint plantings, in rows 100 feet long, will provide for the average family table. 


No. 770 — Sutton's Excelsior 

Days to Maturity, 60. Introduced originally by Sutton, of Eng- 
land, and listed in this country by Farquhar & Company, of Boston, 
in 1902. It has largely taken the place of the Nott's Excelsior and 
the American Wonder, its great merit being its handsome, large 
pods, which grow on such dwarf vines, the vines attaining a height 
of fifteen inches. The pods will average three inches in length. The 

seed is a pale green, wrinkled, medium large. 
20c, pt. 40c, qt. 75c, Yi pk. $2.75, postpaid. 

Pkt. 10c, Yl pt. 

No. 766— Pilot 

Days to Maturity, 60. A pea of English origin, originally being 
a selection from the Gradus. Walter P. Stokes was one of the first 
seedsmen in America to recognize the value which this pea held for 
the commercial grower. He offered it in 1913. The seeds are hard 
and round and thus may be planted earlier than such tender varieties 
as^ Gradus and Thomas Laxton. It will not mature in a less number 
of J days, but because it may be planted earlier in the season, it will 

mature earlier in the season. Pilot is not recommended for home 
garden purposes, inasmuch as the sugar content is very much lower 
than the more wrinkled varieties from which this came. The height 
of the vine will reach nearly three feet when mature. The pea will 
be four inches long. The seed is round and hard, varying from light 
green to creamy white. Pkt. 10c, Yz pt. 20c, pt. 40c, qt. 75c, 
Y% pk. $2.75, postpaid. 

No. 754 — American Wonder 

Days to Maturity, 55. One of the earliest wrinkled peas under 
cultivation. It originated with Mr. Charles Arnold, of Canada, 
about 1878, from a claimed cross between Champion of England 
and McLean's Little Gem. The vines will average between twelve 
and fifteen inches, producing pods two and one-half inches in length, 
round and crowded to the end with peas. This crowding often 
makes the peas appear almost square. It is a variety which re- 
sponds quickly to high cultivation. It has the peculiarity of pro- 
ducing leaves on the side of the stalk. Dried seeds green, wrinkled, 
medium in size, often square at ends. Pkt. 10c, Yi pt. 20c, pt. 
35c, qt. 60c, Yt, pk. $2.25, postpaid. 


Do not allow your peas to grow too old before gathering. Make frequent plantings instead 


(Natural Size) ] 

No. 760 — Laxtonian 

Days to Maturity, 57. Dwarf pea with large, 
handsome Gradus pods. It will mature slightly 
earlier than Gradus and about the same time as 
Thomas Laxton. The height of the vines will 
average fifteen inches and the pods three and 
one-half inches. They are slightly curved, 
making a broad sweep to the point. The pods 
are inclined to bear more abundantly along the 
top of the vine and less along the stalk, making 
it easy to pick and heavy yielding. One of the 
best peas for private or commercial growing. 
The seed is light-cream color, tinged with pale 
green, large and wrinkled. Pkt. 10c, Yi pt. 20c, 
pt. 40c, qt. 75c, Yi pk. $2.75, postpaid. 

No. 764 — Gradus 

Days to Maturity, 60. The height of the 
vines will reach from thirty to thirty-six inches. 
Gradus is a variety with a pod nearly as large 
as Telephone. It is quick to germinate, maturing 
splendidly under good conditions, but very disap- 
pointing under adverse conditions. The foliage 
is large and luxuriant. The pods will attain a 
length of four inches, straight, slightly rounded at 
the point. Seed is large, wrinkled, cream colored, 
tinged with green. Pkt. 10c, Yi pt. 20c, pt. 
40c, qt. 75c, Yi pk. $2.75, postpaid. 


GRADUS (Natural Size) 


No. 762— Thomas Laxton 

Days to Maturity, 57. A variety having 
been originated in England by Mr. Thomas 
Laxton, of Bedford, a noted English horticul- 
turist. This pea is hardy and slightly earlier 
than Gradus and a more abundant yielder. The 
pods resemble Gradus in shape, excepting that 
they are blunt ended. They will attain a length 
of three and one-quarter inches. They are 
straight, inclined toward roundness and are well 
filled. The vine will grow to a height of thirty 
inches. The seed is large, cream color, blended 
with pale green, wrinkled. Pkt. 10c, Y2 pt. 20c. 
pt. 40c, qt. 75c, Y2 pk. $2.75, postpaid. 

No. 768— Little Marvel 

Days to Maturity, 60. The vines of this 
variety will grow to a height of fifteen inches, 
producing pods two and three-quarters to three 
inches in length. This variety resembles the 
Nott's Excelsior in vines, habit of growth and 
quality. The pods are considerably longer, 
very often being produced in pairs. They are 
straight, slightly broader than Nott's Excelsior, 
but not so broad as Sutton's Excelsior. It is 
a highly recommended variety for home garden 
purposes. The seed is green, wrinkled and of 
medium size. Pkt. 10c, Y2 Pt- 20c, pt. 40c. 
qt. 75c, Yi pk. $2.75, postpaid. 

Laxtonian and Thos. Laxton are two very highly recommended varieties. They do not require brushing 



(Natural Size) 


Mammoth Podded Sugar 

Days to Maturity, 70. An edible pod variety which 
has been under cultivation for a great many years. The 
pods are picked when half grown and prepared for the 
table very much the same as snap beans. The pods will 
attain a length of about four and one-half inches and a width of 
about one inch. However, they will be comparatively thin from 
side to side. The dry seed is purple-brown and the blossom is blue- 
purple. This variety we believe to be the same as Mammoth 
Melting Sugar. It is very prolific and will attain a height of from 
four to five feet. 

We would strongly advocate the more general planting of edible 
podded peas. A trial will very often give them a permanent place 
in the garden. Sow the same as other sorts. Brushing is desirable. 
Pkt. 10c, y 2 pt. 20c, pt. 40c, qt. 75c, Yi pk. $2.75, postpaid. 

No. 780 — Long Island Mammoth 
or Telegraph 

Days to Maturity, 75. Originated in 1868 by Mr. Wm. Culverwell, 
an Englishman who claimed a cross between Veitch's Perfection and 
Laxton's Prolific. The name Long Island Mammoth is of American 
origin. The plant will grow to a height of from four to five feet, 
with heavy light-green foliage. The pods, about the same color as 
the foliage, will average from three to three and one-half inches in 
length, assuming a ribbed appearance as they approach maturity, 
tapering gradually to the apex. There will be five to eight peas to 
the pod, somewhat compressed when fully grown. The dried seeds 
are a pale, dull green, shading to creamy white, slightly indented. 
This variety is very prolific, rather late, and maturing its crop 
gradually, so that there may be several pickings. It is a pea which 
will come on the market 4 or 5 days after most other varieties have 
gone, and its drought-resistant qualities recommend it for late growing 
purposes. When grown for the home garden, brushing is desirable. 
Pkt. 10c, Yi pt. 20c, pt. 40c, qt. 75c, Yi pk. $2.75, postpaid. 


(Natural Size) 

TELEPHONE (Natural Size) 

No. 776— Telephone 

Days to Maturity, 70. An English variety introduced by Carter 
during the decade following 1870, and introduced into this country 
about 1880. The plant attains a height of about four feet, and its 
heavy foliage protects the newly forming pods against intense heat. 
Although in the original type the pod was a light green, by intro- 
ducing Alderman blood it is now a rich dark green. The pods will 
grow from a length of three and one-half to four inches and a width 
of three-fourths of an inch. There will be from five to ten peas in 
the pod. The dried seeds vary in color from pale green to almost 
white. The are shriveled and indented. Telephone is prolific, 
medium to late in season, and matures its crop promptly. When 
grown for home garden, brushing is desirable. Pkt. 10c, Yz Pt. 
20c, pt. 40c, qt. 75c, Yz pk. $2.75, postpaid. 

No. 778— Champion of England 

Days to Maturity, 75. One of the oldest English varieties, but 
exact place and date of origin are uncertain. Records seem to show 
that it was introduced into America about 1850. The plant will 
attain a height of four feet. The foliage is pale green. The pods 
are the same color as the foliage, attaining a length of three inches 
and a width of five-eighths of an inch. They will very often be 
borne in pairs, and are very blunt at the apex, when fully developed. 
They will average from 5 to 8 peas to the pod. The dried seeds are 
olive green, shading to creamy white, much shriveled. Champion of 
England is very prolific, although rather late, maturing its crop grad- 
ually. When grown for home garden purposes, brushing is desirable. 
Pkt. 10c, Yi Pt. 20c, pt. 40c, qt. 75c, Y. pk. $2.75, postpaid. 

Note — Credit should be given Messrs. N. B. Kenney & Son for many of these pea photographs, 
type and close to scale as noted. 


They will be found accurate as to 

See page 3 for variety tables 




HISTORY — A native of South America, the generic name of this 
plant being derived from the Greek word signifying to bile. This 
plant was first mentioned by Martyr in 1493, according to Irving's 
Life of Columbus. His book stales that Columbus "brought back 
pepper more pungent than that from Caucasus," apparently having 
compared it with the black pepper of commerce from the oriental 
countries. There is evidence to show that it was cultivated by the 
natives in Tropical and South America, long before Columbus' 
discovery. According to Gerard it was brought into European 
gardens about 1600. First reference of pepper to be used as a condi- 
ment is apparently by CJiauca, physician to the fleet of Columbus. 
Henderson claims that our common garden pepper {Capsicum 
Annum) is a native of India, but this statement is not substantiated, 
and inasmuch as the evidence is so strongly in favor of South 
American origin, we do not believe he is correct. Vilmorin slates 
definitely South America, and Phillips gives it the name of Guinea 
pepper, which goes to show the prevailing opinion of France and 
England during the nineteenth century. 

RUBY KING (x 3/4) 

RUBY GIANT (x 3/4) 

No. 830— Neapolitan (Hot) 

Days to Maturity, 125. An upright variety of quite 
recent introduction. This pepper is very prolific, 
producing well-formed, upright fruits thickly amongst 
the upper leaves of the plant. They are a beautiful 
light green in color until they are ripe, when they change 
to a beautiful glowing red. They will average about 
three inches in length. Pkt. 10c, oz. 50c, lb. SI. 50, 
1 lb. $5.00, postpaid. 

No. 832— Pimiento (Mild) 

Days to Maturity, 130. A pepper originating in 
Georgia within the last ten years, being of medium 
size, absolutely uniform, spherical at the top and 
tapering down to the point. Having a most delicious 
flavor, it is one of the most desirable varieties for the 
home garden. The beautiful olive-green color turns 
to a brilliant scarlet when it is ripe. The flesh is thick, 
but the skin may be easily peeled off by scalding the 
pepper. It is especially desirable for stuffing. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 50c, Y A lb. $1.50, 1 lb. $5.00, postpaid. 


No. 834— Ruby King (Mild) 

Days to Maturity, 140. Introduced by Burpee in 
1884. For thirty-five years this pepper has held a 
leading place amongst all varieties. The plant will 
grow to a height of about two feet. It is 'vigorous and 
productive. Fruits will run from four to four and 
one-half inches in length, and are usually three lobed. 
The flesh is thick and mild ; very desirable for slicing. 
Fruits are deep green, turning to a ruby red when 
ripe. Pkt. 10c, oz. 60c, % lb. $1.75, 1 lb. $6.00, 

No. 836— Bell or Bull Nose (Hot) 

Days to Maturity, 140. Probably of French origin. 
Listed by Sinclair and Moore 1826. This variety is 
extremely pungent and must not be used for the same 
purposes as the mild varieties. In shape it is slightly 
thicker at the stem end than Rub}- King, but it 
is shorter, going to more of a point. The deep green 
color of the flesh turns to a brilliant red on ripening. 
Pkt. 10c, oz. 60c, M lb. $1.75, 1 lb. $5.00, postpaid 

PIMIENTO (x 5/6) 

No. 838— Red Chili (Hot) 

Days to Maturity, 145. Offered by Henderson in 
1877. No doubt of South American origin. A very 
pungent variety, whose fruits are about two inches 
long and from one-third to one-half inch in diameter. 
Color, green to scarlet. Pkt. 10c, oz. 50c, % lb. 
$1.50, 1 lb. $5.00, postpaid. 

No. 839— Long Red Cayenne (Hot) 

Days to Maturity, 145. A very old variety listed by 
Landreth in 1826. This pepper attains a length of 
about four inches, tapering irregularly to a point. At 
the top, it will be about one and one-half inches in diam- 
eter. Color, green to scarlet. Extremely pungent. 
Care must be taken in handling. Pkt. 10c, oz. 50c, 
14 lb. $1.50, 1 lb. $5.00, postpaid. 



Be sure not to confuse hot and mild sorts. Read descriptions carefully 



No. 840— Chinese Giant (Mild) 

Days to Maturity, 150. A variety introduced by Burpee in 1900. 
It is the largest and latest of the peppers known in this country. 
The fruits will average four and one-half inches in length, which 
usually are divided into four or five lobes. They are about four 
inches in diameter. The flesh is thick, mild, of a rich dark green, 
turning to red at maturity. Pkt. 15c, oz. 75c, H lb. $2.00, 1 lb. 
$7.00, postpaid. 

No. 841— Ruby Giant (Mild) 

Days to Maturity, 150. Supposed to be a hybrid of Ruby King 
and Chinese Giant, the cross having been made about 1912 by a 
New Jersey grower. This variety will run almost uniformly four 
lobes to each fruit. The length of the peppers will very often run 
about five inches. Side walls are thick, and the quality excellent. 
The deep-green color turns to a rich ruby red on maturity. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 60c, yi lb. $1.75, 1 lb. $6.00, postpaid. 

Beautify your vegetable garden with 
a planting of flowers. We list 
all the principal sorts. 

CHINESE GIANT (Natural Size) 


{Cucurbita pepo) 

HISTORY — Botanists have placed its origin in Tropical America, although no wild forms have been located with a certainty. At the time of 
the Discovery pumpkins and squash appear to have been grown by the Indians in their corn fields along the Atlantic Seacoast. The Island of 
Nantucket had a very warty variety which gave rise to our common field pumpkin. During Revolutionary days in this country, a crude form 
of syrup was obtained from pumpkin and used as a sugar substitute. See history of Squash. 


No. 850— Small Sugar 

Days to Maturity, 70. An old standard variety, especially 
popular in New England, where it is sometimes spoken of as New 
England Pie. It is especially desirable for pie purposes, and is a 
close rival to Pie or Winter Luxury, which it resembles. The size 
will average between eight and ten inches in diameter. The fruits 
are deep orange colored, slightly ribbed. The flesh is a rich yellow, 
of the very highest quality. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, }i lb. 60c, 1 lb. 
$2.00, postpaid. 

No. 852 — Pie or Winter Luxury 

Days to Maturity, 75. A variety known in this country about 
thirty years. The name Winter Luxury was given to a special 
strain of it by Johnson & Stokes in 1893. This is the very best 
quality pumpkin for pie purposes that is cultivated. The skin is 
light yellow, comparatively smooth and covered with a very light 
gray netting. The flesh is tender and has all the qualtities desired 
for cooking purposes. These pumpkins will average between ten 
and twelve inches in diameter and eight inches from top to bottom. 
They will grow very uniform and their general field appearance 
is most attractive. This variety is highly recommended for home 
gardeners and for truckers who sell direct to the consumer. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 20c, lb. 60c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

See page 75 for pepper plants 



No. 854 — Golden Crookneck Cushaw 

Days to Maturity, 80. A standard American variety offered by 
B. K. Bliss as early as 1844. As its name indicates, it is a golden 
fleshed crookneck variety. The quality is very good, and it is recom- 
mended for pie purposes. Its curved length from one end to the 
other will average two feet. The general shape will vary some- 
what. The cavity is small. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, M lb. 60c, 1 lb. 
$2.00, postpaid. 

No. 856 — Green-Striped Cushaw 

Days to Maturity, 80. A standard American variety. The name 
of this sort is also descriptive. The color is a creamy white, irreg- 
ularly striped with green. The fruits are very large, globular at 
one end and slightly crooked and smaller at the other. A productive 
sort, which is in strong favor amongst a great many planters. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 20c, 14 lb. 60c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

No. 858 — Kentucky Field or Sweet Cheese 

Days to Maturity, 90. One of the oldest varieties cultivated in 
America, listed by Sinclair and Moore in 1826. The fruits are 
large, round, flattened, having a cream-colored surface, mottled 
with green when fully ripe. The flesh is yellow, tender and of good 
quality. It is a good keeper. Not recommended for the more 
northerly latitudes. Pkt. 5c, oz. 15c, lb. 40c, 1 lb. $1.25, 


No. 860— Connecticut Field or Big Tom 

Days'to Maturity, 90. The Connecticut Field is an old American 
variety. The name Big Tom was given to a special selection of it 
by Johnson & Stokes several years ago. The names are now con- 
sidered synon3Tnous. This pumpkin will attain a size of about 
twenty inches in diameter. It is a strong, vigorous grower. The 
outside color of the pumpkin is reddish orange and the inside flesh 
is an orange yellow. It is very solid, fine-grained and slightly 
ribbed. This pumpkin is grown extensively for canning purposes, 
and it is not advised for home consumption, as its quality is not 
equal to Pie or Winter Luxury or Small Sugar. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, 
M lb. 60c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

No. 862 — King of the Mammoths 

Days to Maturity, 90. A pumpkin of French origin offered! by 
Johnson & Stokes as King of the Mammoths in 1885, the heaviest 
specimen, according to our records, being two hundred forty-five 
pounds. They will often be three feet in diameter. They are 
rounded in shape and flattened at the top and bottom. The outside 
color is a fight salmon-orange and the inside a bright yellow. We 
do not recommend King of the Mammoths for home consumption, 

but as a sfiow pumpkin it has no peer. 
60c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, 14 lb. 




Study descriptions for the best pumpkins for pies 


P TP^^.TP O (Solanum tuberosum) 

HISTORY — Native of the high valleys of the Andes; Chile, Peru and 
Mexico. The name has evidently been given it from the word Batata, 
the Indian name for sweet potato. It was also called Papas. Apparently 
the first specimens to be brought from the New World came from Quito, 
and from Spain they were gradually disseminated through Europe, first 
to Italy, thence to Mons, Belgium. The governor of Mons, recognizing 
the great possibilities of the new genera, sent specimens to the celebrated 
botanist Clusius in Vienna in 1598. During this time, however, the 
English had also discovered the great value of potatoes as a vegetable. 
Sir Walter Raleigh has credit for bringing the potato to Ireland in 1586. 
They were planted in Sir Walter's estate in Cork and soon had a reputa- 
tion throughout all of Ireland, where it was known many years in 



advance of England. This fact no doubt accounts for the common 
expression Irish potato. Credit seems also due to two English admirals, 
Drake and Hawkins, who claim to have brought the potato from Quito 
within a year of Raleigh's bringing the potato from Virginia. Ten years 
later Gerard speaks of growing potatoes in his famous garden in Holborn, 
London. The cultivation of the potato as a field crop did not become 
common throughout the continent for 75 years. At the present time, 
however, it is one of the most important world crops. Vilmorin places 
the" t number of so-called varieties of potatoes at many thousand. In his 
book "The Vegetable Garden," however, he is able to classify these under 
40 principal types, and this number certainly should be sufficient for all 
distinct American varieties. 

American Giant 

This variety is elongated in shape, slightly flat with a bright cream 
color skin and considered suitable for cooking and baking purposes. 
It is slightly later than Irish Cobbler, but not quite so late as Green 
Mountain. This variety originated in Washington County, New 
York. The acreage spread from the place of its origin into Clinton 
County, where there is a large acreage grown for seed purposes. 

Green Mountain 

This is a standard main crop variety extensively used in New 
Jersey and vicinity. It is of exceptionally high quality and usually 
sells at a premium on the Eastern markets. The tubers are oblong 
and broad in shape with the skin a dull cream or light russet 
color, frequently having brown splashes toward the seed end. The 
sprouts are usually creamy white in color while the flowers are 
also white. 

Early Rose 

This is usually the first variety which appears 
on the early market and is widely grown for 
this purpose. Its tubers are roundish, oblong 
and somewhat flat, while the skin is flesh 
colored or pink. The sprouts are a deep rose- 
lilac in color while the flowers are usually 
white. This one is not as prolific as some of 
the later sorts, but is extremely early. 

Irish Cobbler 

This is a standard early variety and is the first 
white skinned potato which appears on the 
market. Thousands of acres are annually 
grown and the yields usually run as high as 
with the main crop varieties. The tubers are 
roundish in shape, while the skin is creamy 
white. The sprouts are tinged with magenta 
but sometimes this color is absent. The 
flowers are usually a light rose-purple, but 
in hot weather are sometimes white. The 
quality of the tuber is very high, and in the 
opinion of many consumers there is none 

superior as a baking potato. AMERICAN GIANT (Natural Size) 

Prices of above varieties: (Note: Potato prices are postpaid with the exception of the pecks, which are sent express prepaid.) 
Qt. 25c, Yi pk. 75c, pk. $1.25. As all potato prices are subject to change either upward or downward, we do not guarantee these 
prices. For larger quantities prices may be had on application. 


1st early, Early Rose; 2nd early, Irish Cobbler; 3d early, American Giant; late, Green Mountain 



(Raphanus sativus) 

HISTORY — Probably a native of Asia. Although the original wild 
plant has never been identified, there seems to be some question whether 
our cultivated radish has developed from the wild radish as we now 
know it. Phillip, in his History of Cultivated Vegetables, 1822, places 
China as the origin. In any event, because of the accounts left by ancient 
naturalists, its culture apparently has come down from the most remote 
times. The Greeks were especially fond of them, and in their sacred 
offerings to Apollo in the Temple of Delphi, radishes were always served 
on beaten gold, whereas turnips were served on lead and beets on silver. 
An ancient Greek writer thought so well of the radish that he devoted an 
entire book to the subject. Pliny speaks at length on the radish, referring 
especially to those from Egypt. He states that salt grounds no doubt 
produced the sweetest sorts. Pliny speaks of single radishes weighing 
as high as forty pounds apiece, while we are assured by other authors 
that they were known to grow to weigh one hundred pounds. Radishes 
were introduced into France arid England about 1500. During Queen 
Elizabeth's reign, Gerard cultivated four different varieties, the direct 
descendants of which we are, no doubt, enjoying at the present time. 
I refer particularly to the Long Scarlet, Black Spanish and Long White, 
all of which are well and favorably known today. The former was 
introduced in America by Collins in 1795, and thirty-one years afterward 
was listed by Landreth. 

No. 875 — Earliest Scarlet Forcing 

Days to Maturity 20. Listed by Gregory as Early Scarlet Olive 
as early as 1866. A variety suited to early forcing work or for home 
garden culture where the greatest care may be given it. The root 
is olive-shaped of a brilliant color attaining a maximum size be- 
fore becoming pithy of one and one-quarter inches in length and 
five-eighths inches in diameter. It must be pulled immediately on 
attaining full size, otherwise it will become pithy within a very few 
days. The flesh is white, crisp and of excellent flavor. This is the 
earliest radish under cultivation, and should not be grown except 
as mentioned above. Pkt. 10c, ozv 15c, 34 lb. 40c, 1 lb. $1.25, 


No. 877— Early Scarlet 

Days to Maturity 25 under favor- 
able conditions and under unfavor- 
able conditions 30 days. A variety 
in larger general use for all purposes 
than any other radish. The root 
is rich, bright scarlet, short olive- 
shaped or short oval, and the top is 
smaller. It will mature five days 
after Earliest Scarlet Forcing. Maxi- 
mum size before becoming pithy is 
one and one-quarter inches long by 
three-quarters inch in diameter. 
As 1 compared with Scarlet Olive- 
Shaped, it is shorter, slightly fighter 
in color and two days earlier in 
maturing. The interior of the root 
is pure white, mild, crisp and fine 
grained. Its season is rather short, 
and it must be pulled reasonably 
soon after maturity. Recommended 
for the home garden, for the market 
garden or for greenhouse forcing. 
Pkt. 10c, oz. 15c, lb. 40c, 1 lb. 
$1.25, postpaid. 

No. 880— French 

Days to Maturity, 28. Offered 
by B. K. Bliss in 1866 as a new 
"variety." An olive-shaped radish, 
deep scarlet in color, except for a 
very slight white tip at the base 
of the root. It resembles Sparkler 
White Tip, except that it is slightly darker in color and is 
olive-shaped instead of round. Its season is shorter than the latter 
variety, and, therefore, it must be pulled soon after reaching its 
maximum size of one inch in diameter. The strain of French Break- 
fast as offered now is much improved over the old type. Pkt. 5c, 
oz. 10c, M lb. 35c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 

No. 882— Sparkler White Tip 

Days to Maturity-, 28. This type of radish has been grown in 
America for a great many years, originating under the name of 
Scarlet Turnip White-Tip. As such it was fisted by Johnson & 
Stokes in the eighties. A very desirable variety for home garden 
purposes, and grown very extensively commercially, especially 
for the Mid-West markets. The color is a very deep scarlet, with a 
distinct white tip covering about one-third of the lower diameter 
of the root. Its maximum size, before becoming pithy, is about one 
and one-quarter inches in diameter. Its shape is nearly round, 
slightly flattened on the under side. It is one of the most attractive 
and desirable radishes in our list, inasmuch as it holds longer before 
becoming pithy than most of the other sorts maturing in the same 
class. Pkt. 10c, oz. 15c, M lb. 40c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 

WHITE ICICLE (Natural Size) 


All varieties described on this page are good home garden varieties 


Outline Chart Illustrating Radish Types and Their Relation to Ground Line. Scale about 2/3. 




-Long Scarlet White Tip 

Days to Maturity, 28. A variety introduced by Ferry ia 1891 
under the name of Early Long Brightest Scarlet. Owing to the sim- 
ilarity in this name to Long Scarlet, and owing to a very general 
tendency to be white tipped, the name, Long Scarlet White Tip, 
has come into general use. It is a variety with the root four and 
one-half inches long, cylindrical, smooth and uniform. The color 
is a brilliant scarlet within, perhaps, one inch of the bottom of the 
root, which will be white. It is slightly earlier than Icicle, and will 
become pithy in a correspondingly shorter time. For all general 
purposes, this variety is more desirable than Long Scarlet. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 15c, M lb. 40c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 

No. 886— White Icicle 

Days to Maturity, 30. An old American variety. The root will 
attain a length of about five and one-half inches, tapering regularly 
from near the shoulder to the tip, holding this thickness for nearly 
its entire length, the thickest part being about one inch from the 
top. It will hold a week to ten days before becoming pithy. The 
color is a pure white, almost transparent, maturing five days later 
than Scarlet Globe and five days earlier than White Box. Having 
an attractive appearance and fine eating qualities, this variety is 
widely popular. Pkt. 10c, oz. 15c, }i lb. 40c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 


No. 888— Long Scarlet 

Days to Maturity, 30. One of the oldest varieties 
known in this country, having been listed by Minton 
Collins in 1793. The bright scarlet root will attain a 
length of from five to six inches, having a diameter of 
one inch. The flesh is crisp and tender. Care must be taken not to 
allow this variety to remain too long after attaining its full growth, 
for it is likely to become pithy after a week's time. Pkt. 10c, oz. 
15c, H lb. 40c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 


CRIMSON GIAMT (Natural riize) 



WHITE BOX (Natural Size) 

No. 890— Crimson Giant 

Days to Maturity, 32. A comparatively new variety, having been 
offered by Breck in 1905. Maturing, as it does, one week after 
Scarlet Globe, it will hold proportionately longer before becoming 
pithy. It, is a radish nearly twice the size of Scarlet Globe. It is 
round, bright crimson, attaining a maximum size, before becoming 
pithy, of one and three-quarters inches long by one and one-quarter 
inches in diameter. Crimson Giant is highly recommended for all 
general purposes. Pkt. 10c, oz. 15c, }i lb. 40c, 1 lb. $1.25, post- 

No. 892— White Box 

Days to Maturity, 35. A variety introduced by Johnson & Stokes 
in 1888. Owing to its short tip and rapid growth, it is a variety 
especially suited for growing under glass in frames or "boxes," 
hence its name. This radish will attain a size of two and one-half 
inches in diameter before becoming pithy. It is one of the most 
largely grown radishes for outdoor cultivation on an extensive 
scale. Its beautiful ivory-white appearance and the fact that it 
will remain in condition longer after maturity than any of the other 
radishes, no doubt, is responsible for its wide popularity. In shape 
the root of the White Box is nearly round. The interior of the root 
is pure white, pungent in flavor, but very firm and crisp. Pkt. 10c, 
oz. 15c, M lb. 40c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 


No. 894— White Strasburg 

Days to Maturity, 40. A variety first introduced in this country by Johnson & 
Stokes in 1885. As a large summer radish desirable for late planting when earlier 
and smaller varieties will not keep under satisfactory conditions, it is very desirable. 
The maximum size of root before becoming pithy is about five inches in length and 
one and one-half inches in diameter. It will hold before becoming pithy from ten 
days to two weeks. One-fifth of the root usually grows above the ground. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 15c, M lb. 40c, 1 lb. SI. 25, postpaid. 

No. 896— Chartier 
or Shepherd 

Days to Maturity, 45. A 
variety listed by Thorburn as 
early as 1865. It is a summer 
radish somewhat similar to 
the Long Scarlet White Tip. 
As compared to that variety, 
it is lighter in color, being a 
dull pink for two-thirds of 
its length, shading to a pure 
white at the tip. It will 
remain in condition much 
longer after maturity than 
that variety, and is thus 
more desirable for summer 
planting. It is not recom- 
mended for spring planting. 
Pkt. 10c, oz. 15c, M lb. 
40c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 





The varieties which we offer herewith 
should, in the latitude of New Jersey, be 
sown in August and September for the 
best results. If sown ear her, they are 
likely to shoot to seed before attaining 
their full development. The varieties are 
two distinct types: the Chinese, of extra 
large size, but extremely tender and 
sweet, and the Spanish varieties, which 
are smaller, but have a much harder sur- 
face, making them, perhaps, the best sorts 
for storage purposes. 

No. 898- 

-Round Scarlet 

Days to Maturity, 55. A variety of 
Chinese origin, which has been listed in 
this country for a number of years. It 
is sometimes spoken of as All Seasons. It 
is primarily a fall and winter radish, how- 
ever. This variety resembles China Rose 
in some respects, but the fact that the root 
matures quicker and is of a more rounded 
shape gives it a distinctive place of its 
own. This variety is a good keeper, and is 
highly recommended. Pkt. 10c, oz. 
20c, yi lb. 65c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

No. 900— China Rose 

Days to Maturity, 60. A variety of 
Chinese origin, having been listed by B. K. 
Bliss in 1850. It is recommended only for fall and winter use. The 
root will attain a length of about five inches by two inches in 
diameter. The outside skin is a bright rose color, the flesh white, 
solid and crisp and pungent. Its keeping qualities are comparatively 
good, and it is a variety highly recommended. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, 
M lb. 65c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

No. 902— White Chinese or Celestial 

Days to Maturity, 70. A variety of Chinese origin, having been 
listed in this country by B. K. Bliss in 1866. It is one of the largest 

CELESTIAL (k 1/2) 

radishes under cultivation, often attain- 
ing a length of twelve inches and a 
diameter of six inches. It is oblong in 
shape, tapering to a small tap-root. 
The fact that it is desirable for table 
use at any period in its growth is 
strongly in its favor. The color is pure 
white outside and in, and the quality of 
the flesh is extremely fine, especially if 
it is pulled before it attains its full 
growth. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, Ji lb. 65c, 
1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

No. 904— Half-Long 
Black Spanish 

Days to Maturity, 70. Of Spanish 
origin, having been cultivated in this 
country for a great many years. The 
roots are a grayish black color on the 
surface, having a white interior, which 
is very crisp and pungent. Half-Long 
Black Spanish will attain a length of 
about three and one-half inches. It is 
one of the best radishes for storage 
purposes which is cultivated in this 
country. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, % lb. 65c, 
1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

No. 906— Long Black 

Days to Maturity, 75. Of Spanish 
origin and cultivated in the United 
States for at least forty years. It was 
listed by Johnson & Stokes in the 
eighties. The roots when mature will 
attain a length of five inches and a 

diameter of two inches. One of the best late varieties we know of 
Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, M lb. 65c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

CHINA ROSE (x 1/3) 


( Tragopogon yorrifolius) 

The origin of salsify is somewhat uncertain. Southeastern 
Europe or West Africa, however, was no doubt its original habitat. 
It has been under cultivation less than two thousand years. The 
name oyster plant is often given it owing to the flavor of its root 
which is very much like oysters. Salsify is very hardy. The seeds 
which are really the fruits of the plant, may be sown in the early 

spring, the rows being from two to three feet apart, for horse culti- 
vation and half that distance for hand cultivation. In the rows the 
plants should be thinned to about four inches apart. The roots 
should be allowed to stay in the ground until late in the fall or 
through the winter, if desired. If taken up and stored, a cool, 
moist place should be found. The habit_[of the plant is biennial, 

the second spring a strong stalk 
_ t . being sent up from the crown of 

the root. It is easy to grow 
and has no serious pests. Like 
asparagus and rhubarb there 
are few varieties. The so-called 
LAND is perhaps the best 
known in this country. Days 
to Maturity, 150. 
WICH ISLAND, Pkt. 10c, 
oz. 20c, U lb. 65c, 1 lb. $2.00, 

Salsify is one of our most delicious vegetables 



(Spinacia oleracea) 

HISTORY — Probably of Persian origin. T}ie works of the early 
Arabian physicians speak of the medical properties only. It does not 
seem to have been introduced as a vegetable until about the Fifteenth 
Century. The fact that Spam was perhaps the first European country 
to introduce it as a vegetable was no doubt responsible for its being known 
to the older botanists as Hispanach. Beckniann, who wrote about 1790, 
says the first use of spinach as a vegetable was in 1831, at that time being 
eaten by the monks on fast days. Turner, an English botanist, writing 
in 153S, states that it was known in England at that time. By that time 
the name had developed into spinage and spinech, both of which terms 
were used. In America spinach has grown quite common. There are 
perhaps a dozen distinct, but not all necessary, varieties. However, they 
are listed under 113 names. The variety Bloomsdale Savoy was intro- 
duced by Landreth in 1828. Holland is now the source of the world's 
best seed supply. New Zealand spinach, Telragonia expansa, is quite 
a different species and is a native of New Zealand. 

No. 942— Thick-Leaved Viroflay 

Days to Maturity, 45. A variety offered by Henderson in 1882. 
It is distinguished b}- its heavy, thick leaves, which are of excellent 
qualit}^. The heads are larger than any variety we list, and are held 
in high esteem by a great many planters. Although recommended 
especially for commercial growers, it will prove to be highly satis- 


factory for the home garden. 
$1.00, postpaid. 

Pkt. 5c, oz. 15c, \i lb. 35c, 1 lb. 

The only important insects attacking spinach are the SpinachAphis (plant louse), the Leaf Miner and Flea Beetle. Spraying with 
"Black Leaf 40," 1 pint to 100 gallons of water, controls the Aphis. No satisfactory method has been found to control the Leaf Miner, 
which also attacks beets and chard. Early planting and clean culture will help prevent its appearance. Lead arsenate and other 
poisons do not kill the Flea Beetle. Spraying with Bordeaux makes the leaves distasteful to the insect. 

No. 940 — Bloomsdale Savoy 

Days to Maturity, 45. Named and introduced by Landreth in 
1828. The word Bloomsdale was added about 1874 after the variety 
had been greatly improved. It is probably in more 
general use than any other variety of spinach 
known in this country. It is sometimes called 
Norfolk Savoy. It is very early, and it will prove 
to be one of the best to plant in the autumn for 
spring use. Plantings may be made as late as 
November. The plant is distinguished by its up- 
right growth and thick, dark-green leaves, which are 
thoroughly crumpled and blistered, something like 
Savoy Cabbage. It will run quickly 
to seed in warm weather, and, 
therefore, is advised for cool season 
cropping only, Long Standing and 
Long Season being suitable for 
summer work. Pkt. 10c, oz. 15c, 
li lb. 35c, 1 lb. $1.00, postpaid. 

The important diseases of spin- 
ach are Malnutrition, Downy 
Mildew, Leaf Blight and Leaf 
Spot. Malnutrition is prevented 
by the avoidance of excessive 
soil acidity, and by adding humus 
to the soil. Clean culture and 
crop rotation prevents the 



For market gardeners' wholesale prices, see pages 97-98 


No. 946 — Victoria 

Days to Maturity, 50. Origin is unknown to us. Probably 
selected from "Late Seeding" or "Longstander" mentioned by 
Vilmorin in 1885. This variety will stand from 2 to 3 weeks before 
shooting to seed. The leaves are round, dark green in color and 
slightly wrinkled. The plant is compact and large in size. A 
desirable variety for home garden and commercial planting. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 15c, \i lb. 35c, 1 lb. $1.00, postpaid. 

No. 944 — Long Season 

Days to Maturity, 50. A savoy-leaved variety introduced by 
Henderson in 1903. It is especially well adapted to cultivation in 
hot weather, as it will not shoot to seed as will the Bloomsdale 
Savoy. It is beautifully curled, of a dark green color, very compact, 
and spreading in a large rosette. The leaves are beautifully 
crumpled, which adds much to their attractiveness. Long Season 
may be classed with Victoria as both of them are hot weather 
varieties. Pkt. 10c, oz. 15c, y± lb. 35c, 1 lb. $1.00, postpaid. 


In response to the numerous requests for Market Gardeners', Truckers' and Farmers' quantity 
prices on vegetables and field seeds, we issue a Pink List on Pages 97-98. If you are a quantity buyer, 
it will pay you to use it. 

Prickly Seeded Summer Spinach 

No. 948— New Zealand 

(Tetragonia expansa) 

Days to Maturity, 60. The origin of this plant is New Zealand, 
hence its name. It is not strictly of the spinach family. As a sort 
which will thrive in hot weather and on any kind of soil, this is un- 
paralleled. The tender shoots are of excellent quality, and may 
be cut throughout the summer. The plant will spread over two feet. 
The leaves are quite small, broad and pointed. We recommend 

planting three to four seeds in hills, three feet apart each way. 
The germination of New Zealand Spinach, which is a prickly seeded 
variety, may be helped along by soaking in lukewarm water for a 
day before planting. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, % lb. 65c, 1 lb. $2.00, 



Study spinach descriptions carefully. Read tables on page 3 



(Cucurbita maxima) 


HISTORY — The origin of winter squash is placed in Tropical America 
and summer squash in the more temperate climates of America. Grown 
and cultivated on this continent before the discovery. The word squash 
is obtained from the American Indians and is applied in an indefinite 
way to various members of the genus Cucurbita. The summer squashes 
are mostly classed under Cucurbita Pepo and the winter squashes are 
mostly classed under Cucurbita Maxima. The words "squash" and 
"pumpkin" are often applied interchangeably. Most of the squash types, 
however, belong to the species C. Maxima. The Cucurbita Pepo group 
comprises warm season frost-sensitive plants. They are very easy to 
grow providing they are given a warm, quick soil. Both squash and 
pumpkin are now used in very large quantities in canning operations 
in this country, this development being largely due to the popularity of 
so-called pumpkin pie. 

No. 966 — Cocozella 

Days to Maturity, 70. Of Italian origin, listed by Maule in 1892. 
Sometimes known as the Italian Vegetable Marrow. This squash 
is oblong, attaining a length of about twelve inches and a diameter 
of about five inches. They are best for table use, however, when 
six or eight inches long. The color is a beautifully mottled dark 
green on yellow. When sliced and fried in oil, this vegetable is 
extremely palatable. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, % lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.50, 

No. 964 — Golden Summer Crookneck 

Days to Maturity, 70. Listed by Johnson & Stokes in 1889. 
The mature size of this squash will be about fifteen inches long. It 
is a rich golden yellow, thickly warted and of the Crookneck type. 
Perhaps the most delicious in flavor of all summer squashes. 
Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, yi lb. 65c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

No. 962 — Mammoth White Bush 

Days to Maturity, 70. An American variety offered by Livingston 
in 1891. It will reach its mature size a few days after White Bush, 
and is otherwise very similar, excepting that the skin is quite uni- 
formly warted instead of being smooth. Average size is ten to 
twelve inches. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, \i lb. 65c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 

No. 960— Early White Bush 

Days to Maturity, 65. An American variety, having been offered 
for the past thirty years. It is early in maturity, somewhat flattened, 
scalloped along the edge and of medium size. The smooth surface 
is of a creamy white color. Average size, eight inches. This variety 
is also offered under the name of Patty Pan. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, 
lb. 65c, 1 lb. $2.00, postpaid. 


Study descriptions and know what kinds are best for winter storage 


DELICIOUS (x 1/3) 

No. 968 — Delicious 

Days to Maturity, 120. Introduced by Gregory in 1903, and 
offered by Ferry the same year. It is especially suited for fall and 
winter purposes. Although not of very thick shell, it is strong 
enough to give it good keeping qualities. The color is a very deep, 
dark green, which will sometimes be mottled with lighter shading. 
The bright yellow flesh is fine-grained and of the most delicious 
quality. Although it is not a strictly new variety, this is the first 
time it has been offered to our trade, and we recommend it highly. 
Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, 34 lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.50, postpaid. 

No. 676— Bay State 

Days to Maturity, 125. This variety came on the market about 
1888, and is of New England origin. It is an extremely solid variety 
of excellent flavor. The shell is hard and flinty, which gives it 
good keeping qualities. The color is distinct from any other squash 
which we offer, being a light bluish-green. The flesh is a bright 
golden yellow. Although we have not listed this squash for a 
number of years, the old firm of Johnson & Stokes carried it as far 
back as 1889. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, M lb. 75c, 1 lb. $2.50, postpaid. 



No. 670— Hubbard 

Days to Maturity, 125. Introduced by Gregory in 1856. This is 
perhaps, the best known of the winter squashes. The vines are of 
vigorous, trailing growth, bearing large, oval fruits of a rich, dark 
green color. They are usually slightly curved at the stem end. Its 
flesh is fine grained and tender. Hubbard Squash is one of the best 

keeping varieties on the market. 
1 lb. $2.50, postpaid. 

Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, H lb. 75c, 

No. 674 — Boston Marrow 

Days to Maturity, 125. A very old variety listed by B. K. Bliss 
in 1860. Boston Marrow is, perhaps, grown more by the general 
farmer than any other variety. It is bright orange color, oval 
shaped and of very good quality for pies and canning purposes. The 
flesh is tender, fine grained and of excellent flavor. The sturdy vines 
are very productive. The hard rind of Boston Marrow makes it 
not only an excellent squash for winter keeping, but gives it special 
merit as a shipping sort. Unquestionably the best known and most 

popular squash, 

Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, \i lb. 65c, 1 lb. $2.00, post- 

No. 672— Golden Hubbard 

Days to Maturity, 125. This variety came on the market about 
1898. It is very similar to Hubbard, except in outside color, being 
a brilliant golden orange, making it, perhaps, one of the most 
attractive squashes under cultivation. The flesh is a deeper golden 
yellow. Golden Hubbard will, unquestionably, take the place of 

the older Hubbard eventually. 
$2.50, postpaid. 

Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, M lb. 75c, 1 lb. 



Golden Summer Crookneck and Cocozella are delicious squashes 



(Lycopersicum esculentum Var. vulgare) 

HISTORY — Galenus, a celebrated Greek physician, 200 A. D., gave a 
minute description of Lycopersicum coming from Egypt. South America 
probably Peru, however, gave the tomato to Europe in a highly cultivated 
form. The name is derived from the Aztec word Xitomate, the vegetable 
having been prized and extensively cultivated by the natives long before 
the discovery of the country by the Europeans. According to Dr. Tracy, 
"there is little doubt that many of the plants as seen and described by 
the Europeans as wild species were largely garden varieties, originally 
natives of America, which are a variation or crossing of the original 
wild species." It was first introduced into England in 1596, but for 
many years was grown only as an ornamental plant, under the common 
name of Love Apple, the prevailing opinion being that they were poison- 
ous to man. The tomato in Europe was first used as a vegetable in 
Italy in the seventeenth century, later being introduced into France and 
England as a table vegetable. The first mention of it in North America 
as a vegetable, apparently, was 1781. Seven years later a Frenchman 
in Philadelphia made earnest efforts to have people use the fruit as a 
vegetable, but with little or no success. The first record of this fruit being 
regularly quoted on the market was in New Orleans, 1812. It was first 
offered by seedsmen, Messrs. Gardener & Hipburn, in 1818, which was 
followed by Landreth in 1820. In 1835 they were on the Quincy Hall 
Market in Boston. At the present time, according to Department of 
Agriculture reports, there are over one half million acres devoted to this 
crop every year in America, and the canning and shipping interests 
especially assume tremendous proportions. A great many American 
varieties of merit now are known the world over. Practically all tomatoes 
grown in this country are of American development. To Livingston, of 
Columbus, Ohio, perhaps the greatest credit should be given. The late 
Walter P. Stokes was responsible for the introduction of the Earliana 
and Bonny Best. 

No. 1010— Earliana 

Days to Maturity, 125. Originated by Mr. Sparks, of New Jersey, 
and introduced by Johnson & Stokes about 1900, under the name of 

Spark's Earliana. Immediately after its introduction, this tomato 
gained wide popularity. Within a very few years it was in practi- 
cally every seedsman's catalog, and now is considered one of the 
four most important in the entire list. Its chief merit is in its earli- 
ness of ripening and this alone has been responsible for the promin- 
ence it has gained. Due to its earliness, it has certain weaknesses, 
such as lightness of foliage, thinness of wall and lack of solidity, its 
liability of cracking around the stem, etc., but with all of these 
factors which are more or less against it, it is one of the best money- 
makers during the whole tomato season, especially with farmers 
having early land. It will attain a size of about three inches in dia- 
meter. Sow March 15th, and it should be ready for picking July 
10th. Its picking season will cover a period of from three to four 
weeks, and it should produce from five to eight tons per acre. We 
hold a perhaps unpardonable pride in the Earliana as in the Bonny 
Best, and our trade will find that we have taken exceptionally strong 
measures to produce only the best possible grade of seed. Pkt. 10c, 
oz. 40c, M lb. $1.25. 1 lb. $4.00, postpaid. 

No. 1005— Special Stock Bonny Best 

Days to Maturity, 128. This stock is a special selection from our 
crop of Windermoor-grown Bonny Best Tomatoes. It is made 
especially in the interests of the greenhouse tomato grower and is 
used in large quantities for forcing purposes. However, an in- 
creasingly large proportion of our trade is taking this special stock 
for outdoor forcing. This selection has been made for earliness, 
size and uniformity of shape and color. We believe unquestionably 
it is the finest stock of Bonny Best to be had in this country and it 
is offered with every confidence. Pkt. 25c, oz. $1.50, $4 lb. $5.00, 
1 lb. $20.00, postpaid. 


For well grown tomato plants, see page 75 


(Natural Size) 

No. 1000— Stokes Bonny Best 

Days to Maturity, 130. Originated by Mr. Middleton, of Mont- 
gomery County, Pennsylvania, and introduced for the first time by 
Walter P. Stokes in 1908. It is a selection from the older Chalk's 
Early Jewel, the fruits being from ten days to two weeks earlier 
than that variety, thus placing Bonny Best almost in a class with 
Earliana. In the thirteen years since its introduction Stokes Bonny 
Best has established a reputation amongst all classes of planters, 
home gardeners, truckers and canners, which has scarcely been 
equalled by any other tomato during the last twenty-five years. 
At the time of its introduction, Mr. Stokes predicted that it would 
soon be known from one end of the land to the other as the finest 
shipping tomato ever introduced, and this prediction has certainly 
proved to be more than true. A great many low-grade and ques- 
tionable strains of Bonny Best are being offered at the present time. 
All those, therefore, who desire to secure the introducer's strain will 
do well to continue purchasing their supply directly from us. Every 
year our seed is grown here on Windermoor Farm under the most 
ideal conditions. The crop is heavily fertilized, repeatedly sprayed, 
and given clean culture. Every possible care is lavished upon it, in 
order to produce first-class seed. As a rule our fields of Bonny Best 
produce a far greater tonnage per acre than the areas planted by 
neighboring farmers, and in this community tomatoes are a staple 
crop. Pkt. 10c, oz. 50c, K lb. $1.50, 1 lb. $5.00, postpaid. 

Stokes Bonny Best Tomato, when grown under ideal conditions, 
should produce from ten to fifteen tons per acre. The plants attain 
a height of about two and one-half feet. The foliage will be very 
much heavier than the Earliana. The fruits will be borne in clusters, 
and will be almost globe shaped, the structure of the fruit being 

very distinctive in that respect. They are thicker through from top 
to bottom than the Chalk's Early Jewel. Individual vines will 
very often produce as many as one hundred and fifty perfect fruits. 
When sown in hot beds March 15th, there will be ripe fruits by 
July 15th, and the crop will bear until September 1st. The intense 
scarlet coloring will hold for the interior and exterior of the tomato. 
Compared to Earliana the fruit is far more solid, in that the seed 
cavities are small. In the eastern states Bonny Best is now one of 
the foremost canning carieties for pulp and soup purposes. In its 
present form we do not advocate it as a variety which should be 
canned whole. Eventually we hope to produce a strain which will 
satisfactorily can in that manner, but in its present condition there 
is some danger of its not holding together under hot steam. As a 
tomato for the truck grower for the early markets, Bonny Best is 
unequalled. It will not compete with the extra early markets as 
will the Earliana, but as a tomato to go between the Earliana season 
and the later varieties, such as Stone and Baltimore, it has no 
superior. If grown well, it will ship well and sell well, and eventually 
be thoroughly enjoyed by the consumer. It is one of the sweetest 
tomatoes under cultivation, having very little of the acidity which is 
typical of the Earliana. As a home garden variety we know of no 
superior to Bonny Best. Earliana will be slightly earlier, but its 
quality is in no way comparable to Stokes Bonny Best, and the 
difference in season is hardly to be considered for table purposes. 
Stokes Bonny Best will cover a bearing period of six weeks, ending 
September 1st, after which some of the later types will extend the 
season on another four weeks. Its marvelous eating qualities, its 
beautiful appearance and the ease with which it may be grown, 
recommend it unquestionably for the home garden. 


Stokes Bonny Best Tomato is now thirteen years old 


JUNE PINK (x 1/4) 

No. 1012— June Pink 

Days to Maturity, 125. Originated and introduced by J. V. 
Crine, of Morganville, New Jersey. This variety is a pink-fruited 
Earliana, resembling that tomato in almost "every respect. The 
stock we offer is from a most reliable source. Pkt. 10c, oz. 60c, 34 lb. 
$1.75, 1 lb. $6.00, postpaid. 

No. 1014— Globe 

Days to Maturity, 140. Introduced by Livingston in 1905. The 
color is a rich pink-purple, and the quality is superb. Globe has 
been extremely successful as a shipping tomato from Florida and 
Texas, one hundred and forty-four fruits filling a standard carrier. 

The stock offered may be relied upon. 
$1.75, 1 lb. $6.00, postpaid. 

Pkt. 10c, oz. 60c, M lb. 

No. 1026— Beauty 

Days to Maturity, 140. Introduced by Livingston in 1886. and 
catalogued by Johnson & Stokes three years later. This is a favorite 
tomato of the so-called pink or purple class. Where growers have 
markets preferring that color, Beauty has been extremely satis- 


factory. It should never be grown for ca nnin g purposes. However, 
it is recommended for home garden purposes. Pkt. 10c, oz. 40c, 
H lb. $1.25, 1 lb. $4.00, postpaid. 

No. 1038— Dwarf Stone 

(Var. validum) 

Days to Maturity, 140. Introduced by Livingston in 1902. Com- 
monly spoken of as the Potato-Leaved Tomato. This variety will 
only grow to a height of about eighteen inches. For its size, it is 
very prolific, but, perhaps, will not average more than five tons to 
the acre. It is not, therefore, recommended for extensive commercial 
growing. It is especially desirable for the home garden, owing to 
the compact character of the vines. The fruits will average three 
and three-quarter inches in diameter and two and three-quarter 
inches in depth. Color is bright scarlet. Pkt. 10c, oz. 60c, H lb. 
$1.75, 1 lb. $6.00, postpaid. 

GLOBE (x 2/5) 

No. 1034 — Ponderosa 

Days to Maturity, 150. Offered by Peter Henderson in 1891 as 
No. 400. The following year it was named Ponderosa as a result 
of the prize contest for names. That year a prize was offered for 
the largest fruits, and a Mr. L. L. Bailey won the $150.00 with a 
three-pound tomato. A purple tomato which is one of the. largest 
under cultivation. It is recommended for home garden and for 
nearby market shipments, but it is not suitable for long-distance 
work. Pkt. 10c, oz. 60c, \i lb. $1.75, 1 lb. $6.00, postpaid. 

No. 1032 — Enormous 

Days to Maturity, 150. Originated by Mr. Miesse, of Lancaster, 
Ohio. Introduced by Maule. The fruits or this variety are the 
largest under cultivation. They are a deep red color, of very fair 
quality and for nearby market purposes will prove successful. 
They should not be grown for long-distance shipping or where much 

handling is necessary, 

Pkt. 10c, oz. 60c, H lb. $1.75, 1 lb. $6.00, 


Greater Baltimore and Stone are the most important main crop varieties 


No. 1031— Stone 

Days to Maturity, 150. Introduced by Livingston 
in 1889. This variety is similar to Greater Baltimore, 
but a week later. The foliage is somewhat larger 
and more prolific, while the fruit is slightly smoother 
and less flat in form. An excellent canning and 
slicing sort widely used except in the South. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 40c, % lb. $1.25, 1 lb. $4.00, postpaid. 

STONE (x 1/2) 

No. 1030— Greater Baltimore 

Days to Maturity, 145. Introduced by Livingston in 1889. 
J. Bolgiano & Son offered the Baltimore strain about 1912. It 
is one of the largest, most solid main or late season crop varieties 
under cultivation. The color is a bright red. It is unsurpassed 
for slicing and canning, the foliage being strong and vigorous. 
This variety will stand up under the mid-summer heat without 
ill effects. Generally speaking, this is the most prolific variety 
grown. Pkt. 10c, oz. 40c, \i lb. $1.25, 1 lb. $4.00, postpaid. 



Days to Maturity, 135. We are prepared to offer the following five 
varieties, which are in considerable demand for pickling purposes. 
Most of these have been grown for fifty or seventy-five years in 
this country. The Red Cherry dates back to 1620 in England, 
and Banheim recording that it was the only sort known in England. 
This of course, was in the days when tomatoes were called love 
apples. The Plum and Pear tomatoes will average about one and one- 
half inches in length. The Red Cherry will be about three-quarters 
of an inch in diameter. Their names are descriptive in every in- 
stance. They are very prolific bearers and very easily grown. 

No. 1016. Yellow Plum. Var. pyriforme (oblengum). Pkt. 
10c, oz. 50c, y± lb. $1.50, 1 lb. $5.00, postpaid. 

No. 1018. Red Plum. Var. pyriforme (oblengum). Pkt. 10c, 
oz. 50c, M lb. $1.50, 1 lb. $5.00, postpaid. 

No. 1020. Yellow Pear. Var. pyriforme (oblengum). Pkt. 
10c, oz. 50c, M lb. $1.50, 1 lb. $5.00, postpaid. 

No. 1022. Red Pear. Var. pyriforme (oblengum). Pkt. 10c, 
oz. 50c, H lb. $1.50, 1 lb. $5.00, postpaid. 

No. 1024. Red Cherry. Var. cerasiforme (Dunal). 
oz. 50c, 14 lb. $1.50, 1 lb. $5.00, postpaid. 

Pkt. 10c, 

Red or Yellow 

(x 3/4) 

Red or Yellow 

(x 3/4) 


(Natural Size) 


For wholesale prices of tomato seed, see pages 97-98 



(Brassica rapa) 

Outline chart illustrating Turnip types and their relation to ground line. Scale is about }4 






HISTORY — A native probably of Great Britain and Northern Europe. 
The period when it was first brought into use in its native country, and 
the manner of its improvement from the native, wild and useless state 
is not known. However, it was used as a vegetable by the Greeks and 
Romans. There does not seem to have been much type improvement or 
much cultivation of turnip on a large scale until the seventeenth century 
of our Era, since which time it has been rapidly developed and is now in 
common use the world over. Unquestionably, it thrives better in Great 
Britain than in any other part of the globe. In America there are now 
about twenty-five distinct varieties, although over 250 are separately 
named by the American trade. The Swedish turnip, or rutabaga, is of 
the species Brassica Campestris. It is not certain whether these two 
species exist separately in a wild state, but under cultivation there is a 
well-defined difference. 



No. 1050— Early Purple Top Milan 

Days to Mattthity, 45. A most delicious garden variety of turnip. It is very early, 
rather small, sweet and tender. The globe itself will average about two and one-half 
inches in diameter. The color is divided about equally. This variety is well adapted 
for forcing, as well as growing in home gardens. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, 14 lb- 50c, 
1 lb. $1.85, postpaid. 

No. 1052— Early White Flat Dutch 

Days to Maturity, 45. A very old variety, having been listed by Russell in 1827. 
This is an extremely early white turnip, very desirable for table use. It is especially 
popular in the southern states. It is a strap-leaved turnip. The roots are of 
medium size, flat, a beautiful white color and of the most delicious quality. They 
should be pulled for the table when about two and one-half inches in diameter. 
Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, 14 lb. 50c, 1 lb. $1.85, postpaid. 



For market gardeners' wholesale prices, see pages 97-98 


No. 1054— White Egg 

Days to Maturity, 50. A variety which was brought on the market 
in the late eighties. It was offered by Johnson & Stokes, by Rawson 
and by Ferry in 1889. An oval or egg-shaped turnip, with smooth, 
white, medium-size roots, half of which grow out of the ground. 
The turnip itself is very delicious. It is best for eating when about 
three and one-half inches long and two inches in diameter. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 20c, \i lb. 40c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 


No. 1056— Purple Top Strap-Leaf 

Days to Maturity, 55. Offered by Hovey in 1877. This variety 
is about two weeks earlier than the Purple Top White Globe, much 
flatter and is strap-leaved. Although they can be grown to a much 
larger size for stock purposes, the roots are best for table use when 
about two and one-half inches in diameter. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, 
M lb. 40c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 

No. 1058— Purple Top White Globe 

Days to Maturity, 70. An American selection made from some of 
the earlier English types. Offered in this country prior to 1885. 
One of the late maincrop sorts of excellent quality, remarkable as a 
keeper. When grown for table purposes, it should be gathered when 
but two-thirds grown. These qualities and its attractive appear- 
ance no doubt are responsible for its great popularity. No variety 
of turnip is more generally planted in America than Purple Top 
White Globe. For table use we would advise early gathering. For 
stock purposes the root should be allowed its full growth. Pkt. 10c, 
oz. 20c, M lb. 40c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 

No. 1060 — Yellow or Amber Globe 

Days to Maturity, 65. An old English variety. This turnip is 
grown very largely for stock feeding. The roots attain a large size 
and are globular in shape. The skin is a clear yellow, with a green 
tinge around the top. The flesh is light yellow, fine grained and 
sweet. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, \i lb. 40c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 

No. 1064 — Long Cow Horn 

Days to Maturity, 60. A standard English variety. The root is 
cylindrical, usually twisted and irregular in shape, having a length 
of from ten to twelve inches. The flesh is fine grained and of excel- 
lent flavor, but for table use it is a variety which should be used when 
it is three to four inches long. It is a desirable stock turnip. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 20c, M lb. 40c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 

No. 1062 — Pomeranian White Globe 

Days to Maturity, 65. A very old variety offered by Russell in 
1827. One of the most productive turnips cultivated. When the 
ground is sufficiently rich, they will produce roots often ten to twelve 
pounds in weight. Roots are globe shaped but slightly flattened. 
Skin very white and smooth. Principally grown for stock feeding, 
but may be used for table if pulled when young. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, 
\i lb. 40c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 


No. 1070 — Rutabaga, American Purple Top 

Days to Maturity, 90. This type of rutabaga has been grown in 
this country for a hundred years. Comstock, Ferre listed it in 1834. 
The American strain is a selection from the older English type. It 
has been selected for a smaller top and shorter neck than is usually 
found in England. The roots are globular, but grow to a large size 
and are of splendid quality. An excellent sort for either table use 
or stock feeding. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, \i lb. 40c, 1 lb. $1.25, postpaid. 




In the first place, very careful grading is necessary, followed by 
a rich covering of top soil (if it is not already there), and then by an 
application of commercial fertilizer. We never recommend animal 
manure of any kind because of its weed content. After a very care- 
ful preparation by harrowing, followed by continuous hand-raking, 
a good seed-bed can be provided. 

The seed should be sown broadcast, after which the ground 
should be rolled, if possible. Never plant grass seed when the soil 
is absolutely dry and there is no prospect of rain, for under such 
conditions there is great danger of losing the entire sowing if a wind- 
storm should happen to strike it. Under favorable conditions the 
lawn will be ready to cut with a mower inside of six weeks. Spring 
and fall are the two seasons for making lawns. The hot summer 
months are not desirable, for good results are hard to obtain during 
warm weather. 

Grass seed should be sown on the following basis: For a newly 
made lawn, sow one pound every 500 square feet, or 100 pounds per 

acre, and for spring or fall resowing of an old lawn, sow one pound 
every 1000 square feet. When lawns are in rather bad condition, it 
it best to rake them thoroughly, getting out all the dead grass, and 
making a new application of grass seed followed by rolling. 


This mixture is made up on the following formula per hundred 

Forty-five per cent. Kentucky Blue Grass, 
Forty per cent. Red Top or Herd's Grass, 
Ten per cent. Perennial Rye Grass, 
Five per cent. White Dutch Clover. 

This we sell by the pound and not by the bushel. The purchaser 
thus knows very definitely what he is buying. There is no chaff 
in the mixture, which is often found in lawn grasses when it is sold 
by the bushel. Price, lb. 50c, 5 lbs. $2.25, 10 lbs. $4.50, post- 
paid. 100 lbs. by express, at purchaser's expense, $40.00. 

If you do not receive our fruit tree catalog, write for it 


Annual o 


Perennial * 

Anise o 

Has fragrant seeds which are used for medic- 
inal purposes as an aromatic to overcome 
(Pimpinella anisum) nausea, colic, etc., also frequently used for 
putting into bread. In addition the leaves are used for flavoring 
and garnishing. The plant is from 14 to 16 inches high with finely 
divided stem leaves resembling fennel. Anise is sown in a permanent 
bed early in spring and requires no particular care. Pkt. 10c, oz. 
30c, 34 lb. $1.10, lb. $4.00, postpaid. 

Rfllm >U ^ native of Southern Europe, the plant grow- 

nrr ■ ?• \ ^ about 18 inches high with numerous erect, 

(Melissa officinalis) spreading branches and leaves of dark green 
color. Few flowers are produced and "these in small clusters. The 
leaves and foliage of balm exhale a peculiarly aromatic odor par- 
ticularly when bruised. The leaves are used for seasoning and 
in the manufacture of scents. Balm tea, used in fever, is made from 
the leaves. Pkt. 10c, oz. 30c, % lb. $1.10, lb. $4.00, postpaid. 
c wppt . Rcicil n A native of India, having a stem 12 inches 
m f , . bigh and very branching. The leaves are 

(Ocimum basilicum) green, while the flowers are white in whorled 
leafy clusters. As the plant takes long in maturing, sow seed in a hot- 
bed early in the spring, later transplanting out of doors when danger of 
frost is past. The aromatic leaves are used for seasoning in soups 
and sauces, etc. Occasionally it is used for its medicinal qualities. 
Pkt. 10c, oz. 30c, 34 lb. $1.10, lb. $4.00, postpaid. 
Rnradf a\ ^ native of Europe and North Africa. Stems 
m • j- are 12 t0 18 inches high, hollow, bristling with 

(Borago officinalis) pointed hairs. The leaves are oval and rough, 
being sharp haired like the stems. The flowers are an attractive 
blue color and about one inch in diameter. The seed is sown 
in the garden early in the spring and not transplanted. It is 
used for its pretty blue flowers and for culinary purposes, such as 
garnishing. Pkt. 10c, oz. 30c, 34 lb. $1.10, lb. $4.00, postpaid. 
Carawav ►£< ^ native °f Europe, having a thick yellowish root 
^ ^ which has a wild carrot-like flavor and a stem 12 
(Carum carui) 24 inches high. The flowers are small and white, 
growing in umbels. The seed is sown in drills early in the spring and 
later the seedlings are thinned out. The leaves and young shoots 
are sometimes eaten, but the plant is generally grown for its seeds 
which are used for flavoring rye bread and in making cheese. Also 
used in flavoring sauces. The seed is not produced until the second 
year. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, 34 lb. 90c, lb. $3.50, postpaid. 

Cnrl'irtri d-r r\ A native of Southern Europe, growing 24 to 
t-Ulldnuer o 30 inches high. The seed is sown early in the 
(Coriandrum sativum) spring in perennial beds Coriander seeds are 
widely used in confectionery and for culinary purposes, having an 
agreeable taste. Pkt. 10c, oz. 30c, 34 lb. $1.10, lb. $4.00, postpaid. 
T\\\\ A native of Southern Europe. The plant is 

/a t. from 24 to 30 inches high and the leaves 

(Anethum graveolens) deeply cut into thread-like segments. The 
flowers are bright yellow. In its general appearance the plant 
resembles common fennel. Sown early in permanent beds and later 
thinned out. The seeds are used as a condiment and for pickling. 
Occasionally used for flavoring preserves. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, 34 lb. 
90c, lb. $3.00, postpaid. 

TTo-n-nol Cmoot r\ ^ Native of Southern Europe, resembling 
rennei, sweet u >±< wild fermel) but has much st0 uter stems 
(F oemculum officinale) an d larger leafy stalks. The flowers are 
greenish in color. The seed is sown in drills usually in the fall where 
the seed is wanted, or in the spring where the foliage is wanted. The 
seeds are used for flavoring various dishes and also medicinally. The 
plant is also used raw as a side dish with salad. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, 
34 lb. 90c, lb. $3.00, postpaid. 

T-Tnr^lioiind* A. native of Europe where it is a roadside weed, 
fnr ^ 7 ^ ne stems are numerous and erect, covered 
(Marrubium vulgare with, a white down while the leaves are almost 
square. The flowers are white and borne in small whorls. The seed 
is sowed in permanent beds in the spring, later being thinned. The 
leaves are used occasionally for seasoning, but horehound is one of the 
main ingredients in cough svrup and cough drops. In large doses it is 
a laxative. Pkt. 10c, oz. 30c, 34 lb. $1.10, lb. $4.00, postpaid. 

Hvwrni «4-< ^ native °f Southern Europe. This is a 

ny osup t* small shrub-like plant with blue flowers borne 

(Hyssopus officinalis) [ n sp ikes, all the parts of the flower having 
an aromatic odor and bitter to the taste. The seed is sown in the 
spring and later thinned. Where given protection during the 
winter, it will grow as a perennial. It is used as an edging to flower 

beds and the leaves as a condiment. It is considered to be a good, 
mild tonic and expectorant. Pkt. 15c, oz. 40c, 34 lb. $1.40, lb. 
$5.00, postpaid. 

Lavender ►£< ^ natrve °* South Europe. It is from 24 to 30 
, r , . . ^ inches high and shrub-like in character. Stems 
{Lavendma spica) are numerous, forming compact clumps while the 
flower stems are slender and bare with violet-blue flowers in a ter- 
minal spike. The seed is sown in permanent beds, where it will grow 
for years. Frequently used as an edging or border in the flower 
garden. The leaves are used in seasoning but the plant is generally 
grown for its flowers, which are used in the manufacture of perfumery. 
Pkt. 15c, oz. 60c, M lb. $2.25, lb. $8.00, postpaid. 
A/farinram Cwaat r\ native of Asia, really a perennial 

ividi juidiii, svyeei u ^ as an annual The lant is 

(Origanum marjorana) erect branching stems, while the 

flowers are small and white. The seed is sown early in April and 
later thinned. The leaves and shoots are used for seasoning. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 65c, 34 lb. $2.40, lb. $9.00, postpaid. 

R n«pmcirv >X, A native of Western Asia and hardv peren- 
xvuaeiiiaiy i< ^ The laQt ^ shrub . like g^ing to a 

(Rosmarinus officinalis) ne ight of 18 to 24 inches. The stems are 

branching with an abundance of obtuse leaves of bright green color. 

Flowers are small and fight blue in color. The seed is sown in the 

spring in permanent beds and will come up every year. However, 

the plant does not attain a large enough size for use during the first 

year. The leaves are used for seasoning and for medicinal drinks, 

while the blossoms are used for perfuming toilet waters. Pkt. 10c, 

oz. 65c, 34 lb. $2.40, lb. $8.00, postpaid. 

Rue >U A. native of Southern Europe, growing from 16 to 

m , 24 inches high, and forming a small roundish bush. 

(Kuta graveolens) Leaves are small and divided, while the flowers 
are large with four petals having a greenish-yellow color. The seed 
is sown in permanent beds and does not require any special care. While 
the leaves have a strong odor, they are sometimes used for seasoning. 
They have a very bitter and pungent flavor and are so acrid they will 
even blister the skin. It is also used as a stimulant and anti-spas- 
modic. Pkt. 10c, oz. 40c, 34 lb. $1.40, lb. $5.00, postpaid. 
On ffrr»n o A native of Asia. This is also known as false 

(n,h • Saffron - It is 24 inches high, with opaque 

(C arthamus tinctonus) leaves and bright orange colored flowers . The 
seed is sown in the spring in permanent beds. The plant is used 
for its flowers which are picked when in full bloom and used for 
dyeing silks and in making rouge. The flowers have diaphoretic 
properties. Pkt. 10c, oz. 30c, 34 lb. $1.10, lb. $4.00, postpaid. 
Oocjp ►!< A native of Southern Europe, growing in broad 

71 » *1 . tufts 14 to 16 inches high. The leaves are 

(salvia officinalis) whitish-green, oval in shape and wrinkled, while 
the flowers are borne in groups of three or four in permanent clus- 
ters, usually lilac in color. Sage is sown either in spring or in 
autumn in permanent beds or as an edging, and will gTow without 
particular attention. The leaves are used for medicinal purposes and 
for seasoning a wide variety of dishes. Sage cheese is well known in 
this country. Pkt. 10c, oz. 30c, 34 lb. $1.10, lb. $4.00, postpaid. 

vr\rv (liimtripr n A native of Southern Europe, growing 
savory, Summer © 8 to 10 inches high, with an erect, 
(batureia horlensis) branching stem. The leaves are small 

and the flowers pink or white in color, formed in clusters of five. 
The plant is highly fragrant. The seed is sown early in spring in 
beds or may be started in the hot-bed. The leaves and young shoots 
are used for flavoring dressings and soups. Pkt. 10c, oz. 30c, 
34 lb. $1.10, lb. $4.00, postpaid. 

TflvmP ^ ^ native of Southern Europe. The plant is very 
/mf 7 -\ small with stiff , branching white stems and small, 

(Thymus vulgaris) triangular leaves. The flowers are small and 
pinkish lilac in color. Thyme is usually planted in permanent beds 
or as an edging. The seed is sown in early spring. The leaves and 
young shoots are used for seasoning while green, or may be dried 
and used for the same purpose. Thyme tea is used for curing 
headache. Pkt. 15c, oz. 60c, 34 lb. $2.25, lb. $8.00, postpaid. 

Wnrmwnnd ►£< ^ na ^ ve °f Europe having stems 4 feet high 
(A Y : , . s ^th numerous small leaves of grayish color 

(Artemisia absinthium) an d greenish flowers, very insigniflcant in 
size. The seed is sown in permanent beds and if given protection 
during the winter, will last for years. The leaves are used for flavor- 
ing, as a tonic and as a vermifuge. Pkt. 10c, oz. 30c, }i lb. $1.10, 
lb. $4.00, postpaid. 


Herbs have many uses. They require only a small place in your garden 


Vegetable Plant Department 

We have so organized this part of our 
business that we are in a position to handle 
orders for vegetable plants in quantities 
anywhere from 25 to 10,000 without delay. 
This year we have constructed an entirely 
new plant-growing equipment, and all 
orders up to 1000 will be handled from 
Windermoor Farm direct, enabling us to 
fill your order within two or three days 
of its receipt. The larger orders will be 
handled from a more central location near 
Philadelphia, so that no delays may occur 
in filling them. 

As in the past, we are conducting this 
end of our business on the principle that 
the buyer must be pleased. Accordingly, 
if you are not entirely satisfied with any 
of the plants sent you, an adjustment will 
be made immediately upon receipt of noti- 
fication. The plants leave us in good 
condition and packed as carefully as we 
know how. Sometimes delays in transportation are 
unavoidable and the plants arrive in bad condition. 
However, we guarantee safe arrival, whether shipped by 
parcel post or express. 

All the plants which we sell are grown from our best 
stocks of seed and with few exceptions are sown in solid 
beds under glass in February or March and transplanted 
once. Some plants, such as eggplants and peppers, are 
transplanted twice. We keep the plants as free from dis- 
ease and insects as possible, and take exceptional care 
that they do not become spindly or "leggy." We try 
to have the root system as big as possible and the 

plants of sufficient size to be set outdoors immediately 
upon arrival. 

In placing your order, please remember that when no 
date for shipment is given, we use our discretion in for- 
warding it. Many of our customers place orders for pep- 
pers, eggplants, tomatoes, etc., with us in January or 
early in February. We hold these orders until April or 
early in May, when the season is suitable for setting them 
out. The time our plants will be ready for shipment is 
noted after each sort, and if no definite shipping instruc- 
tions accompany your order, you may expect the plants 
about the date mentioned. 


We do not supply any other varieties except those listed 
below. This list consists of a complete succession of vari- 
eties and will adequately fill the requirements of growers 
in any part of the country. 

Beet (Ready April 1st) 

Early Eclipse, Crosby's Egyptian, Century. 25 25c, 50 
45c, 100 85c, postpaid. By express collect, 1000 $5.50, 
5000 $25.00. 

(Early Varieties Ready March 15th) 
(Mid-Season and Late Varieties 
Ready April 15th) 

Earl.. - Etampe's, Early Jersey Wakefield, Copenhagen 
Market. Henderson's Early Summer, Early Flat Dutch, 
Danish Ballhead. 25 25c, 50 45c, 100 85c, postpaid. 
By express collect, 1000 $5.50, 5000 $25.00, 10,000 

Cauliflower (Ready April 1st) 
Snowball. 25 30c, 50 55c, 100 95c, postpaid. By ex- 
press collect, 1000 $8.00, 5000 $37.50. 



(Early Varieties Ready April 15th) 
(Late Varieties Ready July 1st) 

White Plume, Golden Self-Blanching, Giant Pascal, Win- 
ter King. 25 25c, 50 45c, 100 85c, postpaid. By express 
collect, 1000 $5.50, 5000 $25.00. 

Eggplant (Ready May 1st) 
New York Purple, Black Beauty. 25 50c, 50 90c, 100 
$1.75, postpaid. By express collect, 1000 $12.00. 

Lettuce (Ready March 15th) 
Big Boston, New York or Wonderful. 25 25c, 50 45c, 
100 85c, postpaid. By express collect, 1000 $5.50, 5000 

Pepper (Ready May 1st) 
Ruby King, Chinese Giant. 25 50c, 50 90c, 100 $1.75, 
postpaid. By express collect, 1000 $12.00. 

Tomato (Ready May 1st) 

Earhana, Bonny Best, Greater Baltimore, Stone, Pon- 
derosa. 25 40c, 50 75c, 100 $1.25, postpaid. By express 
collect, 1000 $6.00, 5000 $27.50, 10,000 $50.00. 


For Strawberry Plants see our Fruit Tree Catalog. It is sent free upon request 



NOTE — For the convenience of our customers we are using a series 
of signs which explain at a glance the character of the flower, viz., 
whether it is an annual or perennial, whether or not it blooms the 
first year and in addition whether it may be grown outdoors or 
only under glass. The flowers are arranged alphabetically, according 
to their generally accepted names, and where there are several 
popular names, reference is made to these. In addition the average 
height of each plant when in full maturity is given. 
O Annual. 

►J< Biennials or Perennials. 
• More or less hardy perennials which when sown early in 

spring bloom first year. 
$ Climbing Plants. 
□ Grown indoors or under glass only. 
J@fAll prices for flower seeds include postage. 


A double flowered "everlasting," bearing attractive, cup-shaped, 
daisy-like flowers in white and rose colored shades. When cut and 
dried in the bud stage may be used for winter bouquets. 
Culture. Sow the seed outdoors when danger of frost is past. 
The seedlings should be thinned to four inches apart. No special 
care is required. 

1200 Mixed. Pkt. 10c. 

AFRICAN DAISY— See Dimorphotheca. 

10 inches 

One of the most desirable summer-flowering annuals. Even during 
the dry, hot summer blossoms are produced in profusion. Satis- 
factory as a bedding plant because its color does not fade, nor are 
the flowers injured by rain. 

Culture. Sow the seeds indoors in March or early April, trans- 
planting into the garden in May. Plants should stand not closer 
than 10 to 12 inches apart. The seed may also be sown outdoors 
early in the spring and thinned to the required distance. 

1201 Imperial Dwarf Blue. Clear dark blue. 9 inches. Pkt. 10c. 

1202 Imperial Dwarf White. Pure white. 9 inches. Pkt. 10c. 


(Mullein Pink or Rose of Heaven) 22 inches 

Culture. Sow the seed outdoors early in the spring, thinning 
plants to six inches apart. When successive plantings are made a 
continuous supply of cut flowers may be had. 

1203 Mixed. A hardy annual remarkably easy to grow, producing 
bright crimson and white flowers and silvery foliage. If planted 
at successive intervals will produce a continuous supply of blooms. 
Pkt. 10c. 


ALYSSUM o (Mad Wort) 

Beautiful little annuals widely used for borders, rock gardens, 
hanging baskets, etc. The modest, sweet scented blossoms are borne 
in profusion throughout the summer. 

Culture. Sow the seeds outdoors early in May. As the plant is 
very small, the seedlings need not be thinned. No special care is 
required except to keep the weeds down. The seed may also be 
sown outdoors early in the fall. 

1204 A. compactum or Little Gem (4 inches). This is also 
known as "Carpet of Snow," from the extremely small size of the 
plant and the dense mass of blossoms appearing from late spring 
until frost. Pkt. 10c. 

1205 A. benthami (maritimum) Sweet Alyssum. Has a trailing 
habit and snow white blooms with a pleasant fragrance. Blossoms 
appear in profusion from spring until fall. Used as a border or 
edging plant, and is charming in baskets. Pkt. 10c. 

1206 A. procumbens (Dwarf Carpet). Similar to Little Gem but 
even smaller. Pkt. 10c. 

1207 A. saxatile compactum (Basket of Gold). Produces a 
profusion of showy golden yellow blossoms. This variety is unex- 
celled for rock gardens. Pkt. 10c. 

AMARANTUS q 3-5 feet 

A hardy annual with strikingly colored f oliage appearing at its best 
when planted as a natural border for clumps of trees, tall shrubs, 
or to hide fences. 

Culture. The seeds are usually sown indoors during March and 
transplanted in the garden about the middle of May. As the plant 
is large, set not closer than to 3 feet apart each way. The seed 
may also be sown in a permanent bed early in May and later thinned 
out to the required distance. 

1208 A. caudatus (Love-lies-bleeding). Flowering spikes are 
blood red in color, and drooping in habit. Pkt. 10c, x /i oz. 20c. 

1209 A. tricolor (Joseph's coat). Foliage curiously variegated 
with bronze, green and scarlet. Very striking as a border. Pkt. 10c, 
M oz. 20c. 


Culture. The best results are obtained when the seed is sown 
indoors very early in the spring. Pot-grown plants are the most 
satisfactory. When all danger of frost is past, set the plants outdoors 
where they are to stand permanently. The seeds may also be sown 
outdoors about the middle of May, but should not be transplanted. 

1210 A. veitchii (Boston Ivy). The most popular and best known 
climber. Used for brick and stone walls and buildings. Leaves are 
five-lobed and dark green in color. Pkt. 10c, oz. 60c. 

ANTIRRHINUM o (Snapdragon) 

We offer two kinds of snapdragons, the tall-growing and the dwarf, 
the plants of which vary in size but have equally large blooms. 
Snapdragons have large, brilliantly colored spikes with exceptionally 
sweet fragrance. They are at their best when planted in beds. 
Are well adapted for cut flowers, blooming from middle of July 
until late autumn. 

Culture. May be started under glass for early flowering. Sown 
outdoors in May. 

A. MAJUS— Giant flowering— 2-3 feet 

1211 Queen Victoria — pure white. 

1212 Kermesina splendens — brilliant scarlet. 

1213 Rose Queen — crimson. 

1214 Queen of the North — white. 

1215 Golden Queen — beautiful yellow. 
Each of the above— Pkt. 10c. 

1216 Collection of 5 above varieties in separate Pkts. 40c. 

DWARF— 12 inches 

1217 White 

1218 Golden yellow 

1219 Crimson 

1220 Choice assorted colors 
Pkt. 10c, 3 Pkts. 25c. 


Ampelopsis is a splendid climbing plant 


ANTIRRHINUM (Snapdragon) 

AQUILEGIA* (Columbine) 

An easily grown hardy perennial, blooming the first year when sown 
in early spring. When sown in September the plants will bloom in 
June and July. The delightf ul gracefulness of this slender plant 
with its curiously spiked blossoms adds charm to what might other- 
wise be a too formal planting. It is popular with the hostess as a 
cut flower for her dinner table, lending itself to attractive designs. 

1221 A. californica. 

Airy, graceful flowers with 
long spurs in different 
shades of orange. Pkt. 

1222 A. chrysantha 
(Golden Spurred Yel- 
low). Beautiful golden 
yellow color. Pkt. 10c, 
Ys oz. 50c. 

1223 A. nivea grandi- 
flora. Large flowered, 
snow white, with long 
spurs. Pkt. 10c, \i oz. 

1225 Windermoor as- 
sortment of the choicest 
hybrid double flowered 
varieties with long spurs 
and in a wide range of 
colors. Pkt. 10c. 


Stokes Windermoor Asters 

While many other kinds of flowers are justly popular, asters find 
wide use both in the home flower garden and commercially. Stokes' 
list of asters represents a careful selection of the better known 
American and foreign varieties. They are raised for us by the best 
American, French and English growers. While we list only a 
limited number of sorts, we believe this is desirable in order to 
eliminate duplication of colors. By the proper selection of varieties, 
it is possible to have a constant supply of asters in bloom from July 
to October. 

Cultuee. Asters will give the best results in a fertile, well drained 
loam. The addition of rotten stable manure, leaf mold and com- 
mercial fertilizers is desirable. Sow the seed indoors or under glass 
in pots, flats or solid beds early in April. When the first true leaf 
appears, transplant two inches apart. Set outdoors after the middle 
of May or early in June. The soil should be thoroughly prepared 
by spading to the depth of 8 to 12 inches. The plants are set in the 
same manner as vegetable plants. The correct distance will average 
about 12 inches each way. It is possible to make outdoor sowings 
of seed early in May. The plants are then transplanted directly to 
the beds as soon as they are sufficiently large. Asters bloom in the 
following periods. 

Queen of the Market — July. Crego — August. 

Ostrich Feather — August. Victoria — September. 

Dwarf Chrysanthemum — August. American Branching — September. 


An extremely small, bushy sort, bearing large double flowers in mid- 
season. An excellent sort for potting on account of its small size. 
Desirable to plant in succession. 

1226 Dark blue 1229 Scarlet 

1227 Purple 1230 Choice Mixed — all the above colors. 

1228 White Each of the above— Pkt. 10c, % oz. 40c. 

QUEEN OF THE MARKET— 12-14 inches 

A beautiful, early flowering, branching aster, blooming in July, fully 
two weeks earlier than other sorts. Its long stems and large flowers 
make it excellent for cutting. 

1231 Purple 1234 White 

1232 Rose 1235 Mixed— all colors. 

1233 Lavender Each of the above — Pkt. 10c, oz. 40c. 

OSTRICH FEATHER— 24-30 inches 

A medium early blooming sort producing unusually large, beautiful 
double flowers. Because of the looseness of the petals, the blooms 
should be cut before fully opened. 

1236 White 1239 Scarlet 

1237 Rose 1240 Mixed— All colors. 

1238 Yellow Each of the above— Pkt. 10c, H oz. 30c. 

GIANT CREGO— 24 inches 

This is one of the newer types of American Branching Asters having 
extremely large flowers which measure 4 to 5 inches in diameter, and 
somewhat resembling the finest chrysanthemums. Especially valu- 
able as cut flowers because of their lasting qualities. 

1241 White 1244 Blue 

1242 Shell Pink 1245 Purple 

1243 Crimson 1246 Assorted colors 
Each of the above — Pkt. 10c, ^ oz. 30c. 

VICTORIA— 18-24 inches 
An exceedingly handsome aster, believed by many to be the best. 
The blooms measure 5 inches across, very double and come in many 
delicate shades. The profusion of flowers is remarkable. 

1247 Pure white 1250 Yellow 

1248 Azure blue 1251 Assorted colors 

1249 Bright scarlet Each of the above— Pkt. 10c, l A oz. 35c. 


This is also known as the "American Beauty Aster." It is a late 
branching type with flowers averaging 4 to 5 inches in diameter. The 
petals are curved inward giving a chrysanthemum-like effect. The 
stems are unusually long, which makes this sort excellent for cutting. 

1252 Pure white 1255 Deep purple 

1253 Rose 1256 Choice assorted colors 

1254 Flesh pink Each of the above— Pkt. 10c, Y% oz. 30c. 


If you do not have it, send for our Fruit and Ornamental Tree Folder 



ASTER SINENSIS— Single Flowered Aster, or Marguerite 

A handsome, single-flowered aster producing beautiful, distinctive 
flowers 3 inches in diameter. Having long, slender stems, they are 
excellent for cutting and will last as long as ten days. 

1257 Blue 1259 White 

1258 Scarlet 1260 Assorted colors 

Each of the above — Pkt. 10c. 

BALSAM© (Lady Slipper or Touch-me-not) 
18-24 inches 

One of the flowers found in every "old fashioned" garden. It still 
retains its popularity. We only list the Camellia-flowered sorts, as 
they are the most handsome. 

Culture. The seed is sown indoors or outdoors early in the spring and 
when one inch high should be transplanted. Repeated transplant- 
ing is recommended, as it stunts the plant and tends to double the 
flowers more than usual. 

1261 Camellia-flowered purple 

1262 Camellia-flowered bright red 

1263 Camellia-flowered white 

1264 Choice assorted Camellia- flowered kinds 
Each of the above — Pkt. 10c, }/% oz. 35c. 
BALLOON VINE— See Cardiospermum 



A valuable bedding plant producing small, many colored flowers in 
remarkable profusion throughout the entire s umm er until frost. As 
an indoor plant in winter it has great popularity. 
Culture. Sow seeds in shallow boxes in March or April. As the 
seed is so small, extreme care must be taken in planting. In planting 
smooth the surface of the soil and press seeds in lightly. Do not 
water the surface, as the seed will be washed away. When large 
enough to handle, pot the plants, which may be set outdoors as soon 
as the weather is warm enough. For winter blooming, sow seed in 
August or September. 

1265 Assorted fibrous rooted varieties. Pkt. 25c. 

(English Daisy) 8 inches 

An easily grown annual which blooms late in spring and early in 
summer. When given protection with straw or litter over winter it 
becomes a perennial. Onty the double flowering kinds are listed, as 
these are much more attractive. 

1266 Longfellow — double flowered dark pink. Pkt. 10c, 14 oz. 50c. 

1267 Snowball — double flowered pure white. Pkt. 10c, y s oz. 50c. 

1268 Assorted colors. Pkt. 10c, 14 oz. 40c. 


(Pot Marigold) 
12 inches 

A showy annual found grac- 
ing every "old-fashioned" 
garden. It is particularly 
effective in beds or borders, 
blooming from July until 
killed by frost. 

1269 C. officinalis— Prince 
of Orange. Charming burnt 
orange petals, creamy white 
at the base, with dark brown 
eye. Pkt. 10c, oz. 40c. 

1270 C. officinalis— Sul- 
phur Crown. A large 
flowered variety with bril- 
liant light yellow blooms. 
Pkt. 10c, oz. 40c. 

1318 C. officinalis— choice 
assorted colors. Pkt. 10c, 
oz. 30c. 

1271 C. pluvialis (Cape 
Marigold). Attractive pure 
white flowers, large in size. 
Pkt. 10c. 

See Eschscholtzia 


8 to 24 inches 

A showy, graceful border plant blooming throughout the summer. 
Makes a desirable cut flower. As it will not stand transplanting, 
sow in the permanent bed early in May, thinning out from 6 to 8 
inches between the plants. 

1273 C. Drummondi or picta (Golden Wave). 18 inches in 
height with golden yellow flowers and a dark brown eye. Pkt. 5c, 
14 oz. 25c. 

1274 C. purpurea or atrosanguinea. (18 inches). Has a beautiful 
reddish purple flower, which makes an attractive contrast to Golden 
Wave. Pkt. 10c, % oz. 35c. 

1275 Assorted colors. Pkt. 10c, \i oz. 25c. 

CAMPANULA * (Bellflower or Canterbury Bells) 
3 feet 

This hardy biennial is profusely covered with curious large bell- 
shaped flowers. It is used in mixed borders and in beds. 


Asters should be in every garden 


1 I 


Culture. Seed is sown outdoors early in the spring in rich, well 
drained beds. In the fall they are thinned out to 1 feet each way, 
and covered with straw or leaves as protection over winter. 

C. calycanthema (Cup and Saucer). A highly prized member 
of the "old-fashioned" garden. The flowers are large and semi- 
double, giving a fancied resemblance to a cup and saucer. We offer 
three separate colors. 

1276 Blue 1278 Rose 

1277 White Each of the above— Pkt. 10c. 

C. Medium. The original single Canterbury Bell has been greatly 

improved and we now 
offer attractive new double 
varieties in various colors. 

1279 Double white 

1280 Double blue 

1281 Double rose 

Each of the above — Pkt. 


(Tropaeolum cana- 

riense) o $ 20 feet 

A hardy annual climber, 
growing very rapidly. 
Attractive for porches and 
trellises. It derives its 
name from the light yellow 
blossoms which have an 
imaginary resemblance to 
a canary bird with wings 

1272 Pkt. 15c, oz. 30c. 

mm ~ 


• - 44 *7HL 

bl m^wmL &™&*m -'wir ^sv^tm 


CANDYTUFT (Iberis) O 12-14 inches 

A hardy annual which should be employed freely to furnish beds and 
borders with masses of color during the summer months. Also makes 
an admirable cut flower. 

Culture. The seed should be sown in the permanent bed and later 
thinned to not less than 8 inches apart each way. By occasionally 
removing a few of the branches, larger flowers will be obtained. 

1282 Giant Hyacinth flowered white (14 inches). An exquisite 
border variety bearing extremely large white blooms. The best of 
the white varieties. Pkt. 10c, 34 oz. 35c. 

1283 White Empress. An attractive pure white large-sized flower, 
almost equal in quality to above. Pkt. 10c, 34 oz. 25c. 

1284 Umbellata roseum. Brilliant rose color. Pkt. 10c, 34 oz. 30c. 

1285 Umbellata purpurea. A charming purple shade adding color 
to the border. Pkt. 10c, 34 oz. 30c. 

(Balloon Vine) 15 feet 

A rapid, tender annual climber having small white flowers. It is also 
called " Love-in -a-puff " from the peculiarly inflated capsules which 
contain the seed. 

Culture. Sow seed outdoors early in the spring and train on a 
trellis, porch or fence. 

1286 Pkt. 10c, oz. 40c. 


(Dianthus caryophyllus) * 18 inches 

Seedling carnations are exceedingly valuable for mixed borders, 
providing throughout the summer a profusion of beautiful blooms, 
excellent for cut flowers. It is a hardy perennial which blooms freely 
the first year if planted early in the spring. Seedling carnations 
bloom more profusely than those grown from cuttings. 
Culture. The seed is sown indoors or under glass in February or 
March. Use a rich, sandy loam and cover the seeds lightly. The 
temperature should be maintained at about 60 degrees. As soon as 
danger of frost is past, transplant the seedlings outdoors in the per- 
manent beds, setting them not closer than 18 inches apart each way. 

1287 Chaubaud's French mixed. A greatly improved strain 
originating from France. It blooms in 140 days after sowing and 
maintains a profusion of flowers for the remainder of the season. 
Pkt. 20c. 

1288 Improved Marguerite mixed. Gives an abundance of beauti- 
ful fringed double flowers, 150 days after sowing. The colors are 


Send for our special folder on roses 



unusually brilliant. If potted in the fall, this strain will continue to 
bloom throughout the winter. Pkt. 15c. 
We also offer Marguerites in separate colors. 

1289 Pure white 1291 Yellow 

1290 Deep scarlet Each of the above— Pkt. 20c. 

CELOSIA (Cockscomb) o 

A rather curious and striking class of flowers, with its brightly colored 
foliage and the dazzling reds of the blooms. It is frequently used as 
a tall border to relieve the somber greens in clumps of shrubbery and 
trees. In solid beds it presents a brilliant mass of color which 
attracts the eye. 

Cui/tttre. A hardy annual. The seed may be sown outdoors and 
later thinned. The dwarf sorts are thinned to 12 inches each way, 
but 3 feet each way is not too much for the tall sorts. For early 
blooming, start the plants indoors. They stand transplanting well. 

CELOSIA CRIST ATA (Dwarf Crested Cockscomb) 

The plants grow only 8 inches tall, with attractive crests. 

1292 Assorted colors. All shades of red and gold. Pkt. 10c, 
Y% oz. 35c. 

CELOSIA PLUMOSA (Plumed Cockscomb) 3 feet 

This sort is usually more popular than the Cristata. Its beautiful, 
tall growing, brilliantly colored spikes are extremely graceful. The 
plant is usually pyramidal in form with red or green foliage. 

1293 C. plumosa Thompsonii magnifica — A beautiful strain of 
ostrich plumed cockscomb, brilliant red in color, grown by ourselves 
on Windermoor Farm. The brilliant red color deepens as the season 
progresses. If cut and allowed to dry rapidly, this variety makes 
charming winter bouquets. Pkt. 10c, % oz. 25c, oz. 90c. 

1294 Celosia Childsii (Chinese Woolfiower) — This stately plant 
grows 2 1 /l to 3 feet high, forming many branches, each of which is 
tipped with a brilliant scarlet ball which looks like wool. In addition 
each branch has many lateral blooms. Like the above, Woolfiower 
makes an attractive summer or winter bouquet, and blooms the 
summer long. Pkt. 10c, H oz. 25c, oz. 80c. 

CENTAUREA O* 18 inches 

Some of the best known "old-fashioned" favorites are among the 
Centaureas. Who does not know the Bachelor's Button, the Dusty 
Miller? They have long been favorites for cutting, with their silvery 
foliage and brightly colored blossoms. Easy to grow, and when once 
started will re-seed themselves. They make charming borders and beds. 
Cuxture. The seed may be sown indoors and transplanted in the 
permanent bed when three inches high. Do not water too frequently, 

as the plants are especially susceptible to damping-off. The seed 
may be sown outdoors early in the spring and thinned to 12 inches 
apart each way. The perennial varieties should be protected by 
straw over winter. 


(Cornflower, Bachelor's 


Also known as Bluet, Blue Bottle, Rag- 
ged Sailor and incorrectly as Ragged 
Robin (Lychnis). 

1296 Single Assorted Colors — A mix- 
ture of rose, white and blue. Pkt. 5c, 
Yi oz. 20c, oz. 35c. 

1297 Double Blue — A beautiful double 
azure blue flower, much larger than the 
single. Grown by ourselves on Winder- 
moor Farm. Attractive for small bou- 
quets and gives a delightful contrast 
when mixed with other flowers. Pkt. 10c, 
H oz. 20c, oz. 60c. 

1298 Double assorted colors — A mix- 
ture of rose, white and blue. Pkt. 10c, 
Yi oz. 25c. 


(Sweet Sultan) 30 inches 

A sweet-scented variety producing large, 
fully lacinated blossoms of various 
CENTAUREA CYANUS sna des. Excellent for cut flowers. 

1299 Pure white. Pkt. 10c, M oz. 25c. 

1300 Deep purple. Pkt. 10c, Y± oz. 25c. 

1301 Assorted colors. Pkt. 10c, 34 oz. 20c. 


Has odd, silver colored foliage, making a delightful contrast when 
used as a border. For hanging baskets or pots it is unique. 

1302 Dusty Miller. Pkt. 10c. 



We grow many of our own flowers for seed. Celosia is one of them 


While we make no attempt to arbitrarily meet the prices of competitors' seeds whose quality and productive- 
ness is unknown to us, we, nevertheless, desire at all times to give our customers the advantage of such market 
fluctuations as may occur. Our catalog has been in the hands of our printer over a period of several months. Since 
that time there has been a reduction in the price of the following vegetable seeds, and in accordance with our 
long-standing traditions of fair and frank dealings with our customers, we herewith announce the following re- 
ductions : 

Reductions From Catalog Prices (pages 14-93) 




Y* lb 

1 lb. 






(No change No. 72 New Century) 












Celery No. 190 Golden Self-Blanching.... 





(French Seed) 

" 192 White Plume 





" " 194 Meisch's Easy Blanching. 













" " 198 Giant Pascal 















(No change in No. 452 New York) 












Onion No. 650 Mammoth Yellow Prizetaker.Same 




" " 652 Southport Red Globe 





" 042 Large Red Wethersfield. . . 





" " 640 White Portugal or Silverskin 





" 656 Southport White Globe. . . . 

. Same 








Reductions From 

2 1b. 

5 1b. 

10 lb. 

25 lb. 


(No change No. 574 New Century) 















—5190 Golden Self-Blanching " 

(French Seed) 




5192 White Plume " 





5194 Meisch's Easy Blanching. ... " 
























(No change No. 5452, New York) 












No. 5644 Yellow Globe Danvers... 





" 5648 Southport Yellow Globe.. " 





" 5654 Ohio Yellow Globe " 





" 5646 Yellow Dutch or Strasburg " 





" 5650 Mammoth Yellow Prize- 





" 5652 Southport Red Globe " 





Postpaid Prices 

Pages pkt. oz. % lb. 1 lb. 

48-50 Onion No. 648 Southport Yellow Globe Same .15 .50 1.70 

" 654 Ohio Yellow Globe Same .15 .50 1.70 

" " 646 Yellow Dutch or Stratsburg. Same .15 .50 1.70 

57-58 Pumpkin — All varieties 10 .15 .30 1.00 

(No change in No. 854 Golden Crookneck 
Cushaw and No. 856 Green Striped Cushaw) 

65 Spinach — New Zealand Same .15 .40 1.25 

64-65 " — All other varieties 05 .10 .15 .40 

66-67 Squash No. 960 Early White Bush 10 .15 .35 1.25 

" 962 Mammoth White Bush 10 .15 .35 1.25 

" 964 Golden Summer Crookneck. .10 .15 .35 1.25 

". 966 CocozeUa 10 .20 .50 1.75 

" " 968 Delicious 10 .20 .50 1.75 

" 670 Hubbard 10 .25 .60 2.00 

" " 674 Boston Marrow : 10 .15 .30 1.00 

" 672 Golden Hubbard 10 .25 .60 2.00 

72 Turnip — Early Purple Top Milan Same .15 .40 1.40 

72 " — Early White Flat Dutch Same .15 .40 1.40 

T:; " — All other varieties Same .15 .20 .65 

Corn, Field (page 93) — All varieties — 

% pk, .45; pk, .75; % bu., 1.35; bu., 2.50; 5 bu., 12.00 

2 lb. 5 lb. 10 lb. 25 lb. 

Onion, No. 5642 Large Red Wethersfield . per lb. 1.90 1.85 1.80 1.75 
" 5640 White Portugal or Silver- 
skin " 2.20 2.15 2.10 2.00 

" 5656 Southport White Globe.. " 2.40 2.35 2.30 2.25 

Pumpkin — All varieties " .95 .90 .85 .80 

(No change in No. 5854, Golden Crook- 
neck Cushaw and No. 5856, Green 
Striped Cushaw) 

Spinach — New Zealand " 1.10 1.00 .90 .80 

" — All other varieties — 

5 lb., .35; 10 lb., .30; 25 lb., .25; 50 lb., .22 V 2 ; 100 lb., .20 

Squash, No. 5960 Early White Bush per lb. 1.20 1.15 1.10 1.05 

" . " 5962 Mammoth White Bush.. " 1.20 1.15 1.10 1.05 
" " 5964 Golden Summer Crook- 
neck " 1.20 1.15 1.10 1.05 

" " 5966 Cocozella " 1.70 1.65 1.60 1.50 

" " 5968 Delicious " 1.70 1.65 1.60 1.50 

" " 5670 Hubbard .. " 1.90 1.85 1.80 1.75 

" 5672 Golden Hubbard " 1.90 1.85 1.80 1.75 

Turnip — Early Purple Top Milan " 1.35 1.30 1.25 1.20 

— Early White Flat Dutch " 1.35 1.30 1.25 1.20 

" — All other varieties — 

21b., .65; 5 lb., .60; 10 lb„ .55; 25 lb., .50; 50 lb., .45; 100 lb., 40 

Wholesale Price List (pages 97-98) 

(Delivery Charges Not Prepaid) 

Success in any line of endeavor, during this readjustment period must be the result of hard work, clear think- 
ing and the cautious expenditure of money. It is our desire to do our full part, and to this end we wish it clearly 
understood that inquiries relative to special quotations from market gardeners, truckers and other large buyers 
will receive most courteous attention at all times during the season. We will do everything possible to bring about 
such price reductions as occur from time to time. 

Note: Prices not. in this list remain unchanged. 
Windermoor House, STOKES SEED FARMS CO., 

January 7, 1921. Moorestown, N. J. 



The new and improved annual varieties have proved to be as desir- 
able for the summer garden as the perennials for the greenhouse. 
Annual chrysanthemums are exceptionally attractive as border or 
bedding flowers, blooming profusely in the autumn. 
Culture. The seed is sown in the open ground early in May and 
the seedlings thinned 10 to 12 inches apart. Better results are 
secured if the seedlings are started under glass in April and trans- 
planted outdoors when all danger of frost is past. 

24 inches 

1303 Chameleon — -An unusual 
blending of brown and yellow, 
single. Pkt. 10c. 

1304 C. atrococcineum — (The 
Sultan) . Beautiful dark crimson. Pkt. 10c. 

1305 C. purpureum — (W.E.Gladstone). 
Exquisite shade of purple. Pkt. 10c. 

18 inches 

1306 Dunnetti fl. pi. — The choicest 
double flowering variety, producing a pro- 
fusion of large, white blooms. Pkt. 10c. 
An extra dwarf variety with splendid, large 


1308 Double yellow 
-Pkt. 10c. 

C. coronarium fl. pi. 


1307 Double white 

Each of the above 

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum — A pretty, hardy perennial, 
having flowers 5 inches in diameter, borne on long, slender stems. 
An attractive cut flower. 

1309 Assorted hybrids — 
Producing a large variety 
of colors. Pkt. 10c. 


20 inches 

An easily grown indoor 
plant, which undoubtedly 
is the most showy green- 
house flower, 8 inches or 
more in diameter. The 
leaves are broad and vel- 
vety and the flowers bril- 
liant in color and daisy- 
like in form. 

Culture. The seed is 
sown in pots in late spring 
and placed in frames or 
outdoors during the sum- 
mer. An abundance of 
blooms are produced all 

1310 C. hybrida extra 
fine — Produces a wide 
range of colors, including 
white, blue, pink and scar- 
let. Pkt. 10c. . SHASTA DAISY 


An easily grown annual requiring no special care, and which un- 
fortunately is not widely known, but deserves greater popularity. 
It produces great masses of brightly colored blooms which keep well ' 
as cut flowers. 

Culture. Plant early in the spring in beds, thinning out the plants 
18 to 24 inches apart. If planted in August or early September will 
bloom early the following year. 

1311 Double carmine — A brilliantly colored flower with large 
double spikes. Pkt. 10c. 

1312 Double purple — Double flowers, deep purple in color. Pkt. 10c. 

1313 Double neriiflora (rosea) — Beautiful rose color, having large 
double flowers. Pkt. 10c. 


CLEMATIS * * 15 feet 

A slender, graceful climber, growing with extreme rapidity and cover- 
ing porch, fence or trellis in one season. The hybrids produce large 
sized, deliciously fragrant white and purple flowers, which appear in 
August and September. 

Culture. Start the plants indoors early in the spring. The seed 
germinates very slowly. When three or four inches high, transplant 
outdoors, setting not closer than 12 inches apart. Give winter pro- 
tection of straw or other litter. 

1314 Assorted hybrids. Pkt. 10c. 

COBAEA SCANDENS o * * (Cathedral Bells) 

A very handsome climber, characterized by the rapidity of its growth, 
which reaches 25 to 30 feet in one season. The foliage is dark green 
and the blooms bell-shaped, green in color at first and afterwards 
changing to a beautiful violet. 

Culture. To promote germination set the seed edgewise. Indoors 
in March or April is the best time to plant. When all danger of frost 
is past, transplant outdoors, not closer than 12 inches apart. The 
vine is best suited for training on a trellis or fence. Give protection 
with straw over winter. 

1315 Blue-violet. Pkt. 10c. 
COCKSCOMB— See Celosia 

COIX LACHRYMAE o (Job's Tears) 
36 inches 

A curious ornamental grass having broad blades, similar to corn, 
which are valuable for winter bouquets. It bears large, dark colored 
seeds, used for beads, teething babies and as an "old-fashioned" 
remedy for sore throat. 

Culture. Sown outdoors early- in the spring, three seeds to a hill> 
18 inches apart each way. 

1316 Pkt. 10c. 

COLEUS * (Flame Nettle) 18-24 inches ' 

One of the most attractive foliage plants for house or garden culture. 
The leaves are very large, generally heart-shaped, fringed or lacinated 
and of many colors. The hybrids we offer give an extraordinary wide 

Culture. Plant seeds in pots early in spring and cover lightly with 
soil. A temperature not lower than 65°, together with plenty of 
moisture, is required. When frost danger is over, set the plants out- 
doors in borders. If well protected over winter, they will grow as 
perennials. If desired as a house plant, sow seed in the fall and 
transplant to pots. 

1317 Hybridus — Many shades and colors. Pkt. 5c, ]4 oz. 25c. 
COLUMBINE— See Aquilegia 


Add a few fruit trees to your garden. Send for our special catalog 



CONVOLVULUS O (Morning Glory) 

An "old-fashioned" favorite, remarkable for its rapid growth and 
profusion of graceful trumpet-shaped blooms. 

$C. MAJOR (Tall-Growing Varieties)— 15 feet 

Culture. Soak seeds in warm water for several hours just before 
planting. Sow outdoors early in the spring and when seedlings appear 
thin to 6 inches apart. Train the vines on strings, wires, trellis or fence. 
1319 Assorted colors — Beautiful shades of white, rose, striped, 
blue, lilac, etc. Pkt. 10c. 

C. MINOR (Dwarf or Bush Varieties)— 12 inches 

The dwarf varieties are well adapted for beds or rock work, growing 
not higher than one foot. The}- bloom profusely throughout the 

summer, and in spite of the 
name "Morning Glory," the 
flowers stay open all day. 

Culture. Same as the tall 
varieties except that no trellis 
is needed, and plants may 
stand more closely together. 

1320 Assorted Colors — 

Shades of blue, rose, white, 
cosmos hlac, etc. Pkt. 10c. 

CORREOPSIS— See Calliopsis 

COSMEA © (Cosmos) 5 feet 

A hardy, rapidly growing annual, which is particularly effective in 
large beds or as a tall background screen or border. The plants are 
tall and bushlike in form, the foliage finely cut and very dense. A 
profusion of blooms appear late in summer and early in autumn. 
Culture. Plant seed outdoors early in spring, covering lightly with 
soil. A sunny situation is required. Thin the plants to 15 inches each 
way. The soil should not be too rich, as this induces excessive plant 
growth at the expense of the blossoms. 

C. bipinnata — Giant-flowering varieties which are excellent] for 

1321 White 1323 Dark crimson 

1322 Pink Each of the above— Pkt. 10c. 

CYCLAMEN* □ (Alpine Violet) 12 inches 

An especially popular winter-blooming house plant, having charmingly 
colored and ornamental flowers not difficult to raise from seed. 
Culture. The seed is rather slow in germination. In March sow in 
shallow flats containing well-prepared, fertile soil, giving each seed 
plenty of room. An average temperature of 65° is required. Water 
freely until the plants are well started. Pot the plants when 3 inches 
high. By autumn a small corm will have formed. This should be 
planted in a larger pot, and kept indoors over winter. Blooms will 
appear late in winter or early in spring. Seed may also be sown in 

1324 C. persicum giganteum (white) — Giant flowered, with snow 
white blossoms. Pkt. 15c. 

1325 C. persicum giganteum (pink) — Giant flowered, having 
splendid pink blossoms. Pkt. 15c. 

CYPRESS VINE— See Ipomea quamoclit 

DAISY — See Bellis perennis, Dimorphotheca, Chrysanthe- 

DATURA © (Angel's Trumpet) 36 inches 

An attractive bedding plant producing handsome trumpet- 
shaped blossoms, which appear the latter part of August 
and early in September. 

Culture. While it is possible to sow seed outdoors early 
in the spring, indoor planting in March is recommended. 
When danger of frost is past, transplant outdoors 3 feet 

1326 Cornucopia (Horn of Plenty) — The most handsome 
variety of Datura. The flowers are triplicate in form, 
extremely large in size, each blossom shading from white in 
the center to deep violet on the fringes. Pkt. 10c, J^oz.30c. 

DELPHINIUM© • (Larkspur) 2 to 6 feet 

The Larkspur, with long spikes of beautifully spurred flow- 
ers, is particularly valuable for bordering shrubs or as a 
background. It is notable for its splendid shades of blue 
possessed by no other flower. It usually remains in blossom 
from 2 to 3 months. 
Culture. Sow seeds indoors in March. Transplant outdoors when 
danger of frost is past, not closer than 18 inches apart. It is possible 
to sow the seed outdoors in the spring, but this will result in later 
blooming. The perennial sorts may be sown in spring or fall. 

1327 Assorted double flowered annuals — A careful selection of 
the choicest large-flowering varieties. Pkt. 10c. 

1328 Assorted Dwarf Double Rocket — Finest mixture of dwarf 
varieties. Pkt. 10c. 

1329 Formosum coelestinum • — (30 inches) — This splendid 
perennial variety has beautiful, large, deep blue spikes, shading to 
white in the center. Pkt. 10c. 

DIANTHUS © (Garden Pinks) 12 inches 

The best known and most widely grown garden flower, because of 
its long period of profuse bloom and the great diversity of colors. 
Although a tender perennial, and often grown as such, gardeners 
consider it as an annual. Its decorative uses are numerous, the 
principal ones being as a border or a bedding plant. The double 
varieties are as effective as asters for cut flowers. 
Culture. Sow seeds in the open ground when danger of frost is past. 
The rows should be 12 to 18 inches apart. When 3 inches high thin 
to 8 inches apart in the row. When protection is given over winter, 
the plants will bloom the second year. The seed may also be sown 
in the fall. 


1330 D. Chinensis fl. pi. (Chinese or Indian Pinks) — Produces 
large clusters of double flowers in a wide range of colors. Pkt. 10c, 
y± oz. 30c. 

1295 D. Heddewigii fl. pi. (Japan Pink) — Excellent selection of 
double flowering varieties varying in color from bright crimson to 
dark rose. Pkt. 10c, y± oz. 30c. 



We use Cosmos for hedges on Windermoor Farm 



(Foxglove or 
Witches' Fingers) 
4 feet 

A highly ornamental "old- 
fashioned" biennial, 
blooming in June and July. 
As it may be grown in par- 
tial shade, Digitalis is now 
used to relieve the sombre- 
ness of dense masses of 
trees or shrubbery. Suit- 
able also for the north side 
of fences and buildings. 
Culture. Sow the seed 
in late May and transplant 
when large enough 8 to 10 
inches apart. No flowers 
appear the first year. 
Protect with fitter over 
winter. Seed may also be 
sown in fall. 

1339 D. gloxinaeflora— 

Delicately spotted flowers 
shaped like a Gloxinia. 
Assorted colors. Pkt. 10c. 


1331 Snowball — Pure white, large double flowering. Pkt. 10c, 
oz. 50c. 

1332 Fireball— Bright scarlet, large double flowers. Pkt. 10c, 
14 oz. 50c. 

1333 Violet Queen — Beautiful violet shade, making possible an 
unusual color combination. Pkt. 10c, Y\ oz. 50c. 

1334 D. lacinatus fl. pi. (Double Fringed Pink) — Large double 
flowers, delicately fringed or lacinated in a wide range of colors. 
Pkt. 10c, y± oz. 50c. 


1335 D. japonicus (Eastern Queen) — -Delicately mottled and 
striped single flowers 2 to 3 inches in diameter. Pkt. 5c, Y± oz. 40c. 

1336 D. Heddewigii (Japan Pink) — A careful selection of hand- 
somely colored single pinks. Pkt. 10c, Yi oz. 35c. 

1337 D. punctatus (Princess Pinks) — An unusual variety with 
delicately fringed flowers, striped and mottled in an endless diversity 
of colors. Pkt. 10c, Y± oz. 55c. 


A double flowering hardy variety particularly adapted for borders 
and edges. Makes a delightful cut flower. 

1338 D. plumaris fl. pi. — Handsomely colored double and semi- 
double flowers. Pkt. 10c. 

Dianthus barbatus — See Sweet William 



(African Daisy) 12 inches 

A rare and showy annual having dark orange flowers 2Yz inches in 
diameter with a dark brown disk in the center. The flowers are 
glossy and present a striking appearance in the sun. Excellent for 
summer flowering borders, especially along the roadside. 
Culture. Sow seed early in the spring in rows 12 to 18 inches apart- 
When three inches high, thin the plants 1 foot apart in the row. A 
sunny situation is preferable. Bloom throughout the summer. 

1340 D. aurantiaca. Pkt. 10c, M oz. 50c. 

DOLICHOSO * (Hyacinth Bean) 10 feet 

A fragrant, rapidly growing annual climber for covering trellis and 
arbor. Produces a profusion of erect racemes followed by orna- 
mental lima bean-like pods. 

1341 D. lablab — Beautiful clusters of white and purple flowers. 
Pkt. 10c, oz. 35c. 

DUSTY MILLER— See Centaurea 

ESCHSCHOLTZIAO (California Poppy or Gold Cup) 
12 inches 

A charming annual suitable for bedding or borders. Blooms from 
July to September, a much longer period than the Oriental Poppy. 
The flowers are large in size and shaped like a tea cup. The colors 
are vivid. 

Culture. Sow the seeds early in May in permanent rows 12 inches 
apart, later thinning to 8 inches in the row. The seedlings are 
difficult to transplant. 

1342 Assorted colors — A splendid variety of colors ranging from 
fight and dark yellows to deep reds. Pkt. 10c. 

1343 Mandarin — Outer edges of petals deep scarlet, shading to 
deep orange on the inner side. Pkt. 10c, Yi oz. 25c. 

1344 E. Californica, alba — Beautiful paper white. Pkt. 10c, 
oz. 35c. 

1345 Carmine King — Attractive bright carmine color. Pkt. 10c, 
Yz oz. 40c. 

EUPHORBIA© 24 inches 

Attractive annual with ornamental foliage useful for borders. 
Culture. Seed sown outdoors early in the spring and plants thinned 
to 18 inches apart. 

1535 E. variegata — Beautifully veined and variegated foliage. 
Pkt. 10c. 

FEVERFEW— See Matricaria 
FORGET-ME-NOT— See Myosotis 
FOXGLOVE— See Digitalis 
FOUR O'CLOCK— See Mirablis 


Berries are easy to raise. See our special folder 


FUCHSIA* □ (Ladies' Eardrop) 36 inches 

Favorite pot plant for home decoration. Blooms first year when 
planted early. 

Culture. Sow seed indoors in February or March and prick plants 
in pots when 3 inches high. 

1536 F. hybrida — Single flowering mixed. Pkt. 20c. 




(Blanket Flower) 18 inches 

Splendid bedding and border 
plants, remarkable for the size, 
profusion and brilliant colors of 
their flowers, which continue to 
blossom during summer and fall. 
Culture. Seeds may be started 
indoors in March and trans- 
planted outside in May. Usually 
sown where they are to stay. 
Rows 18 inches apart and thin- 
ned to 8 inches in the row. 

1346 G. picta • — Flowers crimson and 
yellow. A hardy annual, blooming first 
year, but if protected over winter becomes 

1347 G. picta LorenzianaO — Large 
bright red and yellow flowers with tubular 
shaped florets, which begin to bloom in 
July. A hardy annual. Pkt. 10c. 

1348 G. hybrida grand iflora •—(Extra 
large flowered). Bright scarlet and orange 
flowers 2^2 to 3 inches in diameter. A 
hardy perennial. Pkt. 10c. 

GERANIUM— See Pelargonium 

GILIAO 12 inches 

A pretty dwarf annual, useful for pots or for rockeries. Charming 
flowers appear in spring and early summer. 

Culture. Sow seed outdoors in April and thin to 8 inches. Plants 
may also be started indoors. 

1537 G. tricolor — White, lilac and purple flowers. Pkt. 10c. 
GLOBE AMARANTH— See Gomphrena 

GLOXINIA' □ 12 inches 

Charming house plants, producing flowers of the most exquisite and 
gorgeous colors, ranging from the purest white through all the shades 
of crimson and purple. 
Culture. Same directions as for Begonia. 

1349 Stokes finest assorted colors. Pkt. 25c. 

GODETIAo 18 inches 

A desirable, free-flowering genus, particularly attractive in beds, 
borders, and edgings. 

Culture. The plants may be started indoors, but seed is usually 
sown outdoors and the plants later thinned 8 to 12 inches apart. 

1350 Lavender Gem — Beautiful lavender shade. Pkt. 10c. 

1351 Lady Satin Rose — Beautiful rosy carmine. Pkt. 10c. 

1352 Duchess of Albany— Snow white. Pkt. 10c. 
1661 Assorted colors. Pkt. 10c. 

GOMPHRENAO (Globe Amaranth) 12-18 inches 

Also known as Bachelor's Button. An unusually handsome ever- 
lasting, having showy flowers which will last all winter if cut when 
full size and carefully dried. Bloom from late June until frost. 
Culture. Start the plants indoors in March. As seeds germinate 
slowly, soak several hours in warm water before sowing. Set plants 
outdoors in May, distance 10 to 12 inches apart. 

1353 G. Haageana — Splendid orange tint. Pkt. 10c. 

1354 G. roseum — Dark rose color. Pkt. 10c. 

1355 Assorted colors — A wide range of shades including orange, 
rose and white. Pkt. 10c. 

GOURDS O * 18 feet 

Extremely rapid growing climbers which are of great interest, having 
fruits with a wide variety of shapes, sizes and color markings and 
profuse dark green ornamental foliage. The fruits when dried are 
used as ornaments. 

Culture. Seeds sown out-doors after frost danger 
is over. 

1356 Dish Cloth (Luff a cylindrica macro- 
carpa) — A strange, corrugated, long green fruit. 
So called because when dried the inside fiber makes 
an excellent dishcloth, which always keeps sweet 
and clean. Pkt. 10c. 

1357 Pipe or Calabash — 
Used in making "Calabash 
pipes" for smoking. Pkt. 

1358 Dipper — When dried, 
may be used as a dipper. 
Pkt. 10c. 

1359 Nest Egg— Fruits 
shaped like a hen's egg and 

may be used as a nest egg. Pkt. 10c. 

1360 Hercules Club — Fruit grows 3 to 4 ft. long and shaped like 
a club. Pkt. 10c. 

1361 Mixed — Gives a delightful variety of sizes, shapes and colors. 
Pkt. 10c. 


See also Coix lachrymae (Job's 

These grow in massive bunches 
which have a distinctive ornamental 
value on lawns. When carefully 
dried they make desirable winter' 

Culture. Although best started 
indoors, the seed ma}' be sown out- 
doors in permanent beds, early in 
the spring. 

1362 Choice mixed varieties. Pkt. 

10c. Ornamental Grasses 

GYPSOPHILAO (Baby's Breath) 24 inches 

A slender, graceful plant with small, attractive flowers, indispensable 
for bouquet making, either green or dried. 

Culture. Sown outdoors early in the spring and thinned to 12 inches 

1363 G. elegans— Pure white. Pkt. 10c, y 2 oz- 35c. 

1364 G. elegans rosea — Beautiful rose pink. Pkt. 10c, Yi oz. 35c. 

1365 G. elegans alba grandiflora — A new strain having much 
larger flowers of the purest white. Pkt. 10c, oz - 35c. 

HELI ANTHUS o (Sunflower) 

A genus of very showy plants remarkable for their tall and stately 
growth and the immense size of their flowers. Have a wide variety 
of uses. Excellent for cutting. 

Culture. Sown in permanent beds early in the spring and require 
little care. 


1366 H. annus fl. pi. (6 ft.)— A double flowered variety having 
flowers up to 12 inches in diameter. The disk is very small. Colors 
range from light yellow to burnt orange. Pkt. 10c. 

1367 H. Annus (6 ft.) — Single 
flowering, growing gigantic flowers. 
Pkt. 10c. 

1368 H. (6 ft.) 

— Very large, deep golden yellow 
flowers. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c. 

1369 H. globosus fistulosus fl. pi. 
(6 ft.) — -Known as the " Dahlia Sun- 
flower." Color deep saffron. Pkt. 
10c, oz. 25c. 


The plants are bushy and the blos- 
soms small. They bloom throughout 
the summer and make excellent 

1370 H. cucumerfolius (Stella)— 
Small, dark brown disk with broad, 
deep, golden yellow petals. Pkt. 5c. 



We use Dimorphotheca to beautify our Seed House 


HELICHRYSUM O (Everlasting Flowers) 
24-36 inches 

Very handsome and ornamental plants for mixed borders. They are 
peculiarly desirable for dried bouquets and festoons for winter 
decoration. The flowers are picked when not quite in full bloom and 
hung in a dark, dry place for drying. 

Culture. Sown outdoors in early spring and later thinned 12 inches 
apart. They need plenty of room. 

1371 H. monstrosum fl. pi. — A choice assortment of large double 
flowered sorts in whites, pinks, yellows and reds. Pkt. 10c. 

HELIOTROPE* 24 inches 

Produces profusely flowering and deliciously fragrant plants which 
are used for bedding, edging, baskets and for pot culture in winter. 

Culture. Sow seed in- 
doors in March or April 
and transplant outdoors 
when all danger of frost 
is past. Will not survive 
winters in the North. 
For pot plants, seed may 
be sown in the fall. 

1372 Large flowered 
hybrids — A selected as- 
sortment of colors, in- 
cluding purples, blues 
and lilacs. Pkt. 10c. 

(Rose Mallow) 
3 feet 

A showy and highly orna- 
mental genus, planted in 
mixed borders. Charact- 
erized particularly by the 
size and color variation 
in the saucer-shaped 
flowers, which continue 
to bloom from July to 

Culture. Seed is sown 
very early in the spring 
in the place where the 
plants are to stay. Thin 
out 12 inches apart each 

1373 H. africanus 
grandiflorus — An im- 
proved form of Mallow 
in which the flowers at- 
tain a much larger size 
than in other varieties. 


HOLLYHOCKS©* 5 feet 

A splendid plant of equal value with the dahlia for late summer 
decoration. The magnificent spikes of flowers are a distinctive orna- 
ment to any garden. 

Culture. The annual varieties offered here differ from the perennials 
in that they bloom in August of the first year. If started indoors, 
will bloom in July. The annuals are usually sown outdoors early in 
the spring and thinned to 3 ft. apart. The perennials are sown in 
June or July and transplanted in the fall. 

1374 Double Mixed* — Includes a wide variety of beautiful colors. 
Pkt. 10c. 

1375 Early Flowering© — A choice assortment of annual flowering 
varieties. Pkt. 10c. 

HYACINTH BEAN— See Dolichos 

IBERIS— See Candytuft 

ICE PLANT — See Mesembryanthemum 

IMMORTELLES— See Acroclinium, Gomphrena, Helichry- 
sum, Rhodanthe 


IPOMEAO* 15 feet 

Its delicate and intrinsic 
beauty and the varied hues 
of the different varieties 
make this one of the most 
prized garden climbers. It 
may be grown on a trellis, 
against stumps or fences, or 
on brick walls. 

Culture. As the seeds 
germinate slowly, soak in 
warm water for 24 hours 
before planting. The seed 
is sown in the permanent 
bed early in the spring. 

1376 I. bona nox (Even- 
ing Glory) — The violet 
blue flowers open in the 
evening and are similar to 
the moonflower. Pkt. 5c, 
oz. 25c. 

1377 I. imperialis (Jap- 
anese Morning Glory) — 

The most handsome of the 
morning glories. The flow- 
ers are very large and the 
variations in color innumer- 
able. Does best in a warm, 
sunny situation. Pkt. 5c, 
oz. 25c. 

1378 I. mexicana grand- 
iflora alba (White Moon- 
flower j — Produces a profus- 
ion of snowy white blossoms 

Pkt. 10c, Yi oz. 25c. 

Climber) — Attractive, 

in the evening and on cloudy days 

1538 I. quamoclit hybrida (Cardinal 

rapidly growing climber, attaining height of 20 feet or more 
exquisite fern-like foliage covered with cardinal red flowers which 
begin to appear in mid-summer. Pkt. 15c. 

1539 I. quamoclit (Cypress Vine) — Charming annual climber, 
growing to a height of 10 feet. The blossoms are star shaped and 
scarlet in color. Pkt. 10c. 

JOB'S TEARS— See Coix Lachrymae 

KOCHIAO (Summer Cypress) 24-36 inches 

Also known as Mexican Fire Bush. One of the most beautiful and 
useful hedge plants we have. A rich green color throughout the 
summer, turning to a flaming red in the fall. 

1379 K. trichophylla (Summer Cypress)— Pkt. 10c, M oz. 25c. 



Gourds will give you many pleasant surprises 




A handsome free-flowering 
perennial with brilliantly 
colored, fragrant flowers 
changing constantly in 

Culture . Started in- 
doors early in the spring, 
in pots which are set out- 
doors in summer. Fre- 
quently used as a house 

1380 L. hybrida— Many 
shades. Pkt. 10c. 





Very pretty, profuse blooming plants, desirable for edging, borders, 
hanging baskets and pot culture. 

Culture. Start seed indoors during March, or sow outdoors about 
May 15th. 

1381 L. compacta alba — Pure white. Pkt. 10c. 

1382 Crystal Palace compacta — Beautiful dark blue with dark 
green foliage. Pkt. 10c. 

LYCHNIS * (Rose Campion) 12 inches 

Highly ornamental plants, very effective in mixedborders. 

1383 L. viscaria splendens coccinea — Splendid rose lilac. 
Pkt. 10c. 

MARIGOLD© (Tagetessp.) 

Handsome, free-flowering plants, producing splendid effects with 
their rich and beautiful colors. 

Culture. Require little attention. Sow seeds outdoors early in the 
spring, thinning to 12 inches apart. Plants may also be started 


1384 T. erecta fl. pi. (Prince of Orange) — Splendid tall growing 
variety, having rich, golden orange double flowers. Pkt. 10c, 34 
oz. 50c. 


1385 T. patula fl. pi. (Gold Striped) — Double flowers, maroon 
striped with gold. Pkt. 10c, 34 oz. 30c. 

1386 T. patula nana fl. pi. — Double flowers, handsome orange 
color. Pkt. 10c, yi oz. 30c. 

1387 Legion of Honor (Little Brownie) — Single flowering, rich 
golden yellow, excellent for borders. Begins to blossom in June. 
Pkt. 10c, M oz. 25c. 

MARVEL OF PERU— See Mirablis 

MATRICARIA CAPENSIS© (Feverfew) 36 inches 

Free flowering ornamental, excellent for bedding or pot culture. 
Culture. Start seed indoors and set outdoors in May, 18 inches apart. 

1388 M. capensis fl. pi. — Double flowered, pure white. Pkt. 10c. 




8 feet 

A superb climber, espe- 
cially adapted for training 
in columns. Has glossy, 
ivy-like leaves with purple, 
blue and red flowers. 

Culture. Same as Am- 
pelopsis (Boston Ivy). 

1389 Assorted colors. 
Pkt. 10c. 


HEMUM O (IcePlant) 

6 inches 

Profuse flowering plants, 
having leaves covered with 
ice-like globules. Very effec- 
tive in beds, baskets, as 
edgings, and for rock work. 

Culture. Thrive best in 
dry, sunny situations. Start 
plants indoors, transplant- 
ing into the garden when 
danger of frost is past. May 
be propagated by cuttings. 

1390 M. crystallinum. 
Pkt. 10c. 

MIGNONETTE (Reseda) O 6 to 12 inches 

A popular sweet scented favorite, producing small, unassuming 
florets, useful for combining with more showy flowers in bouquets. 
Culture. Sow seed outdoors in April, thinning plants to 6 inches. 
Successive sowing will produce blooms throughout the summer. 

1391 Golden Queen — Large flowering, rich golden vellow in color. 
Pkt. 10c. 

1392 Machet — Dwarf pyramidal growth, bearing numerous bright 
red florets. Pkt. 10c. 

MIMOSA O (Sensitive Plant) 12 inches 

Has curious pink flowers. When touched the leaves droop and close. 
A plaything for the children. 

Culture. Start indoors in March, set out in May 6 inches apart. 

1393 M. pudica. Pkt. 10c. 


15 inches 

Fragrant with musk-like 
odor. The flowers are small 
and yellow. 

Culture. Start indoors in 
sandy soil, transplanting 
outdoors in May. 

1394 M. moschatus. 
Pkt. 10c. 

of Peru, Four 
O'clock) 18 inches 

Not many plants are as 
beautiful. An "old-fash- 
ioned" annual found i'n 
almost every garden. Freely 
flowering, with large blos- 
soms in shades of yellow, 
white and scarlet. These 
remain closed during the 
heat of the day, but open 
to their full beauty early 
in the evening. 



We grow our own Marigold seed 


Cultuhe. Sow seed outdoors in May, 
thinning plants not closer than 12 inches. 
No special care required. 

1395 Windermoor grown Mixture. 
Pkt. 10c, oz. 15c, \i lb. 50c. 

MOMORDICAG* 10 feet 

Trailing vine with ornamental foliage. 
The fruit is golden yellow and warted, 
which, when ripe, opens and discloses its 
seeds and brilliant carmine interior. 
Cultuhe. Seed sown outdoors in May. 

1396 M. balsamina (Balsam Apple) 
— Round, apple-shaped, warted fruits. 
Pkt. 10c. 

1397 M. charantica (Balsam Pear) — 
Pear shaped, warted fruits. Pkt. 10c. 
MORNING GLORY— See Convolvu- 
lus and Ipomea 


MYOSOTIS # (Forget-me-not) 
12 inches 

Very popular charming little plants, pro- 
ducing star-like flowers in great pro- 
fusion. Best suited for a moist soil, as 
near streams, fountains or damp rockeries. Does well in shady spots. 
Culture. Start indoors in February, if blooms are wanted first year, 
and transplant outdoors in April. Seed may also be sown out-doors 
in the fall. 

1398 M. alpestris — Bright blue, trailing, blooms in April. Pkt. 
10c, M oz. 50c. 

1399 M. alpestris alba- 
x /i oz. 50c. 

1400 M. alpestris roseum — Bright rose, blooms in April. Pkt. 
10c, M oz. 50c. 

1401 M. palustris sempleflorens — Ever blooming, beginning to 
flower in May and continuing until fall. Pkt. 10c, oz. 60c. 


While we do not offer a complete list of varieties, those that appear 
here are in our opinion the best suited for the garden. They comprise 
a very wide selection of colors and types useful for bedding, edging 
and bordering. 


-Pure white, blooms in April. Pkt. 10c, 





Suitable for bedding and 
edging in a variety of color 

1402 Aurora — Crimson, 
blotched with chrome 

1403 Beauty — Canary 
yellow, blotched with 

1404 Chameleon — Bears 
vari-colored blossoms on 
the same plant. 

1405 Empress of India 

— Bright crimson flowers, 
dark green leaves. 

1406 Vesuvius — Flowers 
salmon, leaves dark green. 

1407 Choice Mixture of Dwarf 

Price, any of above. Pkt. 10c, 
oz. 20c, y± lb. 60c, 1 lb. $2.00. 


1408 Assorted Ivy Leaved- 
Leaves dark green and shaped 
like ivy. Blossoms handsomely 
fringed. Pkt. 10c, oz. 40c, \i 
lb. $1.25. 


(Tropaeolum majus) 

Beautiful climbing varieties, suitable for trellis, porch, arbor, etc. 
Seed pods of these varieties when gathered green are excellent for 

1409 Chameleon (Coquette) — Various colored flowers borne on 
the same plant. 

1410 Jacqueminot — Bright crimson. 

1411 Spotted — Yellow, spotted with garnet. 

1412 Vesuvius — Dark leaves, salmon flowers. 

1413 Stokes Choice Mixed — All colors. 
Price, each of above. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, lb. 60c, 1 lb. 


1414 Queen of the Tall Variegated $ — Exquisite green 
foliage, splotched with white blossoms, large and bright 
colored. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, M lb. 60c, 1 lb. $2.00. 


Similar to the Tall Nasturtiums, but flower more freely and 
are more prolific in red shades. 

1415 Ivy-Leaved — Leaves resemble ivy, flowers salmon 

1416 Giant of Battles — Light yellow, blotched with red. 

1417 Black Prince— Dark green foliage, flowers crimson. 

1418 Spitfire — Orange vermilion. 

Price, each of above. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, M lb. 60c, 
1 lb. $2.00. 

NICOTJANAO (Sweet Scented Tobacco) 
24 inches 

A charming bedding plant, producing a profusion of 
petunia-like flowers emitting a fragrant perfume and 
appearing in summer and fall. 

Culture. Sow seed outdoors early in the spring and 
thin to 18 inches apart. 

1419 N. hybrida grandiflora mixed — Large flowered, 
sweet scented hybrids in many colors. Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c. 

1420 N. sandrae hybrida — A beautiful type with many- 
colored flowers. Pkt. 10c, M oz. 25c. 


Nasturtiums are needed in every flower garden 



NIGELLA o (Love-in-the-Mist) 18 inches 

The curiously shaped flowers are surrounded by a mist of slender, 
fibrous leaves. 

Culture. Sow seed outdoors early in the spring and thin to 10 
inches. May also be sown in the fall. 

1421 N. damascena alba — Double flowers, snowy white. Pkt. 10c. 

1422 Miss Jekyll — Large cornflower-blue double flowers. Pkt. 10c. 
1430 N. hispanica— Bright blue. Pkt. 10c. 

OXALIS o 8 inches 

A splendid plant with brilliant flowers, blooming all summer, suitable 
for rustic baskets, edging, pot plants, etc. 

Culture. Start in March indoors, setting out in May. May be 
planted closely together. 

1423 O. corniculata purpurea — Deep yellow, brown leaves, very 
interesting. Pkt. 10c. 


PASSIFLORA** □ (Passion Flower) 15 feet 

A magnificient ornamental twiner with beautiful flowers, produced in 
the greatest profusion throughout the season in the greenhouse. 
Culture. Sow indoors in spring and transplant to pots or beds. 
Train vines up the greenhouse wall. 
1424 P. caerulea — Sky blue flowers. Pkt. 10c. 

6 inches 

Culture. Seeds are sown indoors or under glass in March and 
transplanted to pots or flats when inches high. They are set 
outdoors when danger of frost is past. Such plants begin to bloom 
in June. If sown outdoors in April and transplanted, they will begin 
to bloom in July. May be sown in the fall and used as potted plants 
in the house. 


This type replaces the ordinary pansies, being more hardy and better 
adapted to northern climates. 

1421 Emperor William — Beautiful, dark navy blue. Pkt. 15c, 
% oz. 75c. 

1422 King of the Blacks— Pure black, velvety. Pkt. 15c, y s oz. 

1423 Bronze — Brilliant bronze shades. Pkt. 15c, l /% oz. 75c. 



1424 Giant Trimardeau — Great variety of colors. Pkt. 15c, 
V s oz. 75c. 

1425 Bugnot's Giant — Shades of bronze, red and cardinal. Pkt. 
25c, y 8 oz. 80c. 

1426 Cassier's Giant — Finest blotched varieties, mostly light with 
dark spots. Pkt. 25c, % oz. $1.00. 

1427 Mme. Perret — Great diversity of red and wine-colored shades. 
Pkt. 25c, H oz. 75c. 

1428 Masterpiece — A remarkable pansy, with each petal frilled. 
Dark shades predominate. Pkt. 25c, y oz. $1.00. 


1429 Orchidae flowered — In beautiful, delicate apple-blossom 
shades. Pkt. 25c, y oz. 75c. 

PELARGONIUM* (Geranium) 18 inches 

Readily produced from seed and bloom the first year. 

Culture. Sow seed in March indoors, and keep at a temperature 

of 65°. Pot off when 2 inches high and set outdoors when danger of 

frost is past. Pot in the fall and keep indoors. 

1433 P. zonale — Many beautiful shades of scarlet and red. Pkt. 



Pansies make splendid bedding flowers 


PETUNIA* 18 inches 

An ornamental, profuse-flowering garden favorite, equally effective 
and beautiful when grown in pots in the home or planted outdoors 
in beds or mixed borders. 

Culture. The seed is extremely small and the best results are 
obtained by planting in a warm, sunny spot (preferably sandy loam) 
in May or by starting indoors in March. Plants should be thinned 
to 12 inches apart. Seed may be sown in the fall for winter flowering 

1430 Petunia hybrida (Inimitable) — Beautifully striped and 
blotched. Single flowering. Pkt. 10c. 

1431 Grandiflora — Extra large flowered, superior to Giant of 
California variety. Pkt. 15c. 

1432 Hybrida fringed — Fine, large,[fringed flowers in a remarkable 
variety of colors. Pkt. 15c. 

PHLOX DRUMMONDI o 8-12 inches 

Flowers of great beauty, blooming throughout the season as a rich 
mass of color. It is one of the easiest garden plants to raise. 
Culture. Seed may be sown outdoors in April and the plants 
thinned to 12 inches apart. Commences to bloom late in June. 

1434 Grandiflora alba — Snowy white, large flowers. 

1435 Grandiflora crimson — Bright crimson, large flowers. 

1436 Grandiflora Isabellina — Bright yellow, large flowers. 

1437 Mixed — Splendid mixture of the above colors. 

1438 Nana compacta — A mixture of many colors. Its extra dwarf 
size (8 inches) makes it very suitable for edgings and ribbons. 
Prices, each of above. Pkt. 10c, Y% oz. 50c. 


PHLOX DECUSSATA* (Perennial Phlox) 24 inches 

A hardy perennial, much different from Phlox Drummondi. 

1441 Mixed — A variety of attractive colors. Pkt. 10c. 

PINKS— See Dianthus 

PORTULACA O (Moss Rose) 6 inches 

Particularly suited for a hot, dry spot. Produces large flowers in 
many colors, which bloom throughout the summer. Suitable for rock 
work, baskets, borders, edges, ribbons, etc. 

Culture. Sow seed outdoors in April and thin to 4 inches apart. 
They may be readily transplanted. 

1439 Double large flowering mixed — Unusually large double 
flowers in whites, reds and yellows. Pkt. 10c, y% oz. 35c. 

1440 Single Mixed — In the same colors as above. Pkt. 10c, 
V 8 oz. 30c. 

POPPY O (Papaver) 24 inches 

A genus containing remarkably showy, free-flowering plants, very 
useful in beds, mixed borders, etc. 

Culture. Sow seed outdoors as early in the spring as possible and 
thin out to 6 inches apart. Make successive plantings in order to 
secure a continual bloom. 


1442 Danebrog — -Bright scarlet flowers with a silvery spot on each 
petal. Pkt. 10c. 

1443 Shirley— Delicate satin-like flowers in shades of salmon-pink, 
peach and rose. Center white. Pkt. 10c, oz. 45c, 1 lb. $4.00. 

CALIFORNIA POPPY— See Eschscholtzia 


1444 Flanders Poppy — Immortalized by many songs and verses. 
This beautiful poppy growing on the battlefields of Flanders has 
become known the world over. Pkt. 10c. (See inside of front cover) . 


1445 Chinese double dwarf mixed — An annual Oriental poppy, 
in several brilliant shades. Pkt. 10c. 


Produces gigantic ball-shaped flowers in various brilliant shades. 

1446 Double White 1448 Double Purple 

1447 Double Rose 1449 Double Mixed 
Each of the above— Pkt. 10c. 


1450 Oriental Mixed — Large, single, brilliant scarlet flowers. Very 
showy. Pkt. 10c. 

1451 Iceland Poppy (Papaver croecum) (12 inches) — Brilliantly 
colored flowers, appearing first year, useful for cutting. Hardy. 
Single mixed. Pkt. 10c. 

(Chinese Primrose) 
12 inches 

A charming, profusely 
flowering plant, especially 
ornamental for winter and 
early spring decoration. 
A greenhouse perennial 
which makes a desirable 
house plant. 

Culture. Sow seeds in- 
doors in flats or pots, from 
April to August. When 
large enough set in indi- 
vidual pots. Plants thus 
grown will bloom during 
the winter. 

1452 P. chinensis fim- 
briata — Large flowering, 
beautifully fringed in 
many colors. Pkt. 25c. 



We grow Portulaca in our own window gardens 



PRIMULA JAPONICA* (Japanese Primrose) 
10 inches 

A hardy primrose, excellent for borders, blooming early in the spring. 
Seed is sown outdoors in the spring, in permanent beds. Give pro- 
tection with litter through the winter. 

1453 Choice Mixed — Bright colors, many shades. Pkt. 20c. 

(Golden Feather) 
8 inches 

I Highly ornamental free 
flowering plant, very 
- effective in borders. 
Culture. Sow out- 
doors early in the 
spring. Seed may be 
started indoors for 
early flowering. 
1454 P. roseum — 
Choice single flowering 
mixed, red shades pre- 
dominating. Pkt. 10c. 

(Swan River Ever- 
lasting) 12 inches 

A pretty everlasting 
particularly decorative 
in the garden. Suitable 
for ribbons, edgings 
and borders. Free 

Culture. Start in- 
doors and transplant 
to garden middle of 

White and rose flowers. Pkt. 10c. 


1455 Single flowering mixed- 

RICINUS O (Castor Bean) 6-15 feet 

A magnificent tall-growing plant with picturesque foliage and 
brilliantly colored fruit, used in^beds and singly as ornamental foliage, 
plants giving a tropical effect to the garden. 

Culture. Plant outdoors early in the spring and thin out to 4 feet 
each way. 

1456 R. Gibsonii (6 feet) — Very dark leaved foliage. Pkt. 10c. 

1457 R. zanzibariensis mixed (12 feet) — Leaves 3 feet across, 
deeply lobed. Plant pyramidal. Pkt. 10c. 

1458 R. sanguineus (6 feet) — Leaves dark green, stem red. 
Pkt. 10c. 

ROSE CAMPION— See Lychnis 

SALPIGLOSSIS o 30 inches 

Useful for autumn decoration. The curious penciled and marbled 
petunia-like flowers produce attractive effects in beds, borders or 

Culture. Start seed in March indoors for early flowering. Set 
outdoors in May, one foot apart each way. Begins to bloom in 
August and continues until frost. 

1459 S. grandiflora (Emperor) mixed — Improved strain, large 
flowering, many colors. Pkt. 10c. 

1460 S. nana (dwarf mixed) — Large flowering dwarf variety in 
many shades and colors. Pkt. 10c. 

SALVIA* (Scarlet Sage) 18 inches 

A standard bedding and border plant, blooming from July until 
October. The brilliant colors are very effective. 
Culture. Start plants indoors in February or March and transplant 
to the garden about May 15th, May be taken indoors in the fall as 
a house plant. 

1461 Fireball — Brilliant scarlet colored flowers. Pkt. 15c. 

1469 Salvia patens (Blue Sage) — Intense blue flowers. Pkt. 25c. 


SCABIOSA © (Mourning Bride) 24-36 inches 

Handsome, showy plants with beautifully variegated flowers. Useful 
for mixed borders. 

Culture. Sow seed outdoors in April and thin to 24 inches apart. 
May also be started indoors and later transplanted to the garden. 


1462 Purple 

1463 Red 

1464 White 

1465 Mixed, all colors 
Each of above— Pkt. 10c. 


Rapidly growing climber, having bright scarlet pea-shaped flowers. 
The beans may be eaten. 
Culture. Like garden pole beans. 

1466 Selected beans. Pkt. 10c, oz. 20c, % lb. 60c, 1 lb. $1.50. 

SCHIZANTHUS (Butterfly Flower) 12 inches 

Pyramidal bushes with charming flowers used for borders. 
Culture. May be started indoors, but usually sown in the garden 
in April. 

1467 Mixed — Many striking colors. Pkt. 10c. 

SMILAX* * □ 10 feet 

A graceful climbing plant with small, beautiful, glossy green foliage 
which is used for table decoration and with bouquets. 
Culture. Soak seed in warm water for 24 hours before planting, as 
it germinates slowly. Even then it requires 8 weeks before the plant 
appears. May be planted in pots or baskets. 

1468 Windermoor Standard. Pkt. 10c. 

Snapdragon — See Antirrhinum 

STOCKS O (Gilliflower) 12-18 inches 

A popular and beautiful "old-fashioned" favorite. Our improved 
strains are the most charming of garden flowers and are equally 
effective whether for bedding, edging, bordering or pot culture. 
Culture. Start plants indoors in March and transplant to the 
garden about May 15th, not closer than 10 inches. May also be 
sown outdoors in April. 


Superior imported English strain, flowering at the same time as the 
Ten Weeks, but having larger spikes of blooms. 

1470 Princess Alice — Snow white. Pkt. 10c. 

1471 Queen Alexandra — Lilac. Pkt. 10c. 

1472 Beauty of Nice— Flesh pink. Pkt. 10c. 

Early maturing, large flowering and desirable for cutting. 

1473 Canary yellow. Pkt. 10c. 

1474 Blue. Pkt. 10c. 

1475 White. Pkt. 10c. 

1476 Rose. Pkt. 10c. 

1477 Blood red. Pkt. 10c. 

1478 Mixed, all colors. Pkt. 10c, }i oz. $1.00. 


Why not grow your own cherries? We can furnish you with trees 



STOKESIA CYANEA* (Cornflower Aster) 
18 inches 

A rare and attractive peren- 
nial, bearing lavender color- 
ed cornflower-like blossoms 
which are in continual bloom 
j from July to October. Use- 
ful for borders. 
Culture . Start plants in- 
doors and transplant to 
i garden in May, not closer 
than 8 inches apart. May 
I also be started outdoors in 
! April. 

1479 S. cyanea mixed — 
1 Contains many handsome 
' colors. Pkt. 25c. 


The sweet pea is so well 
known to every gardener 
that a description is super- 
fluous. There are so many 
varieties of this flower that 
it would require a fairly 
large book to describe them. 
We are limiting ourselves to 
a selection of varieties which 
our past experience has 
shown to be in most demand. This consists of all the usual colors, 
together with some new and attractive shades. 

Culture. A highly fertile, well-drained loam with plenty of decayed 
manure is requisite for the best results. In the latitude of Phila- 
delphia seed may be sown from March 15th to April 15th, depending 
on the weather. The seed is usually sown in rows. Make a furrow 

4 inches deep and sow the seed as you would garden peas. Cover 
the seed about one inch deep and when the seedlings are 3 inches in 
height, thin out to 4 inches apart. As sweet peas are climbers, they 
must have support. While trellises, wires or cords are excellent, 
brush will give the best results. The support should be at least 

5 feet high. When in bloom cut the flowers as often as possible, not 
letting them run to seed, which prevents further blooming. 


1480 Afterglow — Blue wings, standard blue shading to rose. 

1481 America — White ground, striped crimson. 

1482 Apple Blossom — Rose standard and wings waved. 

1483 Asta Ohn — Lavender. 

1484 Blanche Ferry — Red and white. 

1485 Hercules— Pink. 

1486 Decorator — Rose overlaid with terra cotta. 

1487 Dragonfly— Lavender and rose. 

1488 Florence Morse Spencer— Blush pink. 

1489 Gladys Unwin— Pale pink. 

1490 Hilary Christie — Salmon orange. 

1491 Lovely — Rose and flesh pink. 

1492 May Unwin— Orange scarlet. 

1493 Windermoor assorted — A special mixture of the finest colors. 
Price, each of above — Pkt. 10c, oz. 50c, % lb. $1.50. 

1494 Collection of a packet each of the above thirteen varieties. 


1495 Blue Jacket— Dark self navy blue. Pkt. 15c, oz. $1.00. 

1496 Dazzler— Bright orange. Pkt. 10c, oz. 80c. 

1497 Early King — Crimson and scarlet. Pkt. 10c, oz. 50c. 

1498 Early Sankey— Pure white. Pkt. 10c, oz. 50c. 

1499 Lavender King — Deep lavender. Pkt. 10c, oz. 65c. 


1500 Mauve Beauty — Purple and mauve. Pkt. 10c, oz. 70c. 

1501 Sweet Briar— Pink. Pkt. 10c, oz. 50c. 

1502 Collection — A packet each of the above seven varieties 60c. 



1503 Dorothy Eckford— Pure white. 

1504 Helen Pierce — Blue and white marbled. 

1505 King Edward VII— Bright red. 

1506 Lord Nelson — Navy blue. 

1507 Miss Willmott — Orange pink. 

1508 Queen Alexandra — Deep scarlet. 

Price, each of above — Pkt. 10c, oz. 25c, 14 lb. 75c. 

1509 Collection — Pkt. each of above six varieties 50c. 

1510 Windermoor Standard Mixture — A choice assortment 
the above colors. Pkt. 5c, oz. 20c, l /i lb. 50c, 1 lb. $1.50. 
SWEET SULTAN— See Centaurea 

SWEET WILLIAM * (Dianthus barbatus) 
18-24 inches 

A free- flowering favorite 
found in every "old-fash- 
ioned" garden. It produces 
a splendid effect in beds and 
in mixed borders. 

Culture. Sow outdoors in 
April and later thin out to 
12 inches apart. In the 
North some winter protec- 
tion should be given. Seed 
may also be sown in Sep- 
tember. Will not bloom 
until second season. 

1511 Single mixed — Large 
flowered, single varieties in 
many colors. Pkt. 10c. 

1512 Double mixed — An 

assortment of the newer 
varieties and shades. Pkt. 


TAGETES— See Marigold 



Sweet Peas are favorites with everybody 


THUNBERGIAO* (Black Eyed Susan) 5 feet 

Slender, rapidly growing climbers, having a profusion of extremely 
pretty flowers. Useful for hanging baskets, lawn vases, trellises, 
porches, etc. 

Culture. Sow outdoors early in the spring. No special care 

1513 T. alata (mixed) — Flowers white, buff and orange. Pkt. 10c. 

VERBENA* 12 inches 

A perennial which is usually grown as an annual. It is a popular 
favorite for borders, boxes and beds. A profusion of flowers appear 
from July until October. 

Culture. For early flowering start plants indoors. Otherwise sow 
outdoors in April or May and thin out or transplant not closer than 
18 inches apart, as the plants will cover the ground. 

1514 V. hybrida coerulea — Large-flowered blue. Pkt. 10c. 

1515 V. hybrida alba— Mammoth white. Pkt. 10c. 

1516 V. hybrida rubra — Large-flowering red. Pkt. 10c. 

1517 V. hybrida striata — Beautiful, large, brilliantly striped 
blossoms. Pkt. 10c. 

1518 V. hybrida — Special large-flowered mixed. Pkt. 10c. 

VINCA* □ (Periwinkle) 15 inches 

Very ornamental, free-flowering, evergreen shrub with glossy green 
foliage and handsome flowers. Useful for summer bedding or 

borders and pot culture. 

Culture. Sow seeds in- 
doors in March or April. 
The plants will flower in 
mids umm er. May be re- 
moved and potted in the 
fall and kept in bloom 
during winter. 

1519 V. alba-Pure white. 
Pkt. 10c. 

1520 V. rosea— Bright rose 
with crimson eye. Pkt. 

18 inches 

Deliriously fragrant flow- 
ers, greatly prized for 
bouquets. Very useful in 
the spring garden for beds, 
borders, ribbons and sunk- 
en pots. 

Culture. Sow seed indoors February or March and pot when two 
inches high. Set outdoors May 15th, 12 inches apart. In September 
remove indoors and plants will bloom all winter. Will not winter 
outdoors in the North. 

1521 Purple — A beautiful, large-flowered, single variety. Pkt. 10c. 

1522 Cloth of Gold — Golden yellow, large, single-flowering. Pkt. 

1523 Early Brown — Brownish red, large, single-flowering. Pkt. 10c. 

1524 Double mixed — Fragrant, large, double-flowering sorts in 
many colors. Pkt. 10c. 


A well-known, rapidly-growing hardy perennial climber, useful for 
covering trellises, porches and arbors. The beautiful, fragrant, pale 
blue flowers appear in spring and fall. 

Culture. Start plants in the house in March, transplanting into 
permanent situation when danger of frost is over. 

1525 Selected— Pkt. 25c. 
WOOLFLOWER— See Celosia 


24 inches 

Free-flowering border plants. An 
everlasting, which makes beautiful 
winter bouquets. 

Culture. Sow outdoors early in 
May and thin to 18 inches apart. 
Bloom all summer. 

1526 X. annum fl. pi. — Double 
flowering, in white, red and purple 
colors. Pkt. 10c. 

ZINNIA O 24 inches 

Profusely flowering annuals of great 
beauty and superb coloring. Effec- 
tive in beds, borders or groups. 
Begin to bloom in July and con- 
tinue until frost. 

Culture. Sow seed outdoors as 
early as possible, later thin plants 
to 12 inches apart. May also be 
started under glass. No special care 
is required. 


An unproved strain having flowers 
3 inches in diameter, in many colors. 

1527 Z. elegans coccinea — Bright 
scarlet. Pkt. 10c. 

1528 Z. elegans yellow — Brilliant 
yellow. Pkt. 10c. 

1529 Z. elegans maroon — -Deep 
maroon. Pkt. 10c. 

1530 Z. elegans alba — Pure white. 
Pkt. 10c. 

1531 Z. elegans mixed- 
colors. Pkt. 10c. 

-All above 


Flowers usually 5 inches in diameter. 

1532 Golden yellow. Pkt. 15c. 

1533 White. Pkt. 15c. 

1534 Scarlet. Pkt. 15c. 



Apples and pears should be grown in every garden. See our Fruit Tree Catalog 



Owing to unsettled market conditions and the necessity of quoting prices far in 
advance of the date of issue, we do not guarantee the prices on any of the field 
seeds. They are subject to revision either upward or downward as the market 
fluctuates. Prices quoted do not include transportation charges, except where 
noted. For large quantities please write to us for the latest quotations, and we will 
be glad to attend to your inquiry immediately. 


No. 1600— Longfellow Flint 

One of the best and most prolific varieties of yellow flint corn, suitable for any 
section north of the line where early dent corns will not mature. The ear averages 
from 13 to 16 inches long, 8 rowed, deep orange in color and cob small. We 
recommend it for Northern New Jersey, Northern Pennsylvania, New York and 
New England. This corn is New England grown. Price, not including trans- 
portation, y 2 pk. 65c, 1 pk. $1.15, y 2 bu. $2.00, 1 bu. $3.50, 5 bu. $16.00. 

No. 1601— White Cap Yellow Dent 

(100 Day Bristol Strain) 

The 100 Day Bristol strain has been developed in the neighborhood of Penn's 
Manor, near Bristol, Pennsylvania. It is somewhat smaller and earlier than the 
White Cap Yellow Dent and accordingly matures farther north than the old 
standard. The kernel is light yellow with a white cap, giving the ears an almost 
pure white appearance. The cob is small and varies from white to red in color. 
The stalk attains a height of 8 feet or more and is splendid for fodder. When 
husked it is uniform in size and shape and in yield is up to standard. Price, not 
including transportation, y 2 pk. 65c, 1 pk. $1.15, y 2 bu. $2.00, 1 bu. $3.50, 
5 bu. $16.00. 

No. 1602 — Improved Learning 

An early dent corn which originated in Ohio. It matures in about 110 days. 
The ears average 12 to 15 inches in length, with an average of 16 to 20 rows. The 
kernels are wedge shaped, light yellow on the cap, shading reddish yellow. The 
cob is small. The stalks will average 8 feet in height and are sufficiently heavy 
to withstand high winds and storms. In the flint corn country it is valuable as 
a silage corn. The corn we offer is grown in New Jersey. Price, not including 
transportation, y 2 pk. 65c, 1 pk. $1.15, y 2 bu. $2.00, 1 bu. $3.50, 5 bu. $16.00. 

No. 1603— Reid's Yellow Dent 

This is one of the widely grown corns in the northern part of the corn belt. 
Our experience has shown that it matures well in the latitude of Philadelphia. 
Locally it is often confused with Learning, but is a much larger corn. It matures 
in 115 days. The ear averages 12 to 14 inches long, usually with 18 rows. The cob 
is very small. The kernels are a bright golden yellow and differ from Learning in 
that the caps are rougher and the kernel more square in shape. The stalk grows 
to a height of 8 feet or more and furnishes excellent fodder. In northern latitudes 
it is used for silage corn. Price, not including transportation, y 2 pk. 65c, 1 pk. 
$1.15, y 2 bu. $2.00, 1 bu. $3.50, 5 bu. $16.00. 

No. 1604— Eureka Ensilage 

This variety is one of the standard ensilage corns for the North. It surpasses 
others in the great growth of foliage and the fact that in favorable seasons it bears 
ears on the stalk. In the South it grows from 12 to 15 feet in height and produces 
ears measuring 12 inches or more in length, with a small cob. The kernels are 
pure white, almost square and exceptionally deep. The stock we offer has been 
grown in the Central Virginia Plateau, which is conceded to be the best source for 
seed corn of this variety. Price, not including transportation, y 2 pk. 65c, 1 pk. 
$1.15, y 2 bu. $2.00, 1 bu. $3.50, 5 bu. $16.00. 



Our field corn is carefully selected and of high germination 




The object to be obtained is a continual growth of rich pasturage 
from spring to fall. Soil sown with a variety of different grasses 
that are adapted to it, and which attain perfection at alternate 
months from April to October, will produce much larger and more 
satisfactory crops, both for hay and pasturage, than only one or 
two kinds. If seed is sown in spring, it should be done early, while 
the land is cool. We are always glad to give our customers the 
benefit of our experience, and shall take pleasure in advising you 
as to suitable grasses for your soils and special conditions, if you 
will correspond with us in regard to it. 

These famous mixtures are well-balanced combinations of a 
number of native and acclimated foreign grasses and clovers, blended 
so as to produce a permanent, dense and deep-rooted turf that will 
yield, year after year, the maximum quantity of hay, or afford, if 
desired, a constant and abundant pasture. The yield of hay, under 
favorable conditions, averages three to four tons per acre at the 
first cutting. After a hay crop is cut, the grass commences to grow 
at once, recovering its verdure in a few days, and affords excellent 
pasturage, even through dry summer weather. Both our No. 1 
Mixture for permanent pastures, and our No. 2 Mixture for per- 
manent mowing, if properly laid down, will maintain their valuable 
qualities for twenty years or more, if they are occasionally top- 
dressed with manure and resown lightly with grass seed. 

Sow Forty Pounds to the Acre 

No. 1 Mixture for Dry Upland Pastures 

Hard Fescue, Creeping Bent, Orchard Grass, Perennial Rve 
Tall Meadow Oat. 

No. 2 Mixture for Lowland Meadow Pasture 

Creeping Bent, Canadian Blue, Meadow Fescue, Orchard Grass, 
Perennial Rye, Red Top, Tall Meadow Oat. 

No. 3 Mixture for Dry Upland Mowing 

Orchard Grass, Perennial Rye, Red Top, Hard Fescue, Tall 
Meadow Oat, Alsike Clover. 

No. 4 Mixture for Low Meadow Mowing 

Kentucky Blue, Meadow Fescue, Meadow Foxtail, Orchard 
Grass, Perennial Rye, Tall Meadow Fescue. 

Price of any of above mixtures, $40.00 per 100 lbs., F. O. B. 
Moorestown, N. J. (Subject to change.) 


Per lb. Per 100 lbs. 

Postpaid Not Postpaid 

1605 Bermuda Grass (Cynodon dactylon) 75 

1606 Brome Grass (Bromus) 50 

1607 Canadian Blue Grass (Poa compressa) 30 

1608 Creeping Bent Grass (Agrostis stolonifera) 75 

1609 Perennial Rye Grass (Lolium perenne) 25 

1610 Hard Fescue (Festuca duriuscula) 55 as 

1611 Italian Rye Grass (Lolium italicum) 25 8 

1612 Kentucky Blue Grass (Poa pratensis) „ 55 £ 

1613 Meadow Fescue (Festuca pratensis)' 55 

1614 Orchard Grass (Dactylis glomerata) 30 o 

1615 Red Top (Agrostis vulgaris) 40 

1616 Rhodes Grass 80 2 

1617 Rhode Island Bent Grass (Agrostis canina) 55 £ 

1618 Sheep's Fescue (Festuca ovina) 55 > 

1619 Sudan Grass 20 

1620 Sweet Vernal, True Perennial (Anthoxanthum odoratum) 80 

1621 Tall Meadow Fescue (Festuca elatoir) 55 

1622 Tall Meadow Oat Grass (A vena elatoir) 55 

1623 Timothv 35 


1624 Medium Red Clover (Trifolium pratens, L.) lb. 60c, 
10 lb. $5.50, postpaid. F. O. B. Moorestown, 10 lb. $5.00, 100 
lb. $45.00. 

1625 Mammoth Red Clover (Trifolium Medium, L.) lb. 70c, 
10 lb. $6.50, postpaid. F. O. B. Moorestown, 10 lb. $6.00, 100 
lb. $58.00. 

1626 Alsike Clover (Trifolium hybridum, L.) lb. 70c, 10 lb. 
$6.50, postpaid. F. O. B. Moorestown, 10 lb. $5.75, 100 lb. 

1627 Crimson or Scarlet Clover (Trifolium incarnatum, L.) 
lb. 25c, 5 lb. $1.10, postpaid. F. O. B. Moorestown, 10 lb. 
$1.80, 100 lb. $15.00. 

1628 White Dutch Clover (Trifolium repens) lb. 90c, 10 lb. 
$8.50, postpaid. F. O. B. Moorestown, 10 lb. $8.00, 100 lb. 

1629 Sweet Clover (Melilotus alba) (hulled) lb. 35c, 10 lb. 
$3.00, postpaid. F. O. B. Moorestown, 10 lb. $2.75, 100 lb. 

1630 Alfalfa — Best quality northwestern grown seed. lb. 
50c, 10 lb. $4.75, postpaid. F. O. B. Moorestown, 10 lb. $4.75, 
100 lb. $45,00. 

1634— Hairy Vetch 

(Vicia villosa) 

This is also known as Sand Vetch, Winter Vetch or Russian Vetch 
and is planted as a winter annual. It is widely used as a forage and 
cover crop, doing well in any well-drained soil but especially adapted 
for sandy soil. As this variety stands cold weather very well, it 
may be sown in mixture with a small grain which, on sandy soils, 
is generally rye. There is no legume at present known which is 
superior to it in the Eastern States as a cover crop. Price, 10 lb. 
$2.75, postpaid. 100 lb. $25.00, F. O. B. Moorestown. (Prices 
subject to change.) 


Our alfalfa is northwestern grown. Use the best 


Soy Beans 

In the East the general use for Soy Beans is as a soil improvement 
crop, with the exception of the latitudes south of Philadelphia where 
it is grown for seed. It is an annual plant belonging to the legumes, 
which gather nitrogen from the air. It grows very rapidly and is 
valuable for silage, hay or summer pasture for hogs or cattle. Fre- 
quently it is planted with silage corn, which balances up the silage 
ration. As a grain crop, the average yield runs from 15 to 20 bushels 
per acre. The varieties offered are as follows: 

1635 WILSON 

Matures in 120 Days. A black bean, upright in growth with 
slender stems. It is popular for hay and silage and gives good yields 
of grain. Price, 10 lb. $3.50, postpaid; F. O. B. Moorestown, 
bu. $9.00. 

1636 ITO SAN 

Matures in 115 Days. An early variety, growing about 28 inches 
tall, having medium sized, straw colored seeds. Excellent for grain 
purposes. Price, 10 lb. $3.50, postpaid; F. O. B. Moorestown, 
bu. $9.00. 


Matures in 130 Days. Plants grow 36 inches tall and make good 
hay. The seeds are medium in size and straw colored. May not 
be used for grain purposes north of Philadelphia. Price, 10 lb. 
$3.50, postpaid; F. O. B. Moorestown, bu. $9.00. 


Matures in 100 Days. Very similar to Ito San, with the exception 
that the seeds are brown and somewhat larger. Price, 10 lb. $3.50, 
postpaid; F. O. B. Moorestown, bu. $9.00. 


Will not mature in the North. The vines are 36 inches or more 
in height and bear considerable foliage, which is excellent for hay 
or fodder. Price, 10 lb. $3.50, postpaid; F. O. B. Moorestown, 
bu. $9.00. 

Cow Peas 

The Cow Pea, which is also a bean, differs from the Soy Bean in 
having long, smooth instead of short, hairy pods. In many respects 
Soy Beans and Cow Peas are similar in requirements and manner of 
growth, the chief difference being that Cow Peas are generally 
cheaper in price and more easily grown for green manure and soil 
improvement on poor soils, but are not so productive or so easily 
cured for hay and grain. Cow Peas are sown broadcast at the rate 
of one and one-half bushels per acre. The hay is almost as good 
as Soy Bean hay, one to two tons per acre being produced. 


Matures in About 115 Days. While the seed production is light, 
the quality of the forage is good. The seeds are brown and mottled 
with light colored spots and streaks. Price, 10 lb. $2.50, post- 
paid; F. O. B. Moorestown, 14 bu. $4.00, bu. $7.75. 

1641 CLAY 

Will not mature in the North but is a heavy forage producer. Seeds 
are tan in color. Price, 10 lb. $2.50, postpaid; F. O. B. Moores- 
town, Y 2 bu. $4.00, bu. $7.75. 

1642 NEW ERA 

Matures in 115 days but does not produce large vines. Seeds are 
small and reddish-brown in color. Price, 10 lb. $2.50, postpaid; 
F. O. B. Moorestown, 14 bu. $4.00, bu. $7.75. 

1643— Canadian Field Peas 

Field Peas do not differ materially from garden peas except that 
they are trailers. They are chiefly useful in growing as a green 
manure crop for plowing under. They add nitrogen to the soil. 
Frequently they are planted for the purpose of cutting and curing 
as hay. Such hay is in many respects as good as clover. As a 
rule, however, Field Peas are planted in combination with oats. In 
New Jersey Field Peas in combination with oats are recommended 
as a green manure crop to be plowed under before late potatoes, 
alfalfa, etc. Price, 10 lb. $1.00, postpaid; F. O. B. Moorestown, 
Yz bu. $3.00, bu. $5.50. 

1644 — Dwarf Essex Rape 

This crop is one of the most valuable for hog pasture or green 
manure. As its growth is extremely rank, it produces ten or more 
tons per acre of succulent forage which is excellent for hogs, cattle 
or sheep. When a foot high, live-stock may be turned into the 
field and a large amount of pasture furnished at a time of the year 
when there is little grass. May be sown broadcast or in drills. For 
broadcasting 5 lb. per acre is sufficient, while 2 lb. should be used 
for drilling. Price, lb. 12c, postpaid; F. O. B. Moorestown, 
100 lb. $11.00. 

1631 — Rosen Rye 

This variety is of Russian origin and was introduced into the United 
States by a student at the Michigan Agricultural College. Upon 
being tested, it was found that while common rye would produce 
an average of 10 to 15 bushels per acre, double the yield was obtained 
with Rosen Rye. While this variety is highly recommended for 
sandy soil it also does well on the heavier loams. Rosen Rye is a 
stiff strawed, large headed variety with four rows of grain on the 
head. We recommend this variety in preference to common rye, 
as its superiority is so evident. Price,. H bu. $2.00, bu. $3.50, 
5 bu. or more $3.25 per bu., F. 0. B. Moorestown. Prices 
subject to revision. 




This variety has given general satisfaction for a good many years 
and is highly recommended by several experiment stations. It is 
apt to be rank in growth on heavy soils biit is considered better 
than any other for sandy loams. Price, bu. $2.50, 5 bu. or more 
$2.25 per bu., F. O. B. Moorestown. 


This variety was originally introduced from Russia by the United 
States Department of Agriculture. It is very widely Used through- 
out the corn belt states where mid-season and late varieties are 
injured by hot weather. We are advised by the Bureau of Plant 
Industry that Kherson Oats are identical with the Sixty-day. 
This variety is of considerable value where there is danger of hot, 
dry weather and is adaptable to the heavier soils where other 
varieties would lodge. Price, bu. $2.50, 5 bu. or more $2.25 
per bu., F. O. B. Moorestown. 


Rye and Vetch are used every year on Windermoor Farm as a cover crop 



1645 — Mammoth Long Red 

Days to Maturity, 100. A variety grown in this country for a 
long time. It was listed by Johnson & Stokes prior to 1889. Older 
synonyms include Jumbo, Norbitant Giant and Colossal. Mam- 
moth Long Red is probably the most universally grown mangel 
beet. The roots are extremely large, attaining a growth of at least 
twelve inches and totaling up a tonnage per acre which is exception- 
ally heavy. The average weight of well grown Mammoth Long 
Red Beet roots will be over ten pounds and they have been known 
to exceed twenty-five pounds. Pkt. 10c, oz. 15c, H lb. 45c, 1 lb. 
$1.00, 5 lb. $4.00, postpaid. 

1646 — Yellow Intermediate 

Days to Maturity, 100. A European variety of long standing 
carried as Giant of Battles by Walter P. Stokes for a number of 
years. Sludstrup is another synonym. Yellow Intermediate or 
Brock's Intermediate has made a splendid reputation with farmers 
who desire high percentage of feeding value together with high 
yield per acre. The roots are cylindrical in shape and are very 
solid. The fact that a large portion of this mangel grows above the 
ground makes it comparatively easy to harvest. Pkt. 10c, oz. 15c, 
Y A lb. 45c, 1 lb. $1.00, 5 lb. $4.00, postpaid. 

1647— Golden Tankard 

Days to Maturity, 100. Probably of French origin. It was listed 
by Ferry in 1885. Golden Tankard is a smooth, golden fleshed 
mangel, having large roots tapering sharply at the bottom. The 
tops of Golden Tankard are comparatively small and for this reason 
they can be grown closer together than other more spreading varie- 
ties. It is especially recommended for sheep and poultry. Pkt. 10c, 
oz. 15c, K lb. 45c, 1 lb. $1.00, 5 lb. $4.00, postpaid. 

1648— Giant Half Sugar Rose 

Days to Maturity, 100. A standard variety of European origin. 
Its name indicates some sugar content. It is used for this purpose 
by some growers, although not in a large way commercially. The 
Klein wanzleben is the standard variety amongst the sugar factories. 
That part of the root which is exposed to the sunlight is a beautiful 
rose color, the other half being almost pure white. This variety is 
recommended as satisfactory for stock feeding. Pkt. 10c, oz. 
15c, Y± lb. 45c, 1 lb. $1.00, 5 lb. $4.00, postpaid. 

1649 — Improved White Sugar 

Days to Maturity, 100. A standard variety introduced by 
Vilmorin of Paris, France. It has a rather high sugar content and 
makes an excellent stock beet. Pkt. 10c, oz. 15c, 34 lb. 45c, 1 lb. 
$1.00, 5 lb. $4.00, postpaid. 

(Scale x 1/6) 






Our bird seeds are of the highest quality, carefully selected and 
mixed so that they furnish the highest nourishment. 

1650— Canary, Mixed. Price, lb. 25c, 5 lb. $1.15, postpaid. 

1651— Canary, Plain (Sicily) Price, lb. 25c, 5 lb. $1.15, postpaid. 

1652— Hemp. Price, lb. 25c, 5 lb. $1.15, postpaid. 

1653— Millet (Imported) Price, lb. 15c, 5 lb. 70c, postpaid. 

1654— Rape, Bird. Price, lb. 12c, 5 lb. 50c, postpaid. 

1655 — Lettuce seed for birds. Price, lb. 35c, postpaid. 

1656 — Sunflower seed. Price, lb. 10c, 5 lb. 45c, postpaid. 

(Prices subject to market changes). 


Rosen rye is much superior to common rye. Try it 



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NOTE: — For roses, fruit trees of all kinds, bush fruits and strawberries see our Fruit Tree Catalog. 

Sent free upon request. 

Vegetable Seeds 


Anise 74 

Asparagus 7 

Balm 74 

Basil, Sweet 74 

Beans, Lima 8-9 

Beans, Green-Podded 10-11 

Beans, Wax-Podded 12-13 

Beet, Garden 14-16 

Beet, Mangel 96 

Beet Plants 75 

Beet, Sugar 96 

Borage 74 

Brussels Sprouts 17 

Cabbage 18-21 

Cabbage, Chinese 21 

Cabbage Plants 75 

Caraway 74 

Carrot 22-23 

Cauliflower 24-25 

Cauliflower Plants 75 

Celery 25-27 

Celery Plants 75 

Chard, Swiss. . 16 

Chicory 29 

Collards 28 

Coriander 74 

Corn, Pop 33 

Corn, Sweet 30-33 

Corn Salad 28 

Cress 28 

Cucumber 34-35 

Dandelion 28 

Dill 74 

Eggplant 36 

Eggplant Plants 75 

Endive 29 

Fennel, Sweet 74 

Herbs 74 

Horehound 74 

Horseradish 17 

Hyssop 74 

Kale 36 

Kohl-rabi 37 

Lavender 74 

Leek , 41 

Lettuce 38-41 

Lettuce Plants 75 

Marjoram, Sweet : 74 

Melon, Honey Dew 45 

Melon, Musk 42—15 

Melon, Water 46—17 

Mushroom 45 

Mustard 28 

Okra 37 

Onion 48-50 

Onion Sets 50 

Parsley 51 

Parsnip 51 

Peas 52-55 

Pepper 56-57 

Pepper Plants 75 

PeTsai . . . 21 

Plants, Vegetable 75 

Potatoes 59 

Pumpkin 57-58 

Radish 60-63 

Rhubarb 23 

Rosemary 74 

Rue 74 

Saffron 74 

Sage 74 

Salsify 63 

Savory, Summer 74 

Spinach 64-65 

Squash 66-67 

Thyme 74 

Tomato 68-71 

Tomato Plants 75 

Turnip 72-73 

Wormwood 74 

Flower Seeds 

Acroclinium 76 

African Daisy — See Dimorphotheca 

Ageratum 76 

Agrostemma 76 

Alyssum v 76 

Amarantus 76 

Ampelopsis 76 

Antirrhinum 76 

Aquilegia 77 

Asters 77-78 

Bachelor's Button — See Centaurea 

Balsam 78 

Balloon Vine — See Cardiospermum 
Balsam Apple — See Momordica 
Balsam Pear — See Momordica 

Begonia '. . 78 

Bellis perennis 78 

Calendula '. 78 

California Poppy — See Eschscholtzia 

Calliopsis 78-79 

Campanula 78 


Canary Bird Vine. 79 

Candytuft 79-80 

Canterbury Bell — See Campanula 
Cardinal Climber — See Ipomea 

Cardiospermum 79 

Carnation 79 

Castor Bean — See Ricinus 
Cathedral Bells — See Cobaea 

Celosia 80 

Centaurea 80 

Chrysanthemum 81 

Cineraria 81 

Clarkia 81 

Clematis 81 

Cobaea scandens 81 

Cockscomb — See Celosia 

Coix lachrymae 81 

Coleus 81 

Columbine — See Aquilegia 

Convolvulus 82 

Cornflower — See Centaurea 
Coreopsis — See Calliopsis 

Cosmea 82 

Cosmos — See Cosmea 

Cyclamen ." 82 

Cypress Vine — See Ipomea 

Daisy — See Bellis, Dimorphotheca, Chrysanthemum 

Datura 82 

Delphinum 82 

Dianthus 79-80, 82-83, 91 

Digitalis 83 

Dimorphotheca 83 

Dolichos 83 

Dusty Miller — See Centaurea 

Eschscholtzia 83 

Euphorbia 83 

Everlasting — See Helichrysum 
Feverfew— See Matricaria 
Forget-Me-Not — See Myosotis 
Four o'Clock — See Mirabilis 
Foxglove — See Digitalis 

Fuchsia 84 

Gaillardia 84 

Geranium — See Pelargonium 

Gilia 84 

Globe Amaranth — See Gomphrena 

Gloxinia 84 

Godetia 84 

Gomphrena 84 

Gourds 84 

Grasses, Ornamental 84 

Gypsophilia 84 

Helianthus 84 

Helichrysum 85 

Heliotrope 85 

Hibiscus 85 

Hollyhock 85 

Hyacinth Bean — See Dolichos 

Iberis — See Candytuft 

Ice Plant — See Mesembryanthemum 

Immortelles 85 

Ipomea 85 

Ivy — See Ampelopsis 

Job's Tears — See Coix lachrymae 

Kochia 85 

Lady Slipper — See Balsam 

Lantana 86 

Larkspur — See Delphinum 

Lawn Grass 73 

Lobelia 86 

Love-in-a-Mist — See Nigella 

Lychnis 86 

Marigold 86 

Marvel of Peru — See Mirabilis 

Matricaria 86 

Maurandia 86 

Mesembryanthemum 86 

Mignonette 86 

Mimosa 86 

Mimulus 86 

Mirabilis 86-87 

Momordica '. 87 

Morning Glory — See Convolvulus 
Morning Glory — See Ipomea 
Moss Rose — See Portulaca 
Mourning Bride — See Scabiosa 
Muskplant — See Mimulus 

Myosotis 87 

Nasturtium 87 

Nicotiaua 87 

Nigella 88 

Oxalis 88 

Pansy 88 

Papaver — See Poppy 

Passiflora 88 

Passion Flower — See Passiflora 

Peas, Sweet 91 

Pelargonium 88 

Petunia 89 

Phlox 89 

Pinks — See Dianthus 

Poppy 89 

Poppy, California — See Eschscholtzia 

Portulaca 89 

Primrose — See Primula 

Primula 89-90 

Pyrethrum 90 


Reseda — See Mignonette 

Rhodanthe 90 

Ricinus 90 

Rose Campion — See Lychnis 

Salpiglossis 90 

Salvia 90 

Scabiosa 90 

Scarlet Runner Beans 90 

Scarlet Sage — See Salvia 

Schizanthus 90 

Sensitive Plant — See Mimosa 

Smilax 90 

Snapdragon — See Antirrhinum 

Stocks 90 

Stokesia cyanea 90 

Summer Cypress — See Kochia 
Sunflower— See Helianthus 

Sweet Peas 91 

Sweet Sultan — See Centaurea 

Sweet William 91 

Tagetes — See Marigold 

Thunbergia 92 

Tropaeolum — See Canary Bird Vine 

Verbena 92 

Vinca 92 

Wallflower 92 

Wistaria 92 

Woolflower— See Celosia 

Xeranthemum 92 

Zinnia 92 

Field Seeds 

Alfalfa 94 

Beans, Soy 95 

Beets, Mangel 96 

Beets, Sugar 96 

Bermuda Grass 94 

Blue Grass, Canadian 94 

Blue Grass, Kentucky 94 

Brome Grass 94 

Clover, Alsike 94 

Clover, Crimson 94 

Clover, Mammoth Red 94 

Clover, Medium Red 94 

Clover, Scarlet 94 

Clover, Sweet 94 

Clover, White Dutch 94 

Corn 93 

Creeping Bent Grass 94 

Fescue, Hard 94 

Fescue, Meadow 94 

Fescue, Sheep's 94 

Fescue, Tall Meadow 94 

Lawn Grass 75 

Mowing Mixtures 94 

Oats 95 

Oat Grass, Tall Meadow 94 

Orchard Grass 94 

Pasture Mixtures 94 

Peas, Canadian Field 95 

Peas, Cow 95 

Rape 95 

Red Top 94 

Rhode Island Bent Grass 94 

Rhodes Grass 94 

Rye : 95 

Rye Grass, Italian 94 

Rye Grass, Perennial 94 

Sudan Grass 94 

Sunflower 96 

Sweet Vernal Grass 94 

Timothy 94 

Vetch 94 


Bushel Weights '. 5 

Canadian Shipments 2 

Canary Seed 96 

C. O. D. Shipments 2 

Deliveries 2 

Errors 2 

Foreign Names of Vegetables 2 

Guarantees 2 

Hemp, Bird 96 

History of Vegetables 6 

Lawn Grass 75 

Lettuce, Bird 96 

Millet, Bird 96 

Ordering, Directions for 2 

Origin of Vegetables 6 

Planting Distances 5 

Planting Table 4 

Plants, Vegetable 75 

Prices 2 

Quantities Seed per Acre 5 

Rape, Bird 96 

Remittances 2 

Safe Arrival 2 

Seed Table 5 

Sunflower, Bird 96 

Varieties Recommended 3 

Stokes Seeds 

— — —-^ — 

true as 

Sir Galahad